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Human Disease Essay - 2074 Words
moscow essay INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF. RUSSIAN STUDIE S. RIVALRY BETWEEN MOSCOW AND ST PETERSBURG – THE CONTRASTING IDEOLOGIES OF CONSERVATISM AND WESTERNISM IN RUSSIA EMBODIED IN THE TWO CAPITALS. This paper argues that the two capitals of Russia, namely Moscow and St Petersburg, have each played a unique and defining role in the birth and development of the ideologies of Westernisation and conservatism in Russia. With their distinctive characters and ways of life, the two cities have constituted two poles in Russian political history as well as literature and art. This paper tries to give the reader a brief picture of both cities from an architectural, cultural, historical and above all political and ideological perspective. Thus, in an attempt to explore the different roles the two cities have played in Russian political history, the paper takes a brief look at essay, the history and dynamics that shaped the distinctive ideologies of the amcas ap coursework two capitals.
Finally, the paper tries to make a clear identification and comparison of the disease essay character and roles of the two capitals in Russian political life and history. Key Words: Moscow, St Petersburg, Autocracy, Conservatism, Moscow-Third Rome, Petrine Revolution, Westernisation, Slavophilism. There is no doubt that Moscow and St Petersburg are among the most popular tourist destinations in the world today. The two capitals of Russia, with their outstanding beauty and rich history, attract millions of tourists every year from all over the world. No place better represents Russia than Red Square (Krasnaya Ploshchad). Its name comes from the contests students word “krasnyi”, which once meant “beautiful”, and has only come to essay mean “red” in the contemporary Russian language. Essays. The name became official in the middle of the 17th century; previously it had been Trinity Square. 
Trinity Cathedral, which is often known as the predecessor of St Basil’s, gave its name to the square. It was also known as “Fire Square”, due to the number of fires that swept away “medieval Moscow”. There is also a myth that it was named “red” because of the bloody executions that were publicly held in the square. Whatever its name means, one can witness thousands of years of history walking the brick road of this plaza, which was long used by the Kremlin for celebrations and especially military parades. The “Teatralnaya Ploshchad”, or Theater Square, which is located near Red Square, hosts the disease world-famous “Bolshoi Theater” and t he lesser known “ Maly Theater”. Walking south-west, you reach “Okhotny Ryad” to “Manezhnaya Ploshchad”, or Manezh Square.
The square centres on the statue of Marshall Zhukov, the heroic commander of the Red Army in the Second World War. The former Central Lenin Museum  provides the background. Entering Red Square through the Resurrection Gate, you see Kazan Cathedral on your left . The amazing State History Museum is located at the north end of the contests college square. The enormous, elaborate facade occupying the east side of the square is the disease State Department Store, better known as GUM. The mighty towers of the Kremlin dominate the west side of the square. Lenin’s Mausoleum, which is located near the centre of the Square, is cryptography, still open for disease visitors.
At the far end of Red Square, the colourful confusion of onion domes and tent peaks is the Cathedral of St Basil the Blessed , the 16th-century church that is probably Moscow’s most recognisable sight. The original name of the church is the Intercession of the Virgin Cathedral, named for the feast day on amcas, which the army of Ivan IV the Terrible captured the city of Kazan in 1552. Disease Essay. One chapel was built over the grave of Vasily (Basil) the Blessed, whose name has stuck for the whole church. From here you can continue strolling south to the Moscow River for fabulous views of the gold domes of the Kremlin churches rising up over the red brick walls. The so-called Seven Sisters are perhaps the most recognisable contributions of the cryptography paper Stalinist period to the city.
Seven massive skyscrapers scattered throughout the city at about an equal distance from the Kremlin still echo the Communist past of Russia. St Petersburg, the undisputed cultural capital of Russia, is often referred to as the “Venice of the North” with its beautiful canals, bridges and essay, architecture. Research White Paper. The city was intentionally planned and built by Peter the Great (1672-1725) as the essay window of Russia to the West. Since its foundation, St Petersburg pioneered the essay idea of “Westernisation” and became a fortress of its supporters. The location of the new capital — where the Neva River meets the Baltic Sea — also symbolised the liberation of Russia from its obsolete traditions and revealed the process of the “Russian awakening”.
St Petersburg was created not only by disease essay, architects, but by poets. Russia’s new capital  became an inspiration for the works of the greatest poets of Russia, from Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin to Marina Tsvetaeva. Russia’s greatest poet, Pushkin, drew a marvellous image of this beautiful city in his famous narrative poem “ - The Bronze Horseman” (1833): , , ,  I love you, work of Peter, I love your sober and essays students, harmonious outlook. Pushkin’s poem further describes how Peter the Great decided to “cut a window on Europe”. . 
Here nature instructs us, To cut a window on Europe. Today, St Petersburg still remains Russia’s “window to the West”. It is a common observation that far more English is spoken here than in Moscow, and St Petersburgers have a more welcoming attitude towards tourists. St Petersburg is often considered compact and calm compared to urban and noisy Moscow. The Nevsky Prospekt features the best architecture of the city.
Standing on the Troitsky Bridge, one can see a great panoramic view of the city, where reflections of the palaces and main buildings shimmer on the Neva River. On the other side of the Neva is located the Peter and Paul Fortress, which was built to defend the city and was later used as a prison. The magnificent spire of the Peter and Paul Cathedral with its winged angel blessing the city constitutes a great composition with the fortress and essay, the Neva River. Along the left bank of the Neva there is a line of palaces culminating in the royal Romanov Winter Palace, which is currently home to the world-famous Hermitage Museum. White Paper. The museum not only offers the most famous masterpieces of painters such as Rembrandt, da Vinci and essay, Matisse, but also displays magnificent ballrooms and throne rooms, reminders of the days of imperial life. The museum offers such a grand collection of paintings that if a visitor stops in front of every exhibit for at least 30 seconds, a tour of the entire collection would take more than seven years (given an white paper, eight-hour viewing day). The beautiful Palace Square in front of the Hermitage features the Alexander Column. It was near the Senate building where the rebel Decembrists faced the firing squads of the Emperor in 1825.
At night, St Isaac’s Cathedral and the Senate building offer a magnificent view in the beams of projectors. The famous monument of Peter the disease essay Great, “the Bronze Horseman”, stands as a symbol of the city, reminding its viewers of Pushkin’s unforgettable poem. If you take a walk near the Neva at dawn, you will see the 13 beautiful drawbridges of Petersburg lifting up their hands to the heavens while beneath them slide vessels. Crossing the Moika Canal one can reach the Yusupov Palace, where Grigory Rasputin was murdered. The bridge across the Griboyedov Canal offers a perfect view of Kazan Cathedral, which reminds visitors of a small-scaled version of St Peter’s Basilica in ocr english coursework Rome. One of the most beautiful cathedrals of Saint Petersburg, the Saviour-on-the-Blood, was erected on the spot where Russian Emperor Alexander II was murdered on 1 March 1881. Petrodvorets (Peter’s Palace), t he Anichkov Bridge across the Fontanka Canal with Pytor Klodt’s four famous sculptures — wild horses with their tamers — adorning its four corners, the Mariinsky Theatre, Vasilievsky Island, the Old St Petersburg Stock Exchange between the Rostral Columns, Mikhailov Gardens, and the classical Russian Museum are only some of the countless beauties that “the city of white nights” offers. This bright and lively Petersburg gives a completely different picture than Fyodor Dostoevsky’s image of Petersburg. In his masterpiece Crime and essay, Punishment , Dostoevsky describes the amcas city from the eyes of the hero of his novel, Raskolnikov.
Dostoevsky’s Petersburg is disease, a terrible, cold, merciless and suffocating city where lonely souls are lost inside the crowds. Literature. It is a city that kills the good inside and liberates evil from disease its chains. Dostoevsky’s criticism of Petersburg is not the contests college students sole example in Russian literature and political thought. The rivalry between the two capitals of essay, Russia, Moscow and Petersburg, has often been materialised in the works of famous writers. Gogol was perhaps the foremost among them.
Being the poles of the longstanding dispute between Slavophilism and Westernism, the two cities’ contrasting personalities have been apparent in their social composition, cultural outlook and even architectural styles. Contests College Students. This great difference of atmosphere between the two cities is easily sensed by visitors. The two capitals, each playing its own role in Russian history and political thought, demonstrate the two different faces of Russia. In an attempt to identify the essay differences of character between the two cities, this paper will examine the amcas reasons for disease the division of roles of the two capitals of Russia. The Birth of movie, Moscow. Archaeological evidence indicates that the territory that is disease essay, now Moscow has been occupied since the Neolithic epoch. The oldest settlements, dated at three thousand years before our era, were discovered within the area of the present-day city. In the 8th and 9th centuries Slavic tribes started to occupy areas near the Moskva River. These were the tribes of the Kryvichi and Vjatichi, who are regarded as the kernel of the future Moscow population. The first reference to william essays “the village of Moscow” was made in an old Russian manuscript of 1147. In 1156, Prince Yuri Vladimirovich Dolgoruky erected timber walls on the present-day site of the Kremlin . He is regarded as the founder of the city of Moscow.  His monument, which is located near Tverskaya Street, is disease essay, among the city’s most visited touristic attractions.
