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To Kill a Mockingbird Essay Topics. Directions: Write a 4-6 page ( 1000-1500+ word) essay, typed and double-spaced, on one of the following topics dealing with Harper Lee’s novel, To Kill a Mockingbird (1960). Compose your essay in orem paper such a way as to edify and inform readers who are unfamiliar with this book. Follow the eastern vs western culture essay, format outlined below. Your essay will be graded on the basis of the orem research paper, following categories: content (How informative is your essay?), organization (Does it follow my format with a definite underlying structure?), narrative voice (Does the narrative sound credible and coherent?) and clarity (Are the examples that are given in support of the standards, thesis clearly presented and explained in depth? Topic A – Innocence and Experience – What are the major life-lessons that the younger characters in the novel ( Scout, Jem and Dill ) absorb as part of their coming-of-age in Maycomb, Alabama in the 1930s? You may pick one or more of these young people to write about and you may want to mention other kids in the story as well such as Walter Cunningham, Little Chuck Little, Burris Ewell, Cecil Jacobs and Francis Hancock. Topic B – Sources of Enmity – What are the significant sources of tension (i.e. suspicion, mistrust, class prejudice, racial prejudice, snobbery, enmity, animosity, hatred) between various characters in the novel and what price is paid by dorothea research certain characters for these antagonisms? For this topic, in addition to eastern culture, the younger characters mentioned above, you may want to concentrate on orem research any of the following adult characters: Old Mr. Radley, Nathan Radley, Boo Radley, Miss Stephanie Crawford, Miss Maudie Atkinson, Atticus, Calpurnia, Lula, Zeebo, Reverend Sykes, Aunt Alexandra, Tom Robinson, Bob Ewell, Mayella Ewell, Sheriff Heck Tate, Mr.
Gilmer, Judge Taylor, Mr. Of Writing An Essay? Link Deas, Dolphus Raymond, Miss Merriweather, Mrs. Farrow, Mr. Underwood . Topic C – Dimensions of Social Inequality – What does this novel have to teach us about the problem of human inequality and the divisions within human society ? Write about dorothea research paper, specific dimensions of inequality in Maycomb, Alabama – i.e. the advantages and alternative essay intro disadvantages that certain characters experience. Try to identify an underlying common lesson that unites each of these characters.
Your paper may choose to focus on characters such as Boo Radley, Tom Robinson, Bob Ewell, Mayella Ewell, Burris Ewell, Mr. Cunningham, Walter Cunningham, Dill Harris, Dolphus Raymond or any of the dorothea research paper, other characters mentioned above. Topic Sentence Begin with a topic sentence that identifies the novel’s title and author. and makes some general comment about the overall significance of the novel. General Exposition Next provide a general overview of the novel’s plot and cloning research paper subject matter and the principal characters. Narrow the dorothea paper, Focus Be sure to book titles, narrow the focus so as to establish the range and orem research scope of your essay.
Thesis Statement At the end of your first paragraph, include a thesis statement or statements that specifically outline and clarify the life-lessons or sources of tension or dimensions of inequality that your paper will be analyzing. Be sure to include at least three (3) developmental paragraphs each one of which provides evidence examples illustrations (taken from energy essay various scenes in the novel) of the research, life-lessons or sources of tension or dimensions of inequality you have outlined in your thesis. Each developmental paragraph must include at essay intro least one or two relevant quotations followed by commentary and analysis. Remember to begin each developmental paragraph with A.) a topic sentence that identifies the orem, example or evidence that is relevant to your thesis. Next, B.) set the scene sufficiently – i.e. explain what is happening in an essay the story and dorothea paper which characters are involved before introducing a particular quotation. Next, C.) quote in a concise manner any description and/or dialogue that you find especially important or illuminating.
For each quotation or paraphrase of a scene, D.) provide relevant commentary and analysis – i.e. explain to your readers why each example or bit of evidence is significant. Custom Written? Use your conclusion to make editorial comments (for or again) the novel’s overall merits and its depiction of the dorothea research paper, problems and issues mentioned in your essay. You may also use the conclusion to comment on how the lessons of the novel relate to your own personal experience of related subjects. Freshman English I – To Kill a Mockingbird Essay Sample Thesis Statements. Topic A – Innocence and Experience – Difficult Lessons of Youth. The three main children characters react in different ways to the trial of Tom Robinson – and take from it different lessons about the world; Dill who identifies strongly with Tom responds with panic and paranoia; Jem becomes cynical and disillusioned with the justice system, while Scout (perhaps like Harper Lee herself) remains accepting and essay hopeful about the possibilities of orem, social change. The children in research paper the novel – Scout, Jem and Dill in particular – learn harsh lessons about the ways in which small towns and other close-knit communities can sometimes marginalize and de-value individuals who do not fit the mold.
These three see what the older folks in the story are oblivious to: the loneliness and isolation that certain social pariahs (Boo, Mayella, Dolphus and Tom) are forced to orem research, endure. One of the big lessons that Scout learns in eastern culture culture the story is research how some children are branded from an early age as “acceptable” or “unacceptable” based on conditions and circumstances beyond their control. Aunt Alexandra’s judgments about the Radleys, the book titles in essays, Cunninghams, the Ewells, Calpurnia, etc. serve as the perfect foil to Scout’s more mature insights. Harper Lee identifies with the children in the novel more than the adults – with the paper, possible exception of Atticus. Of Writing? Like Scout , her sympathies lie with good-natured kids such as Dill Harris , and Walter Cunningham , as well as the more problematic Cecil Jacobs and Mayella Ewell . From each of them, though in different respects, we learn about the need for maintaining “dignity in the midst of squalor” or as Hemingway would say “grace under pressure.”
Topic B Sources of Enmity (Ill-Will, Mistrust, Prejudice, Hatred, Animosity) The novel deals most obviously with racial prejudice , but the orem research paper, greater lesson has to do with class differences and how a person’s inherited social status or what Aunt Alexandra calls “heredity” – unfairly determines how individuals are treated by others. Essay? Perhaps the major underlying sources of friction within the community are the economic hardships and uncertainties wrought by the Great Depression ; the research paper, novel can be seen as a parable about how certain people react in extreme circumstances, some with fear, mistrust and underline titles suspicion, others with fair-play, generosity and good-will. The real source of tension in orem research paper Maycomb is the ongoing rift between the country folk – poor white farmers who have been “hit the hardest” by the economic catastrophe and the city folk – merchants and custom written plans professionals who are desperate to orem, avoid slipping into alternative energy intro absolute poverty. Caught in the middle of orem research, all this are the innocent characters – Boo Radley, Tom Robinson and essay Dolphus Raymond – who are just trying to mind their own business. Dorothea Orem Research? Topic C – Dimensions of Social Inequality.
Like other social protest novels, this novel makes a special case for the ideal of social equality – as a basic dignity that the law affords to all citizens, local or otherwise; the array of cloning research paper, misfit characters including Tom Robinson, Boo Radley, Dolphus Raymond, Dill and dorothea orem research even Mayella Ewell – each in their own way, show us the price that must be paid when the true meaning of democracy (“equal rights for all, special privileges for none”) is forgotten. Maycomb, Alabama – although fictional – is a microcosm for all the do u underline titles in essays, petty snobberies and prejudgments that exist in small towns all over America; while Harper Lee goes to great lengths to show the “logic” behind the existing social order, she is also brutally honest in exposing its shortcomings. [We see this most specifically in the struggles of Mayella Ewell, Walter Cunningham and Dolphus Raymond.] More than anything else, To Kill a Mockingbird is a book about the dorothea orem research paper, need for education , for literacy, and the advantages of literacy as the guarantor of equality and social mobility. The characters who value education (Scout, Atticus and Miss Maudie) are also the most generous and magnanimous in their treatment of others; the characters who disparage learning (Bob Ewell, Mayella Ewell and Aunt Alexandra) are more fearful and suspicious of others. This entry was posted in standards Uncategorized by research tsheehy. Cloning Research? Bookmark the permalink.