Surrounding forest belt provided the city a limited degree of protection from the invaders. Its unique location adjacent to amcas ap coursework several rivers also helped it to become a trade centre. From the 10th to disease the 13th centuries, Kievan Rus’  (Russia of Kiev) was the dominant figure of the Russian land, and it was well-integrated into the medieval economic system. Comparison. The Tartar (or Tatar) invasion, which resumed in 1237 and lasted more than 250 years, tore Russia away from the West. Essay. The invasion, facilitated by the breakup of Kievan Rus ’, was followed by the division of the East Slavic people into three separate nations: modern day Russia , Ukraine and Belarus . Despite having devastating consequences for Kievan Rus’, the Tartar rule played an movie comparison, important role in the rise of Moscow and subsequently the Russian Empire . Moscow became the disease seat of the grand dukes of Vladimir-Suzdal (1271), who later assumed the title of grand dukes of Moscow. By 1325, Moscow’s princes obtained the sole right to rule over the Russian territories and review on buyer behavior, collect tribute for the Golden Horde . During the rule of Dmitri Donskoi , the first stone walls of the Kremlin were built (1367). Disease. With its location at the crossroads of trade routes and its leadership in the struggle against the Tatar rule, “ Muscovy” gradually achieved dominance over the neighbouring principalities. The head of the Russian Orthodox Church relocated to Moscow in the 14th century in recognition of the city’s growing authority.
The Prince of Moscow, Ivan III, rolled back the Tatar invaders , following which the city became the ocr english capital of the disease essay expanding Muscovite state. By the 15th century Moscow became the capital of the Russian national state, and in essays contests 1547 Grand Duke Ivan IV became the first to assume the disease title of Tsar. Essay. The Moscow Kremlin, which was built in the beginning of the disease essay 15th century, is essays contests college students, a benchmark of that epoch. During the period of expansion, the young state was thrown into disease essay, chaos when Ivan IV passed away without leaving an literature, heir. In the ensuing power struggle, the country was invaded by several foreign armies before the Russian people were able once again to gain control of Moscow and elect a new Tsar, marking the beginning of the Romanov dynasty (1613–1917). During the reign of Peter the Great, there was strong progress in the arts and sciences in Moscow, and in Russia as a whole. Disease. In 1703 the first printed newspaper appeared ( Vedomosti ), and in 1755 Moscow University was opened. Essays. The large-scale growth of manufacturing in Moscow during the 17th century, which necessitated an outlet to essay the sea, was instrumental in Peter’s decision to build St Petersburg on the Baltic. The capital was transferred to St Petersburg in paper 1712, but Moscow’s cultural and social life continued uninterrupted and the city remained Russia’s religious centre. Following the essay Battle of research white paper, Borodino in August of 1812, Moscow was left to Napoleon’s troops.  However, before the arrival of the French in the city, it was burnt by the Moscovites  almost entirely.
Fires and hunger forced the French army to leave Moscow.  After the liberation of the city, a commission was authorised for the reconstruction of Moscow. The present-day appearance of the Moscow city centre is rooted in those times. Thus, the disease Alexandrov Garden and ocr english coursework, Theatre Square appeared with the Bolshoi and Maly theatres, as well as the disease essay buildings of Manezh and the First Gradskaya hospital. Towards the end of the 19th century it became the second industrial centre in Russia (after St Petersburg), partially due to cryptography the rapid growth of railway communication. The first telegraph line was constructed in 1852, connecting the disease essay two Russian capitals. Ap Coursework. The first telephone lines were organised between Moscow and Petersburg in the late 1890s. The 19th century is considered as the disease golden age for arts and science, and Moscow was the william cornwallis essays intellectual birthplace of disease essay, many famous Russian artists, writers like Pushkin, Gogol’, Tolstoi, Chekhov and cornwallis essays, Herzen. The 19th century also marked the development of the Slavophile movement, whose “holy” centre was Moscow. The process of rapid industrialisation and the formation of the labour class helped the communistic ideas of Karl Marx to spread among the working classes and intelligentsia in Moscow.
The Krasnaya Presnya rebellion of 1905 and the July strikes of disease, 1914 were the important milestones in the revolutionary process, which was finalised by the “Great October” Revolution of 1917. In 1918 the Soviet government, headed by V. Lenin, transferred the capital back to Moscow and fostered spectacular economic growth in cryptography paper the city. The Soviet Union was announced on 30 December 1922 by the All-Russia Communist Party of Bolsheviks (VKPB) with Moscow as its capital. During World War II, Moscow was the disease essay goal of the German offensive. The German troops were stopped only 35–40 kilometres (near today’s Sheremetyevo Airport) from the city’s centre. Moscow’s architecture changed drastically with the construction of Soviet-style blocs to answer the increasing need for housing. Cryptography White Paper. The most active construction process took place during the rule of Nikita Khrushchev in the 1960s. These small-sized flats, which are often referred to as “Xrushovki” in essay the Russian language, were constructed quickly to meet the movie urgent demand and are, therefore, far from being beautiful or diverse. Due to inadequate public funds, Moscow’s infrastructure suffered after the 1991 demise of the Soviet Union.
In the late 1990s many ambitious reconstruction projects were launched and Moscow experienced a real-estate boom. Today, with its gigantic size, huge population and disease essay, unbearable traffic jams, Moscow is considered one of the most expensive metropolises of the world. Muscovite Russia – The Centre of Autocracy and Absolutism. The political evolution of Russia has occurred in william an opposite direction compared to that of the West due to geographic, political and cultural reasons. After the conquest of Siberia, the borders of Russia were extended vastly, covering an immense territory and making her the largest kingdom on earth in the 17th century. Essay. This vast territory was exposed to the threat of ap coursework, Mongol and Turkic tribes. These conditions created a suitable environment for the development and justification of the concept of disease essay, “ autocracy” in Russia. This feeling of insecurity led in Muscovite Russia to the development of a “military dictatorship”. Amcas Ap Coursework. The entire Russian nation consisted of disease essay, serfs: the contests development of a privileged aristocracy and a class of self-governing burghers was impeded.
The absence of private property led to the complete concentration of power in the hands of Russia’s rulers. Until the 19th century, Muscovite Russian cities were mainly made up of rural populations engaged in agriculture and lacking powers of self-government. The consequence of these conditions in medieval Russia was the absence of an independent nobility and private property. Thus, the lack of these two key institutions, which served to limit the powers of kings in the West, helped the Russian rulers to essay consolidate their absolute power. Another contributing factor to the rise of an extreme form of autocracy was the Orthodox religion. Byzantine dogma held politics to white be the responsibility of the rulers and this helped the emergence in Russia of a form of monarchy that, in its powers, exceeded anything known in the West even in disease the age of absolutism. European travellers to Muscovy perceived its rulers as possessing unlimited authority and disregarding private property rights.
The Russian monarchy emerged as a sovereign power in the second half of the 15th century. Until then, Russian rulers had been vassals of both Byzantium and paper, of the Mongol-Tartar Golden Horde. The capture of Constantinople by the Turks in 1453 ended Russia’s dependence on the Byzantine Empire. Shortly afterward, the Golden Horde fell apart. Disease Essay. As a result, by comparison, 1480, in the reign of Ivan III, the rulers of disease, Muscovy could claim, at first cautiously and then boldly, the title of “samoderzhets”, a translation of the Greek “autokrates”, which meant sovereign: that is, a ruler dependent of any external power. The term “Tsar”, an adaptation of ocr english literature a2, Caesar, now also began to disease essay gain currency: it was formally adopted in 1547.  During the century that followed, the rulers of Muscovy came to claim imperial prerogatives on cornwallis essays, the grounds that they were the essay world’s only Orthodox sovereigns and, as such, the world’s only paper true Christian rulers. Disease. However, from the 1470s onward, Russia’s rulers were also addressed by another term, one which survived until 1917: “gosudar”, commonly translated as “sovereign”.
This terminology provides a clue to the patrimonial nature of emergent Russian absolutism. Once they had shaken off Mongol domination, the rulers of Moscow suddenly became sovereigns. They considered their realm as patrimonial property, property inherited from their fathers, for which Russians used the term “votchina”. Thus, it comes as no surprise that both Ivan III (1440–1505) and his son Basil III (1479–1533), like Ivan I before them, continued to refer to Muscovy as their “patrimony” (votchina).  During the reigns of Ivan III, Basil III and Ivan IV, neither privileged status nor private property were tolerated. Thus, the kind of aristocracy seen in Western Europe could not be created. The Boyar Duma (1547-1711), often referred to as “the boyars”, was a royal council. Its officials were invited by the Tsar.
The Duma was not able to take the white initiative to convene and it dealt only with matters that were submitted by essay, the Tsar himself. In sum, the Duma was unable to limit the authority of the Tsars. The “Zemskie sobory”, or Land Assemblies, which are considered to have been founded in 1549 or 1550, were also unable to restrain the Muscovite rulers. The majority of their deputies were government officials appointed by essays contests college students, the crown. Their sole purpose was to essay strengthen the government’s control over the provinces. Thus, the Assemblies never became politically influential institutions like their European counterparts. Cryptography White Paper. In this patrimonial state, the monarchs were free to disease legislate and were confronted by neither private property nor established social estates, which, by their existence, set limits to research white authority. The Birth of the disease essay Conservative Ideology: Muscovy – The Third Rome. In the 330s, Emperor Constantine deserted the Tiber for the Bosphorus and built there a “New Rome”, which became the centre of the seven ecumenical councils and the home of the william Orthodox emperors and patriarchs.  In line with the decision of the Council of Constantinople held in 381, the Byzantines themselves actually regarded their state as the “New Rome”.
For over a thousand years, the “New Rome” dedicated itself to disease essay the duty of preserving three great heritages: the classical Greek, imperial Rome and the church fathers. During that time the empire and the church became so inextricably interrelated that the clergy could not imagine Christianity without the emperor. A corollary of this was the concept that the empire must endure as long as Christianity itself.  In search of Western military assistance against the Ottoman threat, Byzantium agreed at the Council of Florence-Ferrara in 1439 to ocr english literature coursework rejoin the disease essay Catholic Church. Thus, the primacy of the Pope was acknowledged and all doctrinal issues dividing the literature review on buyer two churches were conceded by the Byzantium. This accord was denied and considered as a betrayal of faith by the Russian Orthodox Church. According to Orthodox theology, there could be no Christian church without a secular power to protect it and essay, enforce its teachings; there had to be a “Third Rome” with its own emperor. When Constantinople was conquered in 1453 by the Ottomans, Russia remained the only rightful claimant to the status of Third Rome.  This notion, in turn, led to the development of the theory of Moscow - The Third Rome formulated apparently sometime in review on buyer the 1530s by the monk Filofei (Philotheus).  Filofei articulated his theory in one terse sentence: “Dva Rima padosha, a tretii stoit, a chetvertom ne byti”: “Two Romes have fallen, the third stands, and a fourth there will not be.”  Implicit in that statement was the belief that Russia was destined to rule the world and that the Russian Tsar was the ruler of all humanity.
The responsibility of disease essay, preserving the world’s cultural heritage was now on the shoulders of Muscovy. Even in the 19th century, this religious mission remained one of the comparison essay main springs of Pan-Slavist thinking. With the preparation of The Book of Degrees of the Royal Genealogy ( Stepennaia kniga ) by Metropolitan Macarius  in 1560–1563, Ivan IV was presented as the legitimate heir of the Roman and Byzantine emperors. With the disease essay support of the Church, the Russian rulers were now endowed with unrestrained power and the Church itself came under the full authority and control of the Tsars. Cryptography White Paper. The rulers of Moscow appointed the disease highest of dignitaries and removed them at will. This voluntary subordination of the Russian Church to the state led to the bureaucratisation of the cryptography paper clergy and spared Russia the kind of disease essay, struggle between the ecclesiastical and secular authorities that had afflicted Catholic Europe through much of the Middle Ages. The highly bureaucratised Russian Church also became hostile to essays contests all independent religious thought and condemned all sorts of independent thinking.
Thus, at the beginning of her new autonomous existence, Muscovy was given a sharp thrust towards conservatism and an admonition to watch warily against perverting influences from the outside, especially from Western Europe.  St Petersburg – Russia’s Window to Europe. The name of St Petersburg has been changed three times in history due to the changing political climate in Russia. However, the city is disease, still called simply “Peter” by its residents. Petersburg did not grow up like other towns. Neither commerce nor geopolitics can account for its development. Rather, it was built as a work of amcas, art. Petersburg was conceived as a composition of natural elements – water, stone and sky. Amsterdam and Venice were early inspirations for the layout of the palace-lined canals and embankments. Peter the Great was eclectic in his architectural tastes and borrowed what he liked from Europe’s capitals.
The austere classical baroque style of Petersburg’s churches, which set them apart from Moscow’s brightly coloured onion domes, was a mixture of St Paul’s cathedral in London, St Peter’s in Rome and the single-spired churches of Riga, in disease what is now Latvia.  Important capitals of Europe like London, Paris or Vienna were built over several centuries with the accumulation of a great heritage, tradition and culture, reflecting different styles of diverse periods. However, Petersburg was completed within only fifty years and according to one single set of principles. According to Orlando Figes, St Petersburg was more than a city. It was a vast, almost utopian, project of cultural engineering to reconstruct the contests college students Russian as a European man.  For Dostoyevsky, it was the “most abstract and intentional city in the whole round world”. Disease.  In fact, every detail of the city was intentionally designed for the refusal of “medieval Muscovy” and to compel the essays college Russians to adopt a more European way of life. As Peter conceived it, to become a citizen of Petersburg was to leave behind the “dark” and “backward” customs of the Russian past in Moscow and to essay enter, as a European Russian, the modern Western world of progress and enlightenment.  Laying the literature basis of essay, a modern European state, Peter did not forget the noble class. By establishing a Table of Ranks, which ordered the nobles hierarchically according to their offices, he turned all nobles into cryptography research white paper, servants of the Crown. He also allowed commoners to be given noble status for their service to the state. Thus, Peter’s new aristocracy was defined entirely by its position in the civil and military service, and rights and privileges were set accordingly.
The obsessive regulations introduced by Peter and the “obligatory imitation” of the European way of life gave St Petersburg the image of essay, a hostile and oppressive place. Cryptography Research Paper. Criticism of St Petersburg as a threat to disease the Russian way of life started to play a central role in Russian literature. This criticism was above all seen in Gogol’s novels. Movie Comparison Essay. Gogol’s Petersburg was a cold and disease, cruel city with lonely, haunted figures.  In Dostoevsky’s novel Crime and Punishment (1866), it was the home of criminals and murderers like Raskolnikov. Ocr English Literature Coursework.  The northern capital was an insular world teeming with ambition, where politics, culture and social life were inseparable and a careless remark could make or break a career. The city was, as Peter had intended, Russia’s “window to Europe”. Diplomats and disease essay, emigres played important roles in the society. Ethnic non-Russians filled the upper reaches of government; there were also European tutors and governesses, foreign-language newspapers, Catholic and Protestant churches and foreign scholars in the Imperial Academy of Sciences; finally, many foreign merchants and amcas, well-travelled Russian naval officers lived in the empire’s largest port city. Its location, its European architecture and its Germanic name further strengthened its identity as a bridge between Russia and Europe.  Looking from the architectural perspective, St Petersburg’s characteristic was a perfect synthesis of the Italian and Russian baroque styles. The harmonious network of avenues, squares, canals and parks, which were mostly planned and built by Italian architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli, gave an architectural unity to the city.
Water, through the perfectly designed canals and the Neva River, added lightness to the heavy baroque style and movement to the buildings set along its edge. Disease Essay. While the golden spire of the amcas ap coursework Admiralty became the topographical centre of the city, Falconet’s equestrian statute of Peter the Great, The Bronze Horseman, became the “new emblem” of Russia’s destiny. Rivalry between Moscow and St Petersburg: A Comparison of the Distinct. Characters of the disease Two Cities. A) Architectural Distinctions. As St Petersburg was intentionally built for the sole purpose of forcing the Russians to adopt the European way of amcas ap coursework, life, its architecture also resembled an adoption of the essay Western cities. Its style was dictated by European fashion, whereas Moscow had a distinct rural atmosphere. Following the students construction of St Petersburg, the population of Moscow fell drastically.
It had been reduced to a provincial capital and maintained that image until the middle of the disease 19th century. According to the Empress Catherine, Moscow was a symbol of review on buyer, fanaticism while St Petersburg symbolised progress and civilisation. When in the early 1770s a part of Moscow had to be burned due to the Black Death, which swept through the city, Catherine saw an opportunity to reconstruct Moscow in the European style. Essay. However, this grand project could not be realised due to financial insufficiencies. When the contests flames of the big fire of 1812 swallowed the city, a large construction process started. This was another chance to rebuild the essay city in a European style following the example of ocr english a2, St Petersburg. Yet during this grand reconstruction process, the planners of the city did not try to imitate Western cities. They rather successfully mixed the European design with the distinctive Russian style. Moscow’s architectural character was defined largely by the Russian provinces.
Being located on the crossroads of Europe and disease essay, the Asiatic steppe, it had absorbed these diverse influences and comparison, created its own distinctive style. The streets of Moscow reflected a mixture of oriental customs, colours and disease essay, motifs. The poet Konstantin Batiushkov saw the city as a “bizarre mix” of East and West. In the image of Moscow one could still make out the influence of Genghiz Khan. Moscow’s semi-oriental nature was given full expression in the so-called neo-Byzantine style of architecture that dominated its reconstruction in the 1830s and 1840s. The architecture mixed elements of the neo-Gothic and medieval Russian styles with Byzantine and classical motifs.  The city also imposed its style on its provinces. Many provinces, Kazan being the most remarkable example, adopted the literature coursework a2 architecture of Moscow as a model. Moscow’s role as the cultural capital of the disease essay Russian provinces was thus confirmed.
B) Europeanisation versus Isolation. In an attempt to achieve his ambitious goal to create a continental military power and a European Russia, Peter the Great travelled to European cities. Hiding his identity, he worked as an contests students, ordinary shipbuilder in Holland to learn new maritime technologies. Following his return, he started an essay, enforced adaptation process of European models of navy, military schools, law and Table of Ranks (civil service), which he believed to ap coursework be necessary for essay Russia to become a modern European state. Pioneering the Westernisation process, Peter dressed in Western clothes, shaved his beard and did not strictly follow the religious duties of the Orthodox Church. He hated everything that Moscow symbolised: archaic culture, superstition, religious fanaticism and william cornwallis, resentment of the West. The Petrine Revolution  in Russian culture and politics created a contrast between Moscow and disease, St Petersburg. While St Petersburg symbolised everything about Westernisation, Moscow was the ap coursework symbol of the historical and cultural isolation of Russia from Europe.
The Renaissance and the Reformation, which swept the whole of Europe, did not have any influence on Muscovy. It took no part in maritime discoveries or the disease essay scientific revolutions of the literature review behavior early modern era. It had no great cities in the European sense, no universities or public schools apart from monastery academies and no real middle class. The projection of Russia into Europe has always been the “raison d’etre” of St Petersburg. It was not simply Peter’s “window on Europe” – as Pushkin once described the capital – but an open doorway through which Europe entered Russia and the Russians made their entry into the world. 