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In fact, if you are a WGA member, it is a violation of the do u titles in essays, Guild’s Working Rules if you perform services for a company or sell literary material to a company that is dorothea research paper, not signatory to the MBA. Before accepting employment or selling literary material, we urge you to call the research paper, WGAW Signatories Department at (323) 782-4514 or the WGAE Signatories Department at (212) 767-7821 to ensure that the relevant employing or purchasing Company is signatory. Do not rely on the fact that a company has produced other films or that the company promises to become signatory or that other companies with similar names are signatory to the MBA. Specific MBA Articles, Appendices and Credits Schedules are referenced throughout this guide. However, do not use this guide as a substitute for the MBA as it is not intended to and does not alter the provisions of the MBA in orem paper, any way. In the event anything herein contradicts the MBA, the MBA controls. The references listed after each provision refer either to the MBA or the Guild's Working Rules. The word Company refers to entities that are signatory to the MBA; it also refers to authorized representatives of the employing and/or purchasing Company. Note: WGA jurisdiction includes all employment by a signatory Company for writing services, options/sales of literary material by professional writers to a signatory Company, and introduction paper, options/sales by writers the Company agrees to research treat as professional writers as that term is defined in the MBA. Please call the alternative essay, WGAW Contracts Department at (323) 782-4501, or the WGAE Contracts Department at (212) 767-7803, if you have any questions.
PART I: Long-Form Television and Pilots. 1. Before you are employed, you should clarify with the Company the writing services you are being hired to perform. Dorothea Orem Research Paper? The Company must tell you the number of energy intro writing steps and the amount of money you are to be paid for each step. (Article 13.B.7., Working Rule #4) For example, know up front if you will be asked to write a separate story, or if you will go directly to teleplay. 2. Dorothea Orem Research? The Company may not ask you to perform any services for which payment is contingent upon the acceptance or approval of the material. This is prohibited speculative writing. (Article 20.B., Working Rule #14) For example, the producer may not say Write up the story and, if I like it, I'll pay for it.
3. An Essay? The Company must notify you of any writers who preceded you on the project. Dorothea Paper? Likewise, the Company must notify you of custom written any other materials upon which the work is to be based. Also, the Company must notify you of any writers hired to write simultaneously with you and of any writers hired subsequent to you. The Company must also include in your employment agreement the names of all other writers then or previously employed by the Company on dorothea paper, the same material, or from whom the Company purchased the material on which you are employed (including, in the case of a remake, the names of the credited writers of the an essay, prior photoplay). Orem Research Paper? The Company must also indicate in your individual employment agreement whether the material is in turnaround from another company and, if so, the name of such company. (Article 18) Click here to download the Article 18 form to submit to Companies.
4. You should ensure that any source material referenced in your contract is owned by the Company at the time of the an essay, assignment and orem paper, that your contract properly identifies and references the same materials upon which the eastern culture vs western culture essay, work is to be based. Dorothea Paper? You must contact and notify any other writers assigned to cloning research work concurrently. (Working Rule #12) 5. The Company must specify in your contract the name(s) of the person(s) who may authorize you to write, and where and to whom to deliver material. The best way to help prevent free rewrites is to dorothea perform work only at the request of the person(s) named in your contract as authorized to request revisions and to deliver your materials to the place and to the person(s) identified in your contract as being authorized to underline book titles in essays accept delivery. Be sure to include a written request or invoice for payment. (Article 13.B.9.) If you fail to adhere completely to these provisions, you risk not being paid for your work. Click here to download the Free Rewrite Arbitration Decision. 6. In order to ensure effective lines of communication are established, the writer, producer and responsible network executive should meet to discuss and agree on how they will work with each other and agree upon the concept and direction of the dorothea orem research paper, project.
In addition, with respect to original material, the producer or a creative executive is required to culture consult with the writer regarding each set of revisions requested of the dorothea orem research, writer by cloning introduction the Company. (Article 16.B.3.j.) 7. The writer should meet simultaneously with the producer and dorothea, the network to an essay discuss notes, and network notes should be delivered to the writer and the producer at the same time. 8. If you are employed when the director is assigned, the Company should arrange a meeting between you, the director and the producer. (Article 48) Shortly after a director is assigned to a long-form television motion picture based on an existing teleplay, the executive producer and director will meet with you, if you are the currently-employed writer (or, if there is no currently-employed writer, a previously-employed writer of the orem research, Company’s choosing), to share their understanding of the creative thrust of the script. (Appendix E: Writer-Director Collaboration Television) 1. Custom Plans? Do not begin to write before ensuring that your deal is in orem research paper, place and that all conditions precedent, if any, have been satisfied. Do U Underline Book In Essays? Do not deliver materials to the Company if the deal is still in flux. For example, the dorothea orem, deal is considered to be done when all the essential deal points have been agreed upon or when commencement monies have been paid. 2. The Company is obligated to attach a summary of any conditions precedent to the deal memo or contract (the document memorializing your agreement with the Company). (Article 13.B.12.) You should ask your agent for that cover sheet and make sure those conditions have been met before commencing services. 3. Complete and deliver the I-9 form, W-4 form, Certificate of Authorship and any other forms required by the Company in accordance with the MBA and applicable laws. (Article 35) The Guild has found that a writer's paycheck frequently is delayed because the Company has not received these forms from the writer. The Company is essay standards, required by law to establish your eligibility to work in the United States prior to the commencement of services (by use of an I-9 form, which must be signed and dated in the presence of an dorothea research paper, authorized representative).
In the case of direct employment (as opposed to a loan-out), the Company must also receive a completed W-4 form. Services may be deemed not to have commenced until these forms are completed and filed for each employment. Underline Book Titles? If you are requested to sign a Certificate of Authorship that must be notarized, you may have it notarized by any notary public. This service is also provided by the Guild for members. 4. Send a copy of your contract (and any amendments) to the WGAW Contracts Department 7000 W. Third Street, Los Angeles, CA 90048 or the WGAE Contracts Department 555 W. 57th Street, New York, NY 10019. This is your responsibility. Dorothea Orem Paper? (Working Rule #3b) Also, you should authorize your agent and attorney to send copies of your contracts to the Guild. Review the contract to ensure it accurately reflects your understanding of the agreement.
5. As the essay font standards, writer, you must be covered under the Company's Errors Omissions policy. (Article 28) 5. As the orem paper, writer, you must be covered under the Company's Errors Omissions policy. (Article 28) 6. The Company must pay commencement monies at not less than WGA minimum by the next regular payday in do u, the week following the week in which you are instructed to commence. (Article 13.B.7.f.) 7. The Company must pay at dorothea orem research paper, least the underline in essays, applicable minimum for dorothea paper each piece of literary material written at the Company's request. This payment is due within 48 hours of delivery. (Article 13.B.9.) If the Company has not paid you within 7 days after you delivered, interest will accrue on all unpaid amounts at the rate of 1.5% per paper, month (18% per year). If the budget of the project changes from research paper, a low budget project to a high budget project (as those terms are defined in the MBA), the Company must make sure you are paid at least the appropriate high budget minimum. You or your agent should invoice the Company for all payments that are due.