C) Contrasting Ideologies. Russia’s cultural turn away from Europe accelerated during the reign of Nicholas I.  The Tsar and his ideologists felt sympathy towards the Slavophile doctrine that associated Russia with the eastern traditions of Byzantium. This departure of Russia from the European tradition led to the re-emergence of Moscow as the “genuine capital” of disease, Russia. This conscious rejection of Europeanisation and return to the ancient native traditions was soon mythologised as a national renaissance. The ideological confrontation between the Westernisers and the Slavophiles laid the basis of the opposition between Moscow and St Petersburg. For the Westernisers, Petersburg was the symbol of their Europe-oriented ideas for Russia. The Slavophiles, however, idealised Moscow, whose way of life was more provincial and movie, was closer to the habits of the Russian people. For them, the customs and traditions of the old Rus’ were embodied in Moscow, reflecting the real Russian character. D) The Role of Religion.
Muscovy was the religious centre of disease essay, Russia while St Petersburg symbolised a modern secular European state. Reflecting the spiritual traditions of the literature Eastern Church back to Byzantium, Moscow resembled the medieval culture of central Europe. The dominance of the church impeded all sorts of essay, secular movements that had taken shape in Europe with the Renaissance and Reformation. The focal point of the Russian Orthodox Church was the icons, and it was hostile to the development of other forms of art like literature, painting, sculpture or instrumental music. St Basil’s of Red Square symbolised the triumphant restoration of the Orthodox traditions of Byzantium and set in stone the ap coursework imperial mission of Moscow as the disease essay capital of the religious crusade that was set out in the doctrine of Moscow as the Third Rome. The double-headed eagle of the literature review behavior Byzantine emperors, which is currently the symbol of Russia, was added by disease essay, Moscow’s princes to their coat of arms. Ap Coursework. As was explained above, the support of the Russian Orthodox Church was fundamental to Moscow’s emergence as the mother city of Holy Rus’. Disease Essay. The Church marked the enemies of Moscow as the enemies of Christ.
The union of Moscow and Orthodoxy was cemented in the churches and ocr english coursework, the monasteries. Moscow was a centre of the Old Believers, who radically opposed reform in the Russian Church. Moscow’s messianic destiny as the Third Rome and the last true seat of essay, Orthodoxy was the centre of literature on buyer, their faith. Living in enclosed communities, they were hostile to the influences of the West and any innovations from the outside world. They regarded Peter as the Antichrist, and thus St Petersburg was considered by them as “the kingdom of the Devil”. E) The Images of the Two Cities in Russian Literature. The liberation of the nobles from disease obligatory state service in 1762 opened the essays contests college door to Europe for the curious Russian gentry. Visiting European capitals like London, Paris, Amsterdam and Vienna, they started to question Russia’s place in Europe. The virtues of the disease distinctive Russian character started to be reflected especially in travel writing. Coursework. Dostoevsky used the terms “corrupt, materialist and disease essay, egoistical” to describe Europe.  This lexicon started to paper be frequently seen in the works of Russian writers, the Slavophiles being the foremost among them. For Dostoevsky, it was Russia’s messianic mission and destiny to save the fallen West.
In the disease eyes of these writers, St Petersburg, as the symbol of the essays contests college students European Russia, was the centre of corruption, foreign artifice, alien conventions and essay, pretension. They idealised Moscow as the symbol of real Russian character and amcas, soul, uncorrupted by civilisation or artificial European influences. Disease Essay. Especially in the national narrative of the 19th century, the old romantic ideal of native soil placed Moscow at essays, the centre of the image of “pure Russia with real Russian virtues”. In sum, Moscow, in a sense, became the antithesis of St Petersburg in Russian literature. F) The Impact of the disease essay French Revolution and a2, War with France. During the disease essay reign of Catherine II, the influence of French culture on william cornwallis, the upper class of disease essay, St Petersburg was felt even more strongly. The “Voltaireanism” of Catherine gave St Petersburg society a rationalist and sceptical view of life that was at odds with the sentimentalism and mysticism common in Moscow.  However, everything changed with the cornwallis essays French Revolution. The bloodshed caused by disease, the Jacobin reign of terror following the revolution of 1789 created dismay and reaction among the Russian gentry, who believed in literature coursework the supremacy of French culture and idealised the French way of life. The belief that France was the centre of essay, civilisation, progress and enlightenment soon faded away. The once Francophile nobility became opponents of France, consciously striving to liberate themselves from the intellectual empire of the movie French. The use of French words, which was once common among Russian nobles, was now creating reactions even in the salons of St Petersburg.
The Russian government finally broke off relations with revolutionary France. Moscow’s importance increased and its place as a symbol of essay, everything “Russian in the real sense” was further strengthened following the French revolution. When Russia went to war with France in 1805, Moscow’s indisputable place as the “heart of Russia” was confirmed. Before the Battle of Borodino, Napoleon Bonaparte is believed to have said: “If I take Kiev, I will take Russia’s legs, if I take Saint Petersburg, I'll take its head. But if I take Moscow, I’ll take its heart”. G) The Role of the Noble Classes.
With Moscow being the former capital of Russia, the majority of its elite and review on buyer behavior, intelligentsia was brought up in an ancestral patriarchal tradition. Despite being distant from St Petersburg, this elite, through friends and disease, relatives serving in the St Petersburg bureaucracy and military ranks, had a sensible influence in politics. While the St Petersburg aristocracy represented the European fashion, the presence of wealthy nobles and the provincial gentry brought to Moscow the traditional attitudes of the william cornwallis essays countryside. Governmental measures emanated from Petersburg, but the way to understand and evaluate them, and to judge them, was determined in Moscow, along with their moral power. Much more than Petersburg, Moscow remained the centre of the country’s spiritual life, and it approached politics with a defiant spirit of disease essay, nationalism and fronde  . Dominance of Moscow in Current Politics in Russia: The Victory of Autocracy Over. The foundation of St Petersburg and the enforced process of Europeanisation (or Westernisation) caused by the Petrine Revolution in Russian culture created an uncertainty on the part of the amcas Russian nation about its place in disease essay Europe. This ambivalence, embodied in contests college students the characters of its two capitals, is still continuing in Russia today. Living in the crossroads of Europe and Asia, the Russians have never been quite sure if they belong to the East or to the West.
During the essay reign of movie essay, Peter, the upper classes of St Petersburg were forced to imitate the European way of life, while Moscow remained the symbol of real Russian character and soul. During the ideological clash of the disease Cold War era, Russia remained isolated from Europe, reminiscentof the days of essays contests students, medieval Muscovy. Since the collapse of the former Soviet Union in 1991, Russian academics, policy-makers, philosophers and bureaucrats have been trying to develop a new concept that could play a guiding role in building a new and powerful Russia. Disease Essay. In the current debate on how to accomplish the revival of Russia as a great power, the Westernisers and the conservatives constitute two opposing poles. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, there have been important developments that strengthened the college position of the conservative camp against the Westernisers. The war in Chechnya, the disease essay eastward enlargement of review behavior, NATO along Russia’s western borders, the disease American military bases in movie comparison essay Central Asia, the orange revolutions liberating ex-Soviet countries from Moscow’s orbit, Washington’s missile defence shield project that includes some central and eastern European countries, the violent terrorist attacks of Chechen radicals in various Russian cities, the war in Georgia and most recently the disease essay incidents of December 2010 played an important role in the rise of conservative and cornwallis essays, nationalist feelings.
The increasing involvement of the Russian Orthodox Church in politics has also played an important role in the strengthening of conservatism in Russia. The Russian Orthodox Church, whose centre has been Moscow since 1325–1326  , played the key role in disease essay empowering the Russian Tsars with unrestrained and indisputable strength, and this fact contributed to the strengthening of conservative Muscovy. Today, we observe that t he Putin administration receives the open support of the Orthodox Church, an echo of the type of cooperation between the Church and white paper, the Tsars of Muscovite Russia. This revival of the Russian Orthodox Church and disease essay, its increasing influence in current Russian politic marks the defining role of Moscow, and thus the conservative orientation of the Russian state. The influence of the cryptography research white conservative nationalist circles inside the Kremlin no doubt plays a defining role in the anti-Western authoritarianism and autocracy that is currently prevailing in Russian politics. Putin, a cautious personality with a KGB background, has a circle of advisers comprised of tiny groups with strong nationalist ideology.
The best known of these groups is the “Siloviki” (men of power), which deals with issues of national security and international affairs. The Siloviki are mostly officials with military or KGB backgrounds who dominate the country’s security and intelligence ministries and believe in absolute state control of economic, political and social life in Russia. Disease Essay. They are mostly from coursework St Petersburg since Putin usually recruits from his native city when filling key posts in the state apparatus and state-controlled corporations. It is ironic that the Siloviki, despite having mostly St Petersburg origins, do not reflect the Western-oriented ideology of their native city. The leader of the Petersburg Siloviki – and the third most powerful man in Russia after Putin himself and President Dmitry Medvedev – is Deputy Prime Minister Igor Sechin, who is sometimes referred to disease as the “Russian Richelieu”  because of his control over a diverse network of officials and bureaucrats. Following the advent of ap coursework, President Dmitry Medvedev, the disease essay concerns of the Siloviki network started to william essays grow. Medvedev, despite being a protege of the disease Siloviki and a native of St Petersburg, does not have a KGB background. He is a civilian who represents a more liberal portrait than the aggressive rhetoric and tone of Putin’s Siloviki.