8. When the project is for a network (or other television service such as USA, FX or TNT), the Company may not use the alternative energy intro, network's failure to reimburse it as an excuse for not paying for material delivered. If you have an overscale deal which provides for two sets of revisions and a polish, the producer may have been authorized by the network to request and receive payment from the network for a producer's draft, without having to submit each draft to the network. (There are two different MBAs which the Company may sign; the rules in this area are slightly different in each. Dorothea Research? If you have any questions, please call the mla format, WGAW Contracts Department at (323)782-4501 or the dorothea orem research, WGAE Contracts Department at (212) 767-7837.) In any event, payment may not be contingent on delivery of a draft to a network or payment from the network. Of Writing An Essay? (Article 13.B.7.f.) 9. You may not perform services at terms less favorable than the dorothea orem, MBA. (Article 9, Working Rule #6) 10. The Company must make contributions in the amount of 6% of your compensation for employment services (and sales when combined with employment) to the Producer-Writers Guild Pension Plan, and contributions in the amount of 8.5% of such compensation (as of April 2009) to the Writers Guild-Industry Health Fund. (Article 17) [NOTE: The Pension Plan and culture, Health Fund are separate from the WGA.
Requestsfor employer reporting forms and questions regarding the Plan and Fund should be directed to their offices at (818) 846-1015 or (800) 227-7863, or 1015 North Hollywood Way, Burbank, CA 91505.] 11. The Company must pay you appropriate residuals and other compensation when your project is released to various markets (free television, pay television, basic cable, videocassette or DVD, new media, interactive games, etc.). (See, e.g., Articles 15, 51, 58, 64, and the Sideletter on New Media Reuse) Protect Your Creative Rights. 1. The Guild believes the first writer should always be given the opportunity to research rewrite his/her material, if rewrites are required by the Company.
The Company must offer you the first rewrite of the teleplay if you sell or option an written business, original teleplay which is ninety (90) minutes or longer, unless time constraints render that assignment impractical. Dorothea Orem Research? (Please make sure you do not unwittingly waive this right in written business plans, your individual contract.) (Articles 16.B.3.h.; 16.B.3.i.) 2. Research Paper? If you sell or are employed to write an underline, original teleplay 90 minutes or longer and the Company contemplates replacing you, the Company is required to arrange for you to meet with a creative executive or producer who has read the material to paper discuss the Company's view and give you a reasonable opportunity to discuss continuing to perform writing services on the project. (Article 16.B.3.h.) 3. On original teleplays, the producer or a creative executive must consult with you regarding each set of revisions requested. Eastern Vs Western? (Article 16.B.3.j.) 4. During the development phase of a television motion picture (e.g., when submissions to actors or directors are being made), the name of the dorothea orem paper, first writer must appear on the cover page, followed by the name of the writer of the standards, current draft (under the heading “current revisions”). Upon commencement of pre-production, all writers must be listed. The name of the orem, initial writer must be listed first, followed by the word “revisions” preceding the eastern, names of all subsequent writers.
Once writing credits are determined, only the names of credited writers appear on the cover page. Orem Research? (Article 37) [Click here to see sample]. 5. Energy Intro? The Company must submit a Notice of Tentative Writing Credits [Click here to see sample Television NTWC] and dorothea, a copy of the Final Shooting Script to all participating writers on the project and the Guild. Participating writers are writers who were employed to perform writing services or who sold material under WGA jurisdiction for the project. (Paragraph 11 of Television Schedule A) The Company must list on the Notice the names of all participating writers and introduction, propose the writing credit the Company in dorothea orem research paper, good faith believes to be an accurate credit. Mla Format? Any participating writer (or the WGA) may protest the proposed credit and research paper, request a credit arbitration within a limited period of time. You should contact the Company if you want the Notice to be sent to a place other than that listed in your contract for receipt of notices (e.g., new agent, changed address, etc.). For more information on the credit determination process, you can click here to see the Credits Survival Guide or click here to see the Television Credits Manual. You can also request copies of these useful pamphlets from the WGAW Credits Department at (323) 782-4528 or from the WGAE Credits Department at (212) 767-7804.
6. If you are employed on a long-form television motion picture at the time of the first cast reading, it is the preferred practice for the executive producer and director, in consultation with the licensee, to invite you to attend the first cast reading. (Appendix E: Writer-Director Collaboration Television) 7. Up to introduction research paper three writers must be listed adjacent to the producer or director on the call sheet. You must be sent a copy of the call sheet if you are the currently-employed writer (or, if there is no currently-employed writer, any previously-employed writer of the Company’s choice). (Article 48) 8. You may request to visit the research paper, set with a reasonable number of guests. On long-form television motion pictures, the preferred practice is for the Company to mla format arrange for a visit at an appropriate time, after consultation with the director. (Appendix E: Writer-Director Collaboration Television) 9. As a participating writer, you will be invited to attend cast/crew events. (Article 48) 10. As a participating writer, you must be given an opportunity to view the director's cut of the film within 48 hours of the Company's viewing. If, in lieu of orem paper a viewing, the Company is provided with a DVD/videocassette copy of the written, cut, you must also receive a DVD/videocassette copy of the paper, cut. For television pilots, the Company must invite all participating writers to view the final director’s cut or a subsequent cut prior to the final cut of the motion picture.
The viewing of the cut must be in sufficient time for eastern culture the writers to offer editing suggestions which, if approved, could be effectively implemented. (Article 48) 11. Each credited writer must be invited to the first sneak preview held in Los Angeles County, if any. (Article 48) 12. The credited writer(s) must be included in all publicity if the dorothea paper, director or any producer is included. A filmography for the credited writers will also be included in standard print and electronic press kits, the domestic version of the laser disc or DVD, or internet web page dedicated to the motion picture, if one is included for essay standards the director. (Each participating writer is required to provide a filmography to the Company’s advertising/publicity department.) The credited writers must be interviewed for the purpose of dorothea orem research paper including material about the writers in press kits, DVDs or laserdiscs, unless notified otherwise by the Company. (Television Schedule A) 13. The Company generally must include the Guild-determined writing credit (prior to mla format an essay the final determination of dorothea research paper credit, the energy, Company must include the good faith credits) in all publicity and advertising where the director or any producer is included. Dorothea Research? (Television Schedule A) 14.
The Company must furnish the credited writers with a videocassette and DVD of the film, if manufactured for sale. (Article 48.K) 15. Of course, your individual contract may establish greater and more specific involvement in the project, including expanded consultation rights. For example, you could negotiate an absolute right to be present on the set and, if travel is involved, for the Company to pay expenses, to be present at some or all rehearsals, and to view dailies. 16. The first resort for resolution of of writing certain disputes under Article 48 regarding the professional status of writers is research, a hotline between the Guild and the Companies. Therefore, we urge you to contact the Guild as soon as possible if you believe your creative rights under Article 48 have been violated. To use the an essay, hotline procedure, call the WGAW Creative Rights line at (323)782-4741 or WGAE attorneys at (212) 767-7800. PART II: Theatrical Motion Pictures.
1. Before you are employed, you should clarify with the dorothea research, Company the writing services you are being hired to perform. The Company must tell you the number of mla format an essay writing steps and the amount of money you are to be paid for each step. (Article 13.A.3., Working Rule #4) For example, know up front if you will be asked to write a separate story, or if you will go directly to screenplay. 2. The Company may not ask you to research perform any services payment for of writing which is contingent upon acceptance, approval, financing, or any other event. This is dorothea research paper, prohibited speculative writing. Paper? (Article 20.A., Working Rule #14) For example, the producer may not say Write up the story and, if I like it, I'll pay for it. 3. Dorothea Research Paper? The Company must notify you of any writers who preceded you. Likewise, the Company must notify you of any other materials upon which the work is to be based.
Also, the Company must notify you of any writers hired to write simultaneously with you. If you make a written request, the Company must notify you of any writers hired subsequent to you. The Company shall also include in your employment agreement the cloning introduction paper, names of all other writers then or previously employed by the Company on the same material, or from whom the Company purchased the material on which you are employed (including, in the case of a remake, the names of the credited writers of the prior photoplay). The Company shall also indicate in your individual employment agreement whether the material is in turnaround from another company and, if so, the orem research, name of such company. Essay Font Standards? (Article 18) Click here to download the orem research paper, Article 18 form to of writing an essay submit to Companies. 4. You should ensure that any source material referenced in your contract is owned by the Company at the time of the dorothea paper, assignment, and that your contract properly identifies and references the same materials upon which the eastern culture, work is to dorothea orem paper be based. Introduction Research Paper? You must contact and notify any other writers assigned to work concurrently. (Working Rule #12) 5. The Company must specify in your contract the name(s) of the person(s) who may authorize you to write, and dorothea research paper, where and to whom to deliver material. This person shall be at titles, a level no higher than the President of Production (i.e., the dorothea research paper, individual who heads theatrical creative development). The best way to help prevent free rewrites is to perform work only at underline book titles in essays, the request of the dorothea research, person(s) named in of writing an essay, your contract as the person authorized to request revisions, and to deliver your materials to the place where and to the person(s) named in your contract to whom delivery is to be made, along with a written request for payment (invoice). (Article 13.A.14.) If you fail to adhere completely to these provisions, you risk not being paid for dorothea paper your work. Click here to download the plans, Free Rewrite Arbitration Decision. 6. Research Paper? The writer should meet with the producer(s) and the responsible studio or Company executives prior to the commencement of writing services, to discuss and agree on underline book titles in essays, how the dorothea, parties will work with each other.
7. The Company should provide you with clear notes concerning your literary material (preferably a single set), and, when possible, in advance of any meetings to discuss the notes. 8. If you are employed when the director is assigned, the mla format an essay, Company should arrange a meeting between you, the director and the producer. (Article 48) Shortly after being assigned, the director will meet with you, if you are the currently-employed writer (or, if no writer is currently employed, any previously-employed writer of the director’s choosing). This meeting will take place prior to any decision to hire a new writer. (Appendix D: Writer-Director Collaboration Theatrical) 1. Do not commence writing without ensuring that the deal is in place and all conditions precedent, if any, have been satisfied. (Article 13.A.3.) Do not deliver materials to research the Company if the deal is mla format of writing, not clearly in orem paper, place. Eastern Vs Western Essay? For example, the deal is considered to be in place when all the essential deal points have been negotiated and agreed upon or when commencement monies have been paid.
2. The Company is obligated to attach a cover sheet to the document memorializing the writer’s agreement setting forth (in summary form) all conditions precedent. (Article 13.A.3.) You should ask your agent for that cover sheet and make sure those conditions have been met before commencing. 3. Complete and deliver the I-9 form, W-4 form, Certificate of Authorship and any other forms required by the Company in accordance with the MBA and applicable laws. The Guild has found that a writer's paycheck often is dorothea orem research, delayed because the Company has not received these forms from the writer. (Article 35) The Company is required by essay font standards law to establish your eligibility to work in the United States prior to the commencement of services (by use of an I-9 form, which must be signed and dated in the presence of an authorized representative). In the dorothea paper, case of eastern vs western direct employment (as opposed to a loan-out), the Company must also receive a completed W-4 form. Services may be deemed not to have commenced until these forms are completed and filed for each employment.
If you are requested to sign a Certificate of Authorship that must be notarized, you may have it notarized by dorothea orem research any notary public. This service is also provided by the Guild for members. 4. Send a copy of your contract (and any amendments) to the WGAW Contracts Department 7000 W. Third Street, Los Angeles, CA 90048 or the WGAE Contracts Department 555 W. 57th Street, New York, NY 10019. This is your responsibility. (Working Rule #3b) Also, you should authorize your agent and attorney to send copies of your contracts to the Guild. Review the contract to culture essay ensure it accurately reflects your understanding of the agreement. 5. As the writer, you must be covered under the Company's Errors Omissions policy. Dorothea? (Article 28) 6. The Company must pay commencement monies, at not less than WGA minimum, to you by the next regular payday in custom written business, the week following the orem paper, week in which you are instructed to commence. (Article 13.A.3.) 7. The Company must pay you not less than WGA minimum for mla format of writing an essay each piece of literary material written at the Company's request within 48 hours of delivery, and in no event later than 7 days following delivery. (Article 13.A.14.) Interest will accrue on late payments at the rate of 1.5% per month (18% per year) until paid in full.
If the budget of the project changes from “low budget” to “high budget”, the Company must make adjustments, if necessary, to research paper the compensation previously paid to you to bring that compensation up to essay font the applicable MBA minimums. You or your agent should invoice the Company for such payments. 8. Orem Research? You may not perform services at eastern, terms less favorable than the MBA. (Article 9, Working Rule #6) 9. The Company must make contributions in the amount of 6% of your compensation for employment services (and sales when combined with employment) to research the Producer-Writers Guild Pension Plan, and essay, contributions in the amount of 8.5% of dorothea paper such compensation (as of April 2009) to the Writers Guild-Industry Health Fund. Intro? (Article 17) [NOTE: The Pension Plan and Health Fund are separate from the WGA. Requests for dorothea orem research paper employer reporting forms and questions regarding the underline book, Plan and Fund should be directed to their offices at (818) 846-1015 or (800) 227-7863, or 1015 North Hollywood Way, Burbank, CA 91505.]
10. The Company must pay you appropriate residuals and other compensation as your film is released to various markets (free television, pay television, basic cable, DVD, new media, interactive games, etc.). (See, e.g., Articles 15, 51, 58, 64, and the New Media Reuse Sideletter) Protect Your Creative Rights. 1. If you sell or option an original screenplay the Company must offer you the research paper, first rewrite of the screenplay. (Ensure you do not waive this right in your contract.) In addition, if you sell an original screenplay and there is a changed element (e.g., a new director or star) within 3 years of the do u underline book titles, rewrite and no other writer has been hired, you have the right to perform one additional set of revisions. (Articles 16.A.3.c. and dorothea research, d.) 2. The Guild believes the book in essays, first writer should always be given the opportunity to rewrite his/her material, if rewrites are required by the Company. The Company must offer you the first rewrite of the screenplay if you sell or option an original screenplay. (Please make sure you do not unwittingly waive this right in your individual contract.) In addition, if you sell an original screenplay or you are employed to write an original screenplay and the Company contemplates replacing you, the Company is required to arrange for you to meet with a senior production executive who has read the orem research, material to discuss the Company's view and give you a reasonable opportunity to underline book discuss continuing to perform writing services on orem research paper, the project. Cloning Introduction Research? (Article 16.A.3.c.) 3. During the development phase of a theatrical motion picture (e.g., when submission to actors or directors are being made), the name of the first writer must appear on the cover page. The name of the first writer must be followed by the name of the writer of that draft (under the research paper, heading “current revisions”). Upon commencement of pre-production, all writers must be listed. The name of the initial writer must be listed first, followed by the word “revisions” preceding the names of all subsequent writers.
Once writing credits are determined, only the names of credited writers appear on the cover page. (Article 37) [Click here to see sample]. 4. Of Writing An Essay? The Company must submit a Notice of dorothea research Tentative Writing Credits [Click here to see sample Theatrical NTWC] and a copy of the Final Shooting Script to all participating writers on the project and the Guild. Book Titles In Essays? Participating writers are writers who were employed to perform writing services or who sold material under WGA jurisdiction for the project. (Paragraph 11 of Theatrical Schedule A) The Company must list on the Notice the names of dorothea research all participating writers and propose the writing credit the Company in good faith believes to be an culture essay, accurate credit. Each participating writer (or the WGA) may protest the proposed credit and request a credit arbitration within a limited period of time. You should contact the research paper, Company if you want the Notice to book be sent to orem a place other than that listed in your contract for standards receipt of notices (e.g., new agent, changed address, etc.). For more information on the credit determination process, you can click here to dorothea paper see the Credits Survival Guide or click here to cloning introduction research see the Theatrical Credits Manual. You can also request copies of these useful pamphlets from the WGAW Credits Department at (323) 782-4528 or from the WGAE Credits Department at (212) 767-7804. 5. Research? If you are employed at the time of the first cast reading, it is the energy essay, preferred practice for the director to invite you to the first cast reading. (Appendix D: Writer-Director Collaboration Theatrical) 6. Up to three writers must be listed adjacent to the producer or director on the call sheet.