President Medvedev, in his first days in office, stripped Defence Minister Sergey Ivanov of his title as “First Deputy Prime Minister”. This sudden demotion of Defence Minister Ivanov was regarded as a challenge to the Siloviki. Medvedev continued his liberal approach by inviting pro-democracy activists to the Kremlin for tea and giving interviews in the liberal media. Whereas the Prime Minister defined the college democrats as “jackals begging around foreign embassies,” President Medvedev treated them with marked respect. Medvedev’s push for modernisation, innovation and the rule of law, juxtaposed against the sound resistance shown by the Siloviki to the “Europeanisation” of politics in disease essay Russia, reminds us of the days of Peter the research white Great when St Petersburg symbolised modernisation and civilisation while Moscow was the symbol of conservatism and anti-Europeanism. The victory of Putin in the Presidential elections of 4 March 2012 brings us to the conclusion that the conservative camp, whose ideology is largely shaped by Orthodoxy, autocracy, nationalism and to some extent Slavophilism, will preserve its control over the Russian state and politics in the foreseeable future. Thus, it seems possible to envisage that the disease “central” place of Moscow as the “heart” of Russia and its conservative ideology, which is largely dominating Russian politics today, will remain unchanged in the near future. According to ocr english literature Tolstoy, every Russian considered Moscow as a mother.  Tolstoy’s understanding of Moscow’s central place for the Russians is even more clearly defined in a Russian proverb, “Petersburg is our head, Moscow is our heart - - , – ” .  .. , .. , , , 2010 , p. 138.  The V.I.
Lenin Museum was founded on the decision of the 13th Party Congress on disease, 31 May 1924 as a department of the Lenin Institute. On 15 May 1936, the Central Museum of V.I. Lenin was opened for william essays visitors. Essay. In the almost 70 years of its existence the Lenin Museum was a powerful centre of propaganda for the ideas of Marxism-Leninism and for the formation of students, intellectual and emotional fidelity to the Communist Party’s policy and activity. On 12 November 1993 by presidential decree, the Central Lenin Museum ceased to exist as an independent historical and cultural institution. At present, the Lenin Museum is a branch of the State Historical Museum and has no exhibition.  In 1713, Peter the Great moved the essay Russian capital from Moscow to ocr english St Petersburg.  , .. , - , 10 , . , , — , 2.2 30 2002 , p. 284, http :// www . rvb . ru / pushkin / toc . htm .  .. , - , p . 285.  , 1153 . , , , - , , 2010 , p. 24.
 Kievan Rus’ ( Russian : ? ) is the name used by Russian historian Nikolai Karamzin for the medieval state of Rus. The state existed from approximately 880 to essay sometime in the middle of the 13th century, when it disintegrated. It was founded by East Slavic tribes and Scandinavian traders ( Varangians ) called “ Rus ’” and william essays, was centred in Novgorod . Disease Essay. The state later included territories stretching south to the Black Sea , east to the Volga and west to the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania .  , 1812 , , 2009 , p. 165.  Count Rostopchin denied accusations that he had ordered the blaze ignited to drive out the French. The fire was most likely accidentally begun by French looters and was fanned by fanatic patriots among the few Russians who had remained behind when Napoleon entered the city. Whatever the ocr english literature coursework a2 cause, the fire sparked an anti-French uprising among the peasants, whose raids, along with the essay cruel winter, helped force Napoleon’s retreat.  See details in , 1812 , pp. 181-223.  Richard Pipes, Russian Conservatism and Its Critics: A Study in Political Culture, Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2005, p. Cryptography White Paper. 13.  Pipes, Russian Conservatism and Its Critics: A Study in Political Culture, p. 14.
 According to disease essay the Appolinarian doctrine, taught by movie essay, Bishop Appolinarius the Younger, bishop of Laodicea in Syria during the 4th century, Jesus was not a man but the “word of God dwelling in the human body”. This transgression caused the capital of true Christianity to shift to Constantinople, where it made its home for disease essay the next nine centuries. This doctrine was condemned as heresy by Roman councils in 377 and in 381 and also by the Council of Constantinople in 381. In spite of its repeated condemnation, Apollinarianism persisted into the 5th century. At that time its remaining adherents merged with the Monophysites, who held that Christ had a divine nature but no human nature, a view articulated in essays the second half of the 4th century by Bishop Appolinarius,  Thornton Anderson, Russian Political Thought: An Introduction, Cornell University Press, New York, 1967, p. Essay. 72.  The first to claim their capital as the heir of Byzantium were the Bulgarians, who as early as the 14th century designated the capital of their empire, Tyrnovo (Tirnova), as the “New Rome.” This claim lapsed in 1393 when Tyrnovo fell to the Turks.  , - 1500- , , - , , 2010 , p. 88.  Pipes, Russian Conservatism and Its Critics: A Study in Political Culture, p. 39.  Anderson, Russian Political Thought: An Introduction, p. 74.
 Orlando Figes, Natasha’s Dance: A Cultural History of Russia, New York, 2002, pp. 7-8.  Figes, Natasha’s Dance: A Cultural History of Russia, p. 10.  Figes, Natasha’s Dance: A Cultural History of Russia, p. 10.  , , 1866,  Alexander M. Martin, Romantics, Reformers, Reactionaries: Russian Conservative Thought and Politics in william the Reign of Alexander I, Northern Illinois University Press, DeKalb, 1997, pp. 57-58.  Figes, Natasha’s Dance: A Cultural History of Russia, p. Disease. 154.  See details in James Cracraft, The Petrine Revolution in Russian Culture, Belknap Press, London, 2004.  Figes, Natasha’s Dance: A Cultural History of literature coursework a2, Russia, p. 61.
 .. , - , 2010.  Martin, Romantics, Reformers, Reactionaries: Russian Conservative Thought and Politics in the Reign of Alexander I, p. 58.  Martin, Romantics, Reformers, Reactionaries: Russian Conservative Thought and disease, Politics in the Reign of Alexander I, p. 59.  In 1299, Maksim, the literature review behavior Metropolitan of Kiev, moved his seat from Kiev to Vladimir to escape the Tatar menace, thus making Vladimir the disease essay seat of the Russian Orthodox Church. It remained there until the reign of Metropolitan Pyotr (1306-1326), when contacts between the william cornwallis essays head of the church in Vladimir, and the Moscow Princes and Grand Princes became closer. In 1325-26, Metropolitan Pyotr (who was canonised in 1339) moved his seat from Vladimir to essay Moscow, thus making Moscow the ecclesiastical center. In the same year, Ivan I (Kalita) laid the foundation stone of the Cathedral of the Dormition, which was the first cathedral to be built in the Kremlin. It was consecrated on 4 August 1427.  Cardinal Richelieu was born in Paris on 9 September 1585. He became the prime minister of France in 1624.
Richelieu argued that the state is above everything, and that religion is a mere instrument to promote the policies of the state. When Richelieu rose to power, France’s King Louis XIII had not yet solidified his authority in France. Richelieu severely punished nobles who plotted against the king and replaced his enemies in the government. Cryptography Research Paper. In addition, he expanded the king’s authority in disease the provinces through the use of royal agents. Richelieu insisted that the king apply the law with severity; otherwise, the state could not survive.
He emphasised that rigorous punishment of even small crimes would forestall greater ones. Cornwallis. Through this reasoning, Richelieu provided his sovereign a rationale for the harsh rule he knew to be requisite for strengthening and maintaining the authority of the French State. Anderson, Thornton. Russian Political Thought An Introduction, Cornell University Press, New. , . ( , , , , , , 1854, , . , 1866, , . Disease Essay. 1153 ., , . , - , , 2010. Figes, Orlando.
Natasha’s Dance A Cultural History of Russia, New York, 2002, p.7-8. M. Martin, Alexander. Review Behavior. Romantics, Reformers, Reactionaries Russian Conservative Thought and. Politics in the Reign of Alexander I , Northern Illinois University Press, DeKalb 1997. .., i .. Disease Essay. , , 2010. Pipes, Richard. Amcas. Russian Conservatism and Its Critics A Study in Political Culture, Yale. University Press, New Haven and London, 2005, p.13. , - , . , . Disease Essay. , 1867, , i , , - . 1500- , , - . , , 2010, p .88. .. , - I : , 2010.
* An?l Cicek - Dr., Head of Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey; completed his post-doctoral research studies at the University of Latvia as a part of the Jean Monnet Scholarship Program and achieved Russian language certificate TRKI–III (advanced level) from the University of St Petersburg. © 2010 , IJORS - INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RUSSIAN STUDIES.
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5 Resume Tips for a Project Manager. Hiring managers are looking for individuals that can wear multiple hats on disease a given day, and white will determine who they call in for an interview based in large part on how well the applicants’ resumes match up to these needs. Disease Essay. One essential to a project manager title is the research paper, ability to shift focus and essay essentially demonstrate that in an interview. Experience is one of the biggest advantages applicants have for this position. Certification and education is william essays, also important, and should be highlighted alongside your professional experience and achievements. With this in mind, there is a whole host of essay specific hard and soft skills that hiring managers are specifically looking for. In this article, we’ll go over five resume tips for project managers. The format of essays college students your resume matters, as does the order in disease essay which items are presented. Since project management is a skill and experience heavy position, you want to literature on buyer choose a resume format that emphasizes these qualifications. Disease. While a functional resume might seem to be the obvious choice, a hybrid of chronological format is more likely to be well received by movie, a hiring manager in disease essay today’s market. Functional resumes emphasize experience and skills, however they do so in a way that leaves hiring managers wary of the actual qualifications of the applicant as it is movie, commonly used to hide employment gaps and cover up lack of direct experience in the position.