You must be sent a copy of the call sheet if you are the currently-employed writer (or, if there is no currently-employed writer, any previously-employed writer of the Company’s choice). Orem? (Article 48) 7. You may request to visit the set with a reasonable number of guests. The preferred practice is for the Company to arrange a visit at an appropriate time. (Appendix D: Writer-Director Collaboration Theatrical) 8. As a participating writer, you must be invited to attend cast/crew events. (Article 48) 9. As a participating writer, you must be given an eastern vs western essay, opportunity to view a cut of the film in sufficient time so that any editing suggestions made by you concerning the film, if approved, could be reasonably and effectively implemented. (Article 48)
10. Each credited writer must be invited to the first sneak preview held in Los Angeles County, if any. (Article 48) 11. If you are a credited writer, you must be invited to attend the domestic premiere or domestic film festival at paper, which the film is culture vs western culture essay, first exhibited and you must be invited to participate in the domestic press junket, unless notified otherwise by the Company. If you are required to dorothea research paper travel more than 150 miles to participate in the premiere or film festival, the Company is required to furnish first class travel and accommodations.
For press junkets, the Company is required to pay such expenses for mla format an essay no more than two (2) such individuals. (Article 48) 12. If you are a credited writer, you must be included in all publicity if the director or any producer is orem research paper, included. A filmography for the credited writer(s) must also be included in standard print and electronic press kits, the domestic version of the laser disc or DVD, or internet web page dedicated to the motion picture, if one is included for the director. (Each participating writer is required to provide a filmography to the Company’s advertising/publicity department.) The credited writers must be interviewed for the purpose of including material about the writers in press kits, DVDs or laserdiscs, unless notified otherwise by the Company. (Theatrical Schedule A) 13. The Company generally must include the Guild-determined writing credit (prior to the final determination of credits, the Company must include the good faith credits) in introduction paper, all publicity and advertising if any producer or the director is included, and the Company shall submit all advertising and press kits to the Guild in advance of publication for review. Research? (Theatrical Schedule A) 14. The Company must furnish the credited writers with a videocassette or DVD of the film, if manufactured for sale. (Article 48.B.5.) 15. Of course, your individual contract may establish greater and more specific involvement in the project, including expanded consultation rights.
For example, you could negotiate an absolute right to be present on the set and, if travel is involved, for the Company to pay expenses, to be present at an essay, some or all rehearsals, and to dorothea orem paper view dailies. 16. Introduction Research Paper? The first resort for resolution of certain disputes under Article 48 regarding the professional status of dorothea research writers is a hotline between the Guild and the Companies. Cloning? Therefore, we urge you to contact the Guild as soon as possible if you believe your creative rights under Article 48 have been violated. To use the hotline procedure, call the WGAW Creative Rights line at research, (323)782-4741 or WGAE attorneys at mla format of writing, (212) 767-7800.
QA: The Guild Screenings – Marshall with Michael Koskoff Jacob Koskoff. QA: The Guild Screenings – Blade Runner 2049 with Hampton Fancher and Michael Green.
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Self-Care Theory | Selected Papers of Dorothea Orem pdf 134 Кб
Analysis of Michael Pollan’s essay “Why Bother?” Analysis of orem paper Michael Pollan’s essay “Why Bother?” Michael Pollan, in his essay “Why bother” published last April 20, 2008 in the New York Times , is convincing the public to do their own individual share of averting climate change by bothering to do what they may think as insignificant activities yet nevertheless would help decrease the release of CO 2 into the atmosphere. Culture Essay! In his essay he tackles the dilemma of how difficult that task is research, considering that the heart of the problem is a crisis of character; a fault on modern man’s ingrained way of thinking and doing things. Pollan asserts in his essay that the difficulty to avert climate change is not because it needed massive human acts and sacrifices but because it demands a collective insignificant individual change in daily human activities; a change however that is do u in essays, not seen as an obvious solution to the problem by most people. Need essay sample on Analysis of Michael Pollan’s essay “Why Bother?” ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. The above assertion points out dorothea, three claims made by alternative energy Pollan in the essay. First, the task of contributing individual share to avert climate change is orem research, so ordinary, simple and underline titles utterly useless that it may be regarded as a bother. Second, man’s countless everyday acts and choices is what had put him into the crisis of climate change and that radically changing his everyday acts and choices may well save the planet. Research! Third, modern man does not realize that a personal change is demanded of him to solve the do u underline book in essays problem of climate change. For the first claim, Pollan derive his evidence from quotation, feedbacks from research paper, scientists and mla format an essay reasoning.
He quoted former Vice-President AL Gore’s documentary movie, “An Inconvenient Truth”, where in the closing credits it asked the viewers to change their light bulbs (Pollan 1). Dorothea Orem Paper! Even though the problem of climate change or global warming seems daunting, Al Gore’s documentary proposes that merely changing a light bulb may help solve the an essay problem. What a very simple and ordinary solution to a big problem! But, in Pollan’s reasoning, the ordinariness and orem research simplicity itself is actually what had made it more difficult to undertake since the task looks insignificant and useless. Instead of being seen as a solution, it is regarded more as a bother, an unchallenging interruption to an essay everyday ways of living (Pollan 2). Moreover this little seemingly insignificant task looks more insignificant considering the fact that something radically big needs to be done as soon as possible to save the Planet otherwise it will be too late to save it. Dorothea Orem Research Paper! Pollan supported this fear by drawing evidence from scientist projections who declared that the cloning introduction warming and the melting is occurring much faster than the models they had predicted , stating that “climate change is upon us and it has arrived well ahead its schedule” (Pollan 1) . The second claim is supported by citing physical evidence, analysis and reasoning. It is not as though something awfully huge made by some particular individuals had caused this crisis but that it had accumulated through the years as each individual collectively encouraged the production of CO 2 through his daily lifestyle. Pollan points out several examples of man’s daily ordinary activities such as driving, using light and eating—activities, that upon careful analysis, directly and indirectly causes the increase of CO 2 in the atmosphere (Pollan 1-2). According to Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development “ the transport accounts for between 55% and 99% greenhouse gases…two-thirds of paper it are attributable to the private car in the form of essay intro CO2” ( OECD 17). Pollon reasons that as long as man rides a car or patronizes these products he is actually encouraging the increase of CO 2 in the atmosphere.
If all of these daily individual activities are summed up together, by mathematical reasoning, the paper consequence is magnified. Pollan supported his third claim based on physical evidence and reasoning. Cloning Research! He points out that modern man is used to solve his big problem by dorothea orem the implementation of legislation or technology, or to look for leaders and research paper experts rather than by actually thinking he needs to change his lifestyle. As evidence, he cites modern man’s reliance and dorothea research paper dependence on specialists such as agribusiness for meals, doctors for health, teacher for education, and environmentalist for the care of the environment (Pollan 2). As a generalization from these examples, Pollan concludes how unimaginable then for modern man to think that he really has the personal responsibility to prevent climate change by making changes in the level of underline his everyday living. Logically, based on the preceding examples, man would naturally think that it is the government, scientists or environmentalists that take care of the problem of climate change and not himself.
Personally, this is what I had thought before, that the big responsibility does not rest on me but on others who have the dorothea paper “official” responsibility. What is being warranted in Pollan’s assertion is that all of humanity causes the problem and should therefore as a whole must work together to solve the problem. Modern man should not expect that only a few people or agencies are needed to introduction research paper prevent climate change. As long as the source of the problem is not removed, the problem will always persist. In this essay, Pollan make use of the dorothea orem three types of eastern vs western culture essay appeals (pathos, ethos and logos) to convince his listeners to take his side; to dorothea research really bother. In using the culture culture essay ethos appeal, he derives credibility to his arguments by quoting or citing statements from reliable sources and individuals who have the authority to speak about the issue such as then Vice President Al Gore’s documentary movie “The Inconvenient Truth” as well as scientists. Orem! In the logos appeal, he engages his audience in an intellectual discussion, using a lot of mathematical or logical reasoning or generalizations to make his point and arrive in essay conclusions. Dorothea Research! He also make use of pathos appeal; in one point he stirs up the audience to mla format fear when he describes the terrifying threats of the exponential increase of CO 2 concentration in the arctic and dorothea orem paper then proceed to ask “Have you looked into the eyes of energy a climate scientist recently? They look really scared” (Pollan 1). At the same time he motivated his audience to action by dorothea orem reminding them how beautiful, rewarding and accomplished they would feel if they do bother (like bothering to plant a garden) (Pollan 4). In the essay, “Why Bother” Michael Pollan is do u book in essays, trying to make each person see their responsibility in preventing climate change and that what an individual can do may look insignificant but collectively can make a huge difference.
He claims that all of humanity causes the problem and therefore must do their share to solve it. In convincing his audience to orem research believe his arguments, Pollan uses evidence to support his claims through quoting reliable sources as well as using physical evidence, and observation. To convince his audience , he use a lot of reasoning based on the evidence as well as using a language that would motivate and stir up his audience to action. OECD. In Essays! Strategies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Road Transport: Analytical Methods. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.
OECD Publishing, 2002.
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Drunk Driving 500 Word Essay Essays and Research Papers. forever altered my perspective on certain situations. Death is dorothea orem paper a part of life; we live, and we die. Essay Font Standards. However I strongly believe if we make better choices, . our lives can be prolonged. As I research how every day in America, 27 people die in an impaired driving fatality every 53 minutes it brings me back to dorothea orem research, the time I lost my role model. My cousin Heath’s poor actions not only custom business plans cost him to lose his life, but others lives were lost to. Dorothea. At the time, I never grasped how many people drink and drove. I had always. Alcoholism , Brain , Central nervous system 1215 Words | 4 Pages.
Driving intoxicated impacts thousands of energy, peoples lifes every year. Dorothea Research. Driving drunk costs the United States 132 . billion dollars a year. It costs on cloning research paper average per United States citizen 500 dollars a year. Drinking and driving can be preventable. Paper. Almost every 90 seconds a person is injured by a drunk driving accident. You can even prevent it today.
High Schoolers today that use alcohol or other substances are 5 times more likely to introduction paper, drop out of highschool. Children who start drinking young. Alcoholic beverage , Driving under the influence , Drunk driving 728 Words | 4 Pages. ? Drunk Driving In 2012, 10,322 people were killed and approximately 345,000 were injured. Dorothea Research. Each crash, each death, . each injury impacts not only the person in the crash, but family, friends, classmates, coworkers and more. Even those who have not been directly touched help pay the book titles $132 billion yearly price tag of dorothea orem paper, drunk driving . But together we can eliminate drunk driving . Americans take 233 billion trips in cars each year. Of those, about essay intro one out of every two thousand trips are taken. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Blood alcohol content 1027 Words | 4 Pages. Drunk Driving , Groups, Affects, Laws How much longer will it take to research paper, get rid of careless drunk drivers? . Drunk driving has been a problem in of writing the United States since the beginning of dorothea orem research paper, automobiles; however, it did not become an important social issue until the alternative intro mid 1980's. Dorothea Research Paper. Drunk driving was defined as a problem located within individuals or groups.
Drunk driving is illegal in every state. Paper. It is not only illegal, but unsafe to operate an automobile if you are under the dorothea influence of energy essay, alcohol. Orem Research. When a person. Alcohol , Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage 1144 Words | 3 Pages. Cause and Effect Essay on Drunk Driving. Cause and energy essay intro, Affect Essay : Drunk Driving Drinking and orem research paper, driving is an essay a very bad combination. Mixing the . two would be very deadly for many people on the streets. Drinking reduces your concentration and dorothea orem research paper, your reactions to sudden hazards which can lead to fatal accidents or severe injury. “MADD estimated that there are between 1,350 and 1,600 impaired crash fatalities in Canada each year.” This meaning that there are an eastern culture vs western culture, approximate of 1,450 lives stolen to research, drunk driving that can be saved if one person. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Driving under the influence 968 Words | 3 Pages.
Cause and essay standards, Effect Essay on: Drunk Driving By: Winde Rovira Mr. Paper. Young English 101 8 March 2000 . Driving a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol is one of the most dangerous things you can do. Intro. There is a mass of research evidence to show that driving performance and reaction times are seriously affected by alcohol. Our law in Georgia states, that it is illegal to operate a motor vehicle if your blood alcohol concentration (BAC) exceeds .10%. Georgia observes a per dorothea orem se law. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Automobile 879 Words | 3 Pages. The 500 - word Essay : Some Thoughts Gordon Thompson The 500 - word length is consistent . with many other kinds of professional writing, from blogs to book reviews.
Moreover, if you want to capture and hold your audience's attention, the font three-section statement maximizes your opportunity. The statements below provide ideas on how you might successfully write. The short essays for this seminar have several goals. 1. Research. They provide you with an opportunity to explore a topic we have covered in essay our discussions. English passive voice , Essay , Grammar 1108 Words | 3 Pages. S00027026 IENG 030-11 Mr.
Morgan Fall 2012 Topic: Drunk Driving Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience to stop . Dorothea Research Paper. driving while they are drunk if they do so. Thesis Statement: There are more and more accidents happening as a result of energy essay intro, drunk driving , and these drunk drivers should be severely punished. Orem Research Paper. I. Introduction: Attention Step A. Attention Material: My friend Susan’s son a nine-year-old boy named Tom and business plans, his father were on their way back from a gathering at research paper their friend’s house. As. Alcohol , Alcohol dehydrogenase , Alcohol law 1163 Words | 4 Pages. Drunk Driving Everyone makes mistakes, its inevitable, but the cloning research difference between a mistake and a decision is that a decision . Paper. can be preventable. Getting into a vehicle while intoxicated isn’t a matter of chance it’s of essay standards, choice. Driving while under the paper influence is preventable, unfortunately most people underestimate the seriousness of essay standards, Driving while under the influence, we think to ourselves “Oh that will never happen.” but unaccountably it does.
Many lose loved ones and choose to live their lives. Addiction , Alcohol abuse , Alcohol law 829 Words | 3 Pages. Drunk driving is considered a serious crime in every state. It is wrong, irresponsible and wastes many lives. People who abuse . alcohol hurt everyone around them, endanger public safety, and create carnage on paper the nation#8217;s highways. There is nothing positive that can come out of drunk driving , so why do people do it? It is cloning introduction research paper society#8217;s job to punish these menaces and try to take control of this out of control issue. Dorothea Paper. America doesn#8217;t want to watch idly as hundreds of people are killed.
Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Blood alcohol content 3033 Words | 7 Pages. ? Driving under the influence of alcohol has affected and essay font standards, devastated countless people’s lives. Driving under the influence is . one of the most dangerous situations you can put yourself or someone else into. If you drink and drive, not only do you possibly put yourself at dorothea research risk but your passengers, as well as other people on the roads too. “Traffic accidents are the leading cause of death for teens, and do u titles in essays, roughly 1/3 of these accidents involve alcohol or another substance.”(DoSomething.org) These victims. Alcoholic beverage , Drinking culture , Driving under the influence 938 Words | 4 Pages. founded. Hard to orem research paper, believe isn’t it?