A chronological resume is the go-to standard and has been for some time. Disease Essay. It allows you to list the positions you’ve had over the past 5-10 years in cryptography paper reverse chronological order, listing your responsibilities, qualifications, and achievements in each position. A hybrid resume format gives you a great way to display specific qualifications and skills while still giving that important chronological work history hiring managers expect. Emphasize Hard Skills. Hard skills are vital a project manager.
You use them every day, and a good project manager will continue to grow their list of disease hard skills throughout their career. These skills range from practical and coursework a2 general to task-oriented. Whether you’re a project manager that specializes in construction, IT, or other industries, having hard skills that align with the position you are applying for is key to your success. You can get a really good idea of the hard skills a hiring manager is looking for by reading the job posting carefully. Highlight proper nouns such as specific software applications or propriatary systems. If any of these apply to you, find a way to work them in your resume. Either list them along with examples of essay your achievements in your work history or bring them in research white your qualifications summary if you are going with a hybrid resume format.
Certifications are a great way to disease essay prove hard skills outside of education and direct experience. Essays. We’ll get into certifications in essay more detail later on. Soft skills are the bread and butter of a project manager. These include skills that are difficult to train, such as personality traits like patience and quick thinking. For project managers in particular, skills such as organization and accountability. Movie Comparison. Find a way to include soft skills in your resume as directly as possible. Generally, these are implied, however modern resume tracking software depends on keywords to filter out candidates. Consider listing soft skills and following them with an example from your work experience. For example, here is disease, a bullet point from on buyer a job in a resume work history.
Accountability: Created a simple and straightforward metrics system for tracking and developing project participants resulting in a 25% increase in team efficiency. Disease Essay. Soft skills are sought after by employers for a number of a2 reasons. They are difficult to train, unlike hard skills, and hiring a candidate that is able to demonstrate their ability to meet this criteria is a good thing for the company. Disease. It helps to list projects you’ve worked on within your work history, but going too far into william cornwallis, detail can make the hiring manager’s eyes glaze over. Think about the stories you can tell in the interview! List the most important and relevant projects in your work history. Focus on one or two bullet points (at most) for each of them, or even just a brief description of essay a single sentence. Keywords are more important that details.
Remember that resume software has filters that narrow down candidates before the hiring manager even gets a chance to look at your resume. Your challenge is to pack as many job-specific keywords as possible into your resume without making it long-winded or off topic. Here are the only questions that you should feel compelled to answer regarding a project in your resume: What was your role in the project? What made the project a success? What was the size of your team? Resumes should be one or two pages at most.
You really only have up to 30 seconds to earn an interview spot here, and your resume should be able to convey the important details in less than that time. Certifications, education, and other knowledge-based qualifications are a great thing to have, and comparison should be included in your resume. Unless you are working with a high school diploma and work experience alone, a certifications and/or education section on your resume is a great thing to have. Disease. IT project managers, for example, often have to have at least a working knowledge of the systems they’re overseeing development for. Having a certification in those systems is a big plus in the eyes of many companies. If you don’t have certifications, think about obtaining some.
If you have a job already that provides free or incentivised classes and/or certification tests, these could prove useful in future job searches. Any additional training is a plus, especially when dealing with large companies that hire based on white firm qualifications. Online classes through respected providers, any personal-time projects that relate to the job you’re wanting, and more could be worth mentioning in essay either the resume or the cover letter to comparison essay increase your chances. Scan your Project Manager Resume and job description here:
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Essay On Apple Tree Essays and Research Papers. “The Apple Tree ” Essay Prep Literature and Your Life Reader’s Response: Were you surprised by the ending? . Why or why not? Thematic Focus: Why do you think that eagerly anticipated events so often fail to live up to disease, people’s expectations? Written Discussion: Discuss why the children mislead their father about the taste of the essays contests college students, apple . What would you have done in disease, that situation? Why? Check Your Comprehension 1. William Cornwallis Essays! What does the friend from England tell the disease essay, father about the apple. Adam and Eve , Apple , Forbidden fruit 592 Words | 3 Pages. Apple From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the fruit. Coursework A2! For the disease, technology . company, see Apple Inc..
For the apple genus, see Malus. For other uses, see Apple (disambiguation). Apple tree redirects here. For other uses, see Apple tree (disambiguation). Apple A typical apple Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): . Apple , Flowering plant , Fruit 379 Words | 3 Pages.
Analysis of “ Apple Tree ” (extract) John Galsworthy is an English writer of william essays XIX-XX centuries famous for disease The Forsyte Saga and essays students he . won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1932. It is important to know, that he started his literary career with long short stories, and The Apple Tree , which was published in disease, 1917, is one of the most popular by Galsworthy. This extract does not say anything in literature coursework a2, particular about the whole story, but we can see very vividly the beginning of certain kind of events. Basically. Antagonist , Apple , Character 1177 Words | 3 Pages. BookRags Student Essay Ashurt's Two Loves For the online version of disease essay Ashurt's Two Loves Essay , including complete copyright . information, please visit: http://www.bookrags.com/ essay -2006/5/23/1213/42321/ Copyright Information ©2000-2012 BookRags, Inc. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
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F. Disease Essay! Sionil Jose , The Rosales Saga 1955 Words | 5 Pages. Abstract As Apple surpassed all major competitors and had spectacular success in 2010, it left CEO Steve Jobs wondering if there was anything . that could overturn the drive. Ocr English Literature Coursework A2! “ Apple Inc. in 2010”, is an evaluation case. Essay! This case will be further discussed using the state-and-prove order using the following five elements: 1. Bottom-line evaluation (position statement) 2. Evaluation criteria 3. Proof of the movie, evaluation 4. Qualifications 5. Action plan Position Statement Apple’s. Apple Inc. Disease Essay! , IPhone , IPhone OS 2498 Words | 7 Pages. Philippines, Tree was the cornwallis essays, story about an unnamed Filipino boy, the son of a plantation manager and “subjugator of essay other Filipinos”, who . grew up in an Ilocano town known as Rosales, Pangasinan. He was surrounded by acquaintances beneath his social class, relatives, and servants. He was described as a youth who “searched for parental love” and a “place in a society with rigid class structures”. He was also the amcas ap coursework, grandson of the landlord protagonized by disease Jose in the novel Po-on. William Essays! In Tree , the essay, boy narrated. Dissociative identity disorder , Filipino people , Philippines 1138 Words | 3 Pages. What are your observations of Walking on the Moon? “Walking on the moon” is an informative essay by David Scott.
He has written this . essay to william cornwallis, tell us about his adventure of visiting the moon for disease essay three days. He has used a number of metaphors to make this essay interesting and attractive. SUMMARY A guy has been picking apples all day up on a ladder. He hasn't picked every last apple , but night is literature on buyer, coming and essay he is tired. He remembers the strange vision he had that morning when he looked at a bunch. Apple , Apple cider , Sleep 2156 Words | 6 Pages. Direct Marketing, Electronic Media. Essays Contests! These forms are all used to reach out to an audience to disease, help promote a product or service.
Below, I have prepared an william essays . overview of Apple Inc.’s IMC strategy. Advertising Apple Inc. has an impressive image to uphold and disease essay their advertisements certainly add more value to the product itself. Since Apple Inc. is an electronic technology company their advertising campaigns deal heavily with Internet mediums and television commercials. My personal favorite are the “Mac. Apple Inc. , Apple Store , IPhone 1778 Words | 7 Pages. ? Apple Inc. Apple has shown innovative courses for the past decades and its success was possible because it has held on to . its core competence. Apple outsourced its manufacturing products, but developed product inside the company in secrecy.
Even though Apple threw its software platform open, it still limits the distribution of applications possible only through its App Store. Apple distinguishes what core is and what non-core technology is. It is their business model that it takes advantage. Apple Inc. , Innovation , IPhone 792 Words | 3 Pages. New Criticism on research, Poison Tree “A Poison Tree is rightly an extended metaphor to describe the poet's mental and essay emotional . attitude towards enemy and the conflict between his inner and cornwallis essays appearances. We use a metaphor when we use word to mean something different. Thus the poet has use the word tree not to describe the common green tree with green leaves and branches, but he means the great hatred that he has for his enemy. So we know that the central conflict in the poem is disease essay, probably between friendship. 2007 albums , Anger , Meter 1272 Words | 4 Pages. Individual Case Study: Apple Inc. 9.20.13 Apple , arguably the most valuable company in the world, from the perspective of contests college . Disease! market capitalization, has a unique business model and compelling strategy that allows the company to flourish regardless of competition, economic hard times, and changing societal trends.
A top pick among consumers, Apple is undoubtedly a powerhouse in the electronic, software, and entertainment industries all of which are venues by which Apple has grown, developed, and. Apple Inc. White Paper! , IPhone , IPhone OS 1147 Words | 5 Pages. From Failure to Success Since its inception in 1976, Apple Inc. Disease Essay! has been largely successful and has experienced incredible expansion. . Cryptography Paper! Technological innovation, appealing product lines, and a focus on superior customer service have all contributed significantly to the growth that Apple has enjoyed over the years. Even the disease essay, strongest companies experience major missteps as seen by Apple’s Power Mac PC supply chain disaster of 1995. Despite the detrimental consequences at the time, this disaster led. Apple Inc. , Gil Amelio , Inventory 1615 Words | 5 Pages. William Shakespeare Literature (Other) Home Arts Humanities Literature Poets Poetry Poetry analysis: A Poison Tree , . by William Blake Top Article All 2 Articles 1 of 2 by cornwallis essays Raina Lorring Writing Level StarWriting Level Star Created on: May 24, 2012 Last Updated: May 27, 2012 William Blake’s “A Poison Tree ” makes a powerful statement about how the poet felt conflict should be handled.
In his poem, Blake warns about the ill effects of holding. Anger , Emotion , Fear 648 Words | 3 Pages. organization can use the cost or differentiation strategy across an disease essay industry or it can focus its strategy on review on buyer, a particular industry segment. . Apple engages in better product/service across the industry, because Apple values their customer’s visits and loyalty. Apples retail stores have a very modern look to them and appeal to many people from young to disease essay, old. Apple is always coming out with a better/newer product that can bring more customers in. Porter’s four competitive strategies are described as an. Apple , Management , Product 880 Words | 3 Pages. SYNOPSIS : MARKET STUDY ON APPLE INC. USA In the changed business scenario where organizations are required to compete globally, benchmar . KEks have become global, organizations survival and excellence requires not only essays students meeting local but also global standards. Thus, aim of the companies is not just restricted to their survival but also generation of revenue and establish themselves distinctive from others as an international brand. Apple is one of the leaders when it comes to Innovation in.
Apple Inc. , Apple Store , Brand 1218 Words | 5 Pages. The Tree of Knowledge It is important for society to find a reliable source of disease essay knowledge, as it is a powerful factor which helps society to . attain success. As a good example of the significance of knowledge for amcas society, the Tree of disease Knowledge from the Garden of Eden represents, not just a source of review behavior absolute knowledge, but how desperately human nature seeks that perfect source. However, the Tree of Knowledge does not exist in the real world. Thus, society is facing a problem of finding the most effective.
Belief , Civilization , Experience 1649 Words | 5 Pages. 1-Explain Apple `s business and IT strategy .What , in Specific , aspect in the strategy you believe boosted apple ? illustrate . Disease Essay! . Apple starts as a computer manufacture , they have a mission to make the computer easy to use by people , in their early commencement they became a leader in computer market . However , this success collapse due to ocr english a2, high cost compared with the competitors who have cheap computers that which led Apple `s to disease, many loss in many periods . After that Apple come again with. Apple Inc. , IPad , IPhone 1868 Words | 6 Pages. Apple Inc. is the ap coursework, largest publicly traded company in the world by market capitalization. Disease Essay! Overtopping ExxonMobil by some $60 billion, (CNN, . 2012) as well as the largest technology company in the world by revenue and profit, worth more than Google and Microsoft combined. (Appleinsider.com, 2012)Fortune magazine named Apple the college, most admired company in the United States in 2008, and in the world from 2008 to 2011.All these facts caused my interest in studying in disease essay, Apple Inc.’s backgrounds, financial data. Apple Inc. , IPhone , IPhone OS 2101 Words | 6 Pages. background: Apple is an American multinational corporation that manufactures, designs, markets and sells mobile communication and media . William! devices, digital music players, personal computers, consumer electronics and disease softwares and provides related services. Movie! The company’s variety of products such as Ipod music player, which has been an experience for Apple in disease essay, dramatic growth since 2001, Ipad, Imac, Apple TV, professional software support and essays application through Itunes store, IBooks store, Apple Store, compatible. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPad 1976 Words | 7 Pages. ?The Brand Without the brand, Apple would be dead, Gobe said.
He tells how brands have established deep, lasting bonds with their customers. . Apple , of course, is the archetypal emotional brand. It's not just intimate with its customers; it is loved. Apple is about imagination, design and disease essay innovation; Gobe argued that, in some cases, branding has become as powerful as religion”. Research shows that Apple triggers a religious reaction from certain consumers. Of course when it’s considered as. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPhone 1063 Words | 3 Pages. Apple Inc.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article is about the ocr english coursework, technology company. For other companies named . Apple , see Apple (disambiguation). Disease Essay! Coordinates: 37.33182°N 122.03118°W Apple Inc. Cryptography Research White! Type Public Traded as NASDAQ: AAPL NASDAQ-100 component SP 500 component Industry Computer hardware Computer software Consumer electronics Digital distribution Founded April 1, 1976 (incorporated January 3, 1977) Founder(s) Steve Jobs Steve Wozniak Ronald Wayne . Apple Inc. Essay! , Cupertino, California , IPad 451 Words | 3 Pages. ? Apple Learning Team D BIS 320 04/14/2014 Greg Chavarria Apple Apple Inc. is a consumer’s . electronics company that was first founded by Steve Jobs, Ronald Wayne and Steve Wozniak on April 1, 1976 in cryptography white, Cupertino, CA. Apple Inc. is known for designing innovative and essay cutting edge consumer electronics, software, applications, phones, and essays college students personal computers etc. Disease! What makes Apple successful is how the founders are able to keep up with technology without sacrificing the company objectives. Apple Inc. , Mac OS , Mac OS X 1117 Words | 4 Pages.
Independent Study Unit: Apple Tree Course/ code: Biology, Grade 11/ SBI 3U This paper will examine apple . trees by categorizing them through the following classifications, the william essays, vascular system, structures, its responses, practicality, and ecological importance which will be presented in a topical manner. Classification The classification of plants is the understanding of the relationships and similarities between plants. It is essay, important to identify unknown species, to group or assign names. Apple , Apples , Flowering plant 2810 Words | 7 Pages. ? Apple Inc. Ahmet Bayram BUS101 Steven Starks Nov, 25 2011 The best way to get to the essence of any . company is by evaluating its priorities and that is what Apple Inc. has done to our market is that they have become innovators in our generation. Comparison! Apple is the essay, largest tech company in the world. With their vast distribution network and strong brand recognition they’ve experienced large growth in share price, revenues, and income.
Apple has almost single-handedly. App Store , Apple Inc. Contests Students! , IPhone 2011 Words | 9 Pages. chapters four, five and ten the next assignment is to read case 14: Apple Inc. in 2012 on pages C-187– C-197 in essay, the back of textbook Business . Policy and Strategy. After obtaining the research white paper, information it is disease, required that a paper be written based on the six questions listed with the assignment. The chief elements of Apple's competitive strategy is that it is a different strategy through industry leading improvement. Due to this strategy Apple had a great fit while been a standing as the leader in new. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPad 796 Words | 3 Pages. Sampson Cockrell English 4 12/16/2012 Creation of Apple Corporation Technology is the world’s leading industry today because of the william essays, fact . that it has changed society in every field. Well, why has computer technology prospered through recent years? The answer is very simple, Apple Inc.
Apple products have a significant impact on our society due to their stellar design and unique shape, their durability, and their many creative applications. Disease Essay! Apple computer was founded on April 1st, 1976 by Steven Jobs. Apple II series , Apple Inc. , IPhone 1369 Words | 4 Pages. Apple What are the five marketing management orientations? 1. The Production Concept The production concept holds that consumers . will favor products that are available and highly affordable, and that management should therefore focus on improving production and literature on buyer distribution efficiency. This concept is one of the essay, oldest philosophies that guide sellers. The production concept is a useful philosophy in two types of literature on buyer behavior situation.
The first occurs when the demand for disease essay a product exceeds the cryptography research white, supply. App Store , Apple Inc. , Better 611 Words | 3 Pages. ? Apple Inc. Essay! has long been a leader in the consumer electronics industry. Apple’s success has lead to fierce rivalries from competitors . wanting a piece of the growing industry. Two of Apple’s most notable rivalries are with Samsung and Google. It is cryptography paper, worth noting that for the majority of Apple’s existence, Microsoft had been seen as their biggest competitor. Although Microsoft is still a competitor, Samsung and Google’s successful entry into mobile consumer electronics has left Microsoft lagging. Apple Inc. , Apple Store , Consumer 1447 Words | 4 Pages.
The Giving Tree The Giving Tree is a story about the disease, relationship between a boy and a tree . When the boy was . young, the tree and he became really good friends. The tree is like a provider for comparison the boy and always gives him what he needs, such as vines to swing from, shade to sit in, apples to eat, branches to build a house, a trunk to disease essay, build a boat and a stump to sit on. As the boy got older, the tree would allow the boy to mutilate her and take her branches, apples , and trunk. The tree let the william cornwallis, boy. Happiness , Love , Meaning of life 1445 Words | 3 Pages. Star Apple Leaves (Investigatory Project) Presented by: Andrada, Zairah B. Submitted to: Mr. . Loveroy Hipolito Duran, John Robert Ms. Disease Essay! Erika Cid Pulido, Kim Joy Rapiz, Jannie May Luchavez, Joe Mart Galacio, Eldie CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION We made this study about. Americas , Apple , Caribbean 677 Words | 4 Pages. reputation and awareness Apple Inc. has developed both band equity and brand awareness among the literature review behavior, consumers in the electronic industry for . nearly forty years.
The brand equity of Apple Inc. will allow iwatch to be priced at a high rate due to the value the consumer will place in the product. Current Apple user and potential Apple consumers will want to buy an iwatch due to essay, their brand awareness to Apple Inc. They have used more than one device of Apple , and they think that Apple fulfill their physical. Apple Inc. Comparison Essay! , IPhone , IPhone OS 1208 Words | 4 Pages. Star Apple Chrysophyllum cainito L. Description Origin and disease essay Distribution Varieties Climate Soil Propagation Culture Harvesting . Yield Keeping Quality Pests and Diseases Food Uses Toxicity Other Uses One of the relatively minor fruits of the family Sapotaceae, the star apple or goldenleaf tree , Chrysophyllum cainito L. (syn. Amcas! Achras caimito Ruiz Pavon), has acquired a moderate assortment of regional names. Disease! In Spanish, it is usually caimito or estrella; in research paper, Portuguese, cainito or. Apple , Chrysophyllum , Chrysophyllum cainito 1824 Words | 7 Pages. LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION SELECTED POEM IN ENGLISH BIS 3063 POEM ANALYSIS: AN APPLE OF DEEDS BY STEFANIE NATASHA RICH An . apple Dropped on his head He discovered gravity! An apple Munched by him i-technologies was born Say hello to the world An apple Swallowed by disease essay everyone And the doctors cried out loud An apple Munched by her then him Oh my Goodbye Eden Say hello to william cornwallis essays, the world So, an apple , anyone?
Introduction Stephanie Natasha Rich is a Semester 8 TESL program. Adam and essay Eve , Apple , Apple Inc. 2042 Words | 6 Pages. Apples Versus Oranges - Comparative Essay. Apples versus Oranges Apples versus Oranges Whenever there is a comparison between two objects that are not the same, it is . said that you are trying to compare apples and oranges. The phrase has been used extensively in white paper, many debates worldwide but how exactly do apples and oranges stack up side by essay side?
This paper will attempt to compare apples to oranges to on buyer behavior, determine how compatible they are. The most basic difference between the disease essay, battling fruit is the color. Apples come in red, green and yellow. Apple , Apples and oranges , Eating 803 Words | 3 Pages. Subject: Write an explication of After Apple Picking. Essays Students! Robert Frost's poem, After Apple -Picking, describes the personal . reflections of an elderly man who lives on an apple orchard.
This old man has lived a good life, and now must contemplate its quality and meaning. Disease Essay! By performing an honest assessment of his past, the old man is better able to essay, accept his inevitable future. Essay! The first six lines of essays contests college this poem develop the situation in which the speaker has found himself. He has led a long and. Apple , Hibernation , Meaning of life 889 Words | 3 Pages. Apple Versus Android Comparitive Essay.
popular brands seem to essay, create an argument on choosing the right phone, Apple and Android. Each with impressively fast processors, and new and . Essays Contests College Students! innovative technology, there brings up a valid question, which brand is right for you? The first generation of the Apple iPhone was released in 2007. Ever since 2007, there have been five generations of the iPhone, with the newest being released in October of 2012. With being an Apple fan as well as an owner to an iPhone, I personally encourage people to. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPhone 1013 Words | 3 Pages.
The Life Cycle of Apple Trees:Apple trees rest in winter. Essay! On the branches are buds, some of which contain leaves and others that contain five . flowers. During spring, the amcas ap coursework, leaf buds unfold and flower buds begin to essay, grow on the ends of the on buyer behavior, twigs. Honeybees are attracted to the apple flowers by nectar and the scent of the petals. As the disease, bee collects nectar, it also picks up pollen.
When the william essays, bee lands on a flower on disease essay, another tree , it brushes against the pistil of the flower, leaving pollen grains on the. Flower , Flowering plant , Fruit 724 Words | 3 Pages. industries which were literally transformed by Jobs and his colleagues. Many of these contributions were radical, paradigm-shifting transformations bringing . about societal changes. For example, the Macintosh and the earlier Apple II established the notion of home computing. While Apple was not the first microcomputer, it was the first intended for a mass audience, not solely for “hardware hobbyists,” as Jobs called them in william cornwallis essays, the video, Steve Jobs: The Lost Interview, which came out in 2012. The Mac. Apple Inc. , Creativity , IPhone 1049 Words | 3 Pages. Our topic is about tree kangaroos.
They are one of the many endangered species on our world, and we think that the tree kangaroo . should be saved. This essay is going to tell the essay, reader about tree kangaroos, and cryptography paper give reasons to preserve this species. Tree kangaroos should be saved because they are a type of animal in our world and disease essay they should stay that way. Essays College Students! In the vast planet we have learned to disease essay, call home, every animal counts. The tree kangaroos’ population is slowly disintegrating. Before we talk. Endangered species , Extinction , Habitat destruction 754 Words | 3 Pages. disquisition, monograph; More 2. formal an attempt or effort. a misjudged essay synonyms: attempt, effort, endeavor, try, venture, . trial, experiment, undertaking his first essay in telecommunications a trial design of essay a postage stamp yet to essay, be accepted. verbformal verb: essay ; 3rd person present: essays ; past tense: essayed; past participle: essayed; gerund or present participle: essaying e?sa/ 1. attempt or try. Literature Behavior! essay a smile Origin late 15th century (as a verb in the sense ‘test the. Definition , Essay , Gerund 608 Words | 4 Pages. | Marketing Essay on Customer Value Proposition | Marketing Essay on Customer Value Proposition, analysis of disease essay . Apple Inc. Amcas! Its growth and adoption of Customer Value, Branding and disease Experience. | 12/3/2011 | Contents Introduction 3 Research 3 Early Apple 3 Product Extensions 4 Digital Media 6 Growth and Market Share for Apple 8 Mobile and Entertainment Era 8 Post Steve Jobs 9 Competition 9 Customer Segmentation 11 Product Positioning 11 Customer 13 Place 13 Convenience.
Apple Inc. , IPhone , IPod 3538 Words | 10 Pages. Stylistic Analysis of Poison Tree. A Poison Tree a poem by William Blake I was angry with my friend; I told my wrath, my wrath did end. I was angry with my foe: I told it . not, my wrath did grow. And I watered it in fears, Night and morning with my tears: And I sunned it with smiles, And with soft deceitful wiles. And it grew both day and night, Till it bore an apple bright.
And my foe beheld it shine, And he knew that it was mine. And into my garden stole. When the night had veiled the pole; In the morning. Alliteration , Anger , Assonance 877 Words | 6 Pages. Literary Analysis: the Giving Tree.
American Literature 3/28/10 The Giving Tree Shel Silverstein, an ocr english literature a2 extremely gifted and versatile author, wrote and illustrated The . Giving Tree . Readers of all ages have enjoyed this story since its publication in 1964. It portrays the essay, gift of giving and to love and comparison be loved in return. While The Giving Tree generated a lot of controversy upon its publication, having been a child and now being a mother, I see the tree representing a mother's unconditional and essay self sacrificing love for. Branch , Children's picture books , Plant morphology 923 Words | 3 Pages. ? Oranges and comparison Apples Apples and oranges are the world’s best fruit as I can say, and essay both of these edible elements have . Literature On Buyer Behavior! several things in common. Firstly oranges and apples are both fruits and essay they are ridiculously delicious and most of the people have them every day for healthy purposes. Another factor they have in common is that both of these fruits grow on trees. Another way that oranges and apples are alike is that they are the same in shape, oranges and apples take the cornwallis essays, shape of circular figure. Apple , Citrus , Fruit 960 Words | 4 Pages.
Tree Plantation Tree plantation means planting more trees in disease essay, a planned way. It is very necessary to literature, the environment. Disease Essay! Trees are . our best friends. They give us oxygen. A2! They also give us shelter, shade, foods, fruits etc. Disease Essay! They help our environment in many ways. They prevent soil erosion. They make our land fertile. They save us from droughts, floods, cyclones etc. If there are no trees our country will turn into desert.
Different kinds of natural disasters will come. People will suffer from the shortage. Ecosystem , Forestry , Fruit 1837 Words | 6 Pages. the Christmas tree is cryptography white, a symbol of the bond that we all shared because we always put it together and decorate it as a family. Essay! This is something . that we have done as a family for as long as I can remember and this will remain a family tradition as long as I live. We also had a traditional family breakfast that my mom and cornwallis Tainisha, my sister, cook while my dad watched the disease, Channel 5 news and Marques, my brother, and I play chess. My dad, brother and I would get the Christmas tree down from the. Christmas , Christmas Eve , Christmas ornament 1182 Words | 3 Pages. ?After Apple Picking Essay Through his extensive use of symbolism, metaphors, and motifs, Frost accentuates upon the theme that . “people work hard to achieve worldly goals, only to find that success is less than satisfying” in literature behavior, order to further enlighten the reader of disease essay life and its accompanied accomplishments.
Frost’s adroit symbolism of achievements and sins, “Cherish in hand, lift down, and movie comparison not let fall. For all that struck the earth, no matter if not bruised or spiked with stubble, went surely. Adam and Eve , Afterlife , Apple 730 Words | 2 Pages. ?Student Code: 1852 Apple Inc. Essay! 2010 The HBS case study A Brief Introduction to the case: Apple Inc. is an American Multinational . corporation that designs and manufactures consumer electronics and coursework a2 computer software products. The company’s best-known hardware products include Macintosh computers, the iPod and essay the iPhone. Apple was established on April 1st 1976 by review on buyer Steve Jobs and Steve Woznaik. Their first release was Apple I. Job’s mission was to bring an easy-to-use computer to market and this led. Apple I , Apple II series , Apple Inc.
1308 Words | 3 Pages. Example Fo a Descriptive Essay Eng 101. Week 4 Assignment: Descriptive Essay John Barkle IV ENG 121 English Composition I Instructor: Antoinette Oesterlein 11/24/12 It is a . very merry Christmas. It's my favorite time of year. For some people, Christmas lasts one day.
For me it starts the week before Thanksgiving and last the whole month long. I have been celebrating month long Christmases since I was a little boy. My family owns 5 Christmas tree lots, and I have the pleasure of working on our main lot; Deejohn's Christmas. Christmas , Christmas Eve , Christmas ornament 1040 Words | 3 Pages.