I am going to of writing an essay, give everyone some information on dorothea research paper what exactly drunk driving is, who may be . affected by drunk driving , what can happen if you are one of the cloning introduction paper millions caught each year for drunk driving , and the tests that may come into to play if you happen to get pulled over. I could not believe how many lives were directly and indirectly affected by drunk driving . Dorothea Orem Research. It is understandably that people die each day from non-alcohol related accidents, but facts from. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Blood alcohol content 1318 Words | 4 Pages. Kendrick Owens May 20, 2013 Topic: Drunk Driving Purpose: The purpose of this speech is to inform audience of . the dangers of drunk driving Central Idea: Drunk driving is a reflection of poor judgment that impairs thought processes and moral behavior and could result in fatalities. Introduction Paper. How many of you have ever heard of the acronym DUI? If you haven't, DUI stands for driving under the influence. It means that an individual has gotten behind the wheel of the dorothea research car while having.
Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Automobile 741 Words | 3 Pages. ? Drunk Driving Death “Every 53 minutes a life is lost in font standards the United States because of drunk . driving accidents; that equals to orem paper, 27 people every day. On average, a drunk driver will drive 80 times under the influence before their first arrest” (“11 Facts About…” 1). Drunk driving is the second cause of car accidents in the US. Texting and driving takes the number one cause of accidents in the United States. Many people have died from drinking and underline book in essays, driving . They could have called someone to take. Adolescence , Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage 1118 Words | 3 Pages. Driving under the research influence, driving while intoxicated, drunken driving , drunk driving , . drink driving , operating under the research influence, drinking and driving , or impaired driving is the act of driving a motor vehicle with blood levels of alcohol in excess of a legal limit . Orem. Similar regulations cover driving or operating certain types of mla format of writing, machinery while affected by drinking alcohol or taking other drugs, including, but not limited to dorothea orem research paper, prescription drugs. Do U Book In Essays. This is a criminal offense in most countries. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Blood alcohol content 1225 Words | 4 Pages. Drunk Drivers Should Lose their License’s Permanently People now a days treat their driving privileges as daily necessities . more than as rights.
The people who take advantage of their driving privileges by break the law by drinking and driving should lose their licenses permanently. Drunk drivers are irresponsible and people like this don’t deserve the right to orem paper, drive. There are many ads and messages about it but they proceed to drink and underline book in essays, drive anyway. This should result in. Law , The Road 483 Words | 3 Pages. Ashlynn Smith Mrs.Nowlin 3A November 8, 2012 Drunk Driving Every year thousands of people die from . Dorothea Research Paper. drunk driving . Some survive a car accident, but others aren’t so lucky.
Drunk drivers should have more punishments than what we have today. It would make the roads a lot safer if we had more cops out, make the blood alcohol level lower than it is energy essay intro now, and make the dorothea orem research paper punishments stricter. This would of alternative energy essay intro, professional cops and law enforcements are highly trained, competent professionals. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Blood alcohol content 1849 Words | 5 Pages. considered drunk driving . That is why drinking and dorothea orem paper, driving is not right, it is wrong! When a person drinks and . drive they are putting everyone that crosses their path in danger. An individual who drinks and drives takes the chances of getting a DUI, a fine, and their license taken away. But most of all, when a person drinks and drives them take the custom plans chance of going to research paper, jail. Many People do not understand the danger that they put others in when they drink, and drive. While driving under the. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Criminal law 1181 Words | 4 Pages.
convicted reckless driving criminals on the road? People convicted of drunk driving should be imprisoned on energy essay intro the . first offense to ensure this safety of others. These people are a danger to our society, and drunk drivers need to be stopped. Imprisoning the intoxicated driver on paper the first offense would lower the intro deaths and dorothea research paper, injuries of the innocent people who happened to be at the wrong place at the wrong time. Drunk Driving is essay called DWI or DUI, Driving While Intoxicated or “ Driving under the dorothea orem research Influence”. Alcoholic beverage , Driving under the influence , Drunk driving 1556 Words | 6 Pages. and engage in do u more harmful activities, like drunk driving . Although surveys have documented a decline in recent years, . consumption rates remain highest from late teen years to the late twenties. Research. Despite the long-term decline since 1982 in alcohol related traffic deaths, a 4 percent increase occurred between 1994 and 1995 among young adults of the age 21 and over. Energy Intro. As alcohol impaired driving persists, The biggest problem with drunk driving by young adults is the high rate of research paper, traffic accidents. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Blood alcohol content 1106 Words | 3 Pages. Word Count: 1145 Driving while intoxicated or drugged is one of the most hazardous and terrifying part of being any victim . Underline Book In Essays. behind the steering wheel.
I chose the dorothea orem research paper topic of drinking or drugged driving because of the essay impact it has on so many innocent lives. Just one wrong move can change the lives of you and the others around you even if they're strangers. I feel as if every human being has the right to live and for a innocent life to be taken away by orem research paper, a careless driver who should not be on the roads. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Driving under the essay font influence 1161 Words | 3 Pages. forced to endure the pain and atrocities due to the carelessness of drunk driving ? Drunk driving has . been a problem in the United States since the introduction of automobiles; however, it did not become an important social issue until the research 1980's.
At that time the political atmosphere defined crime in mla format terms of personal choice and individual responsibility. Drunk driving was defined as a problem located within individuals. Drunk driving is dorothea orem illegal in every state. It is custom written business plans not only dorothea orem illegal, but unsafe to. Alcohol , Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage 1744 Words | 5 Pages.
Rhetorical Analysis: Drunk Driving. ?Corey Friedman’s Lawmakers Target Drunk Drivers, appeared in North Carolina’s “Wilsons Daily Times” on February 18, 2013. In his . essay , Friedman, explains new bills and laws that are trying to get passed by underline book in essays, North Carolina’s congress. They will target and prevent drunk driving across the state by developing harsher laws and orem research, consequences for those found guilty of these offenses. Friedman uses many different perspectives on the issue by restating various North Carolina state representatives, and various. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Blood alcohol content 1466 Words | 4 Pages. ?Michael Pillowcase Rachel Wallows English 102 October 29, 2011 Stricter DUI Laws and the Effect They Could Have At some point in our lives we . have heard a news report that involved a drunk driver and an innocent victim. Mla Format. Usually these incidents are accidents where a person driving under the influence runs a red light or jumps a curb, hitting, and more often than not, killing an dorothea orem research, innocent person. Written. These injuries and deaths are all easily preventable. In the research United States, over 20% of all.
Alcoholic beverage , Driving under the influence , Drunk driving 938 Words | 3 Pages. Drunk Driving Despite many efforts to reduce drunk driving , it continues to alternative, be a problem in the . United States. About 10,000 people die in the United States each year due to drunk driving . Research. In the article Drunk Driving : Why Is MADD Among Critics of Lower Alcohol Limit?, NTSB chair Deborah Hersman said in a statement Most Americans think that we've solved the problem of impaired driving , but in cloning paper fact, it's still a national epidemic, The drinking age has been raised to dorothea research, 21, and the legal limit was. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Driving under the eastern influence 1466 Words | 4 Pages. Annotated Bibliography: Drunk Driving. Annotated Bibliography: Drunk Driving Burke, Sheila.
TN Supreme Court to Hear Field Sobriety Case. The Tennessean. N.p., 23 . Mar. 2013. Web. 28 Mar. 2013. This is orem research paper a very interesting newspaper article out eastern vs western culture of the Tennessean. There is orem research paper a huge case going on about drunk driving and field sobriety tests. This case consists of a 2009 DUI charge in research paper Sevier County that was dismissed because car driver, David Bell, passed six field sobriety tests. Research. The Tennessee Supreme Court has approved to take this case.
Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Driving under the influence 1532 Words | 4 Pages. ?Cloud Computing Is cloud computing a new rage, just a fad, a nebulous idea or a far-reaching trend? Cloud computing has become a buzz word in introduction paper . Research. working and learning environments around the globe. Do U Titles. Newsstands and Internet pages everywhere are inundated with articles, whitepapers and orem research paper, websites dedicated to defining the many facets of cloud computing such as hosting a website on the cloud, building a cloud infrastructure, cloud security, vulnerabilities, capabilities, pros and mla format of writing an essay, cons and cost. IEEE.org. Cloud computing , Google , Joni Mitchell 871 Words | 5 Pages.
Is Drunk Driving worth losing your life? Katie Ideal Thompson * Drinking and driving * Specific Purpose: . Research. To persuade my classmates to not get behind the wheel after drinking. Thesis Statement: Drinking and driving is an issue that most seem to ignore and think it doesn’t affect us but what if one day it did? I. Eastern Culture Vs Western Culture Essay. Attention A. Maybe you were out orem paper with your friends one night having fun drinking at energy essay intro a bar or house party maybe celebrating a birthday or special event such as new years. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Driving under the orem paper influence 1070 Words | 3 Pages.
Drinking While Driving While being behind the wheel in a vehicle, he or she should always be alert and aware of what they’re doing. A good . amount of custom plans, recent car accidents have been from feeble-minded people driving while intoxicated, or texting when they should be focusing on the road. In my opinion not one is more dangerous than the other because they’re both life threatening. There are many similarities and differences between texting while driving and driving while drunk . Orem Research. One that everyone. Driving under the mla format of writing influence , Drunk driving , Drunk driving in the United States 817 Words | 3 Pages. Drinking and Driving Persuasive Essay. Drinking and dorothea orem research paper, Driving Persuasive Essay Comm215 July 12, 2010 Drinking and Driving Each year numerous . lives are lost due to careless and cloning, irrational driving . The disregard for safe driving has been a predicament to dorothea, the United States of America for years. Many years Police have relied heavily on mla format speed cameras, breathalyzer tests and paper, heavy fines as a deterrent against unlawful drivers.
Over the eastern culture essay years fatality rates have increased, so the Department of Transportation and Highway Safety has. Accident , Alcohol law , Drinking culture 862 Words | 3 Pages. Neha Reddy Informative Speech On the night of May 14, 1988, Larry Mahoney was drunk , so drunk that his . blood-alcohol concentration (BAC) was more than twice Kentucky’s legal limit. Regardless, Mahoney got behind the dorothea orem wheel of font standards, his pickup truck and proceeded to drive northbound in the southbound lane of orem paper, Interstate 71, crashing head-on into a church bus returning from an amusement park. The collision ruptured the bus’s gas tank, causing a fire that killed twenty-three children and four. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Blood alcohol content 785 Words | 2 Pages. Madd - Mothers Against Drunk Driving. MOTHERS AGAINST DRUNK DRIVING Listening Plan When I think about attending a MADD meeting might be like, I’m not really sure . what to expect. l know the time of the meeting; Wednesday at custom 5:30pm October 13, 2010. I’ll make sure to eat before going. I don't want to be hungry and I don't like vending machine food. l know me well enough that if I don't eat before going to this meeting I won't be a good listener.
I have been this way since grammar school. I always had to orem research paper, have a good breakfast. The night. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Blood alcohol content 1432 Words | 4 Pages. How to essay font standards, Prevent Drunk Driving in orem research paper BC. What is the Best Solution to Preventing Drunk Driving in BC?
It is true that automobiles make it convenient for people to get . around. Drunk driving is do u book titles in essays a serious crime - in terms of its prevalence and its consequence. A statistic from British Columbia Ministry of Justice shows, from 2008-2012, 472 people were killed in road crashes that involves at least one driver with a BAC (blood alcohol concentration) over 0.08 in BC, and these alcohol-impaired- driving fatalities accounted for dorothea research paper, 26 percent of the. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Criminal law 1437 Words | 5 Pages. mothers against drunk driving madd. ? Mothers against Drunken Driving (MADD) Student’s Name: Institutional Affiliation: Mothers Against Drunk . Driving Candace Lynne Lightner, also known as Candy Lightner, is well recognized as being the founder of Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) (Overbey, 2006). Having been born in the year 1946 in an essay Pasadena, California, Candace graduated from high school and proceeded to enroll in American River College in dorothea research Sacramento where she also graduated (Lerner, 2011).
She later married Steve Lightner. Alcohol law , Candy Lightner , Drinking culture 1002 Words | 5 Pages. Drunk Driving Amongst Teenagers in underline book titles Canada. Driving is fun, but drinking and driving is dorothea research paper not! Hundreds of people are killed and thousands are injured every year in an . accident with a drunk driver. This issue doesn’t only affect the victim itself, but the research paper families, loved ones and communities as well. Drunk driving amongst teens is a serious issue, and is growing by the minute. Drunk driving is somebody’s choice or somebody’s authorization to get behind the orem research wheel when they are clearly impaired. The scars from cloning research, a drunk driving accident take an. Alcohol law , Criminal law , Drinking culture 1960 Words | 5 Pages. What a thing of beauty is the well-written 500 - word essay . In some ways, it is the perfect length to express a . certain level of dorothea research, knowledge about a particular subject.
It is long enough to allow the writer to show familiarity, and possibly expertise, regarding her chosen topic. But it is essay standards not a length that requires copious amounts of dorothea research, research. Book Titles In Essays. When sufficiently motivated, one can manage to research, write, and revise such an essay in an hour or two, given enough practice. Given the dorothea orem fact that students. Bibliography , Creative writing , Essay 527 Words | 2 Pages. Drunk Driving Almost one out of eastern culture essay, every three traffic deaths includes a driver that is under the influence of alcohol.
Imagine . Dorothea Research. when you’re driving , minding your own business, a vehicle comes out of introduction research paper, nowhere and runs you off the road. That driver, that just ran you off the road, isn’t going to orem paper, help you. This means you are stuck with a wrecked car, higher insurance, the expense of a tow truck. That driver who just ran you off the road was mostly likely drunk . If you were lucky enough to survive, you. 2000s American television series , Automobile , Drunk driving 495 Words | 2 Pages. What a thing of beauty is the well-written 500 - word essay . In some ways, it is the perfect length to express a . certain level of knowledge about a particular subject. It is long enough to essay font, allow the writer to show familiarity, and possibly expertise, regarding her chosen topic. But it is not a length that requires copious amounts of orem research paper, research. Titles. When sufficiently motivated, one can manage to research, write, and revise such an research, essay in eastern culture essay an hour or two, given enough practice.
Given the fact that students. Bibliography , Creative writing , Essay 520 Words | 2 Pages. license would be amazing because of so many things you can do when you drive. Learning to orem, drive may be fun, but you also need to alternative energy, be really safe. You have to . be precautious whenever you’re driving . Once, a bad car accident happened when me and my parents where in the car, on our way to Reno. My mom was driving , and we were near the orem research paper mountains.
She has never driven there before, so she just went along reading the signs. We knew it was going to be icy, and cloning introduction research paper, we had to dorothea orem research paper, be careful. When we were going downhill. 2007 singles , Automobile , Driver's license 1254 Words | 3 Pages. ?Marketing in Practise Drinking and driving affects all road users. “Any amount of culture, alcohol affects your ability to dorothea orem paper, drive.” [online] Available . at of writing : http://www.think.direct.gov.uk .When a person drinks several of the bodily functions that we as humans rely on whilst driving can be affected. Dorothea Research. A driver who is culture vs western intoxicated has a poorer judgement of speed and distance, which makes drunk drivers unable to control the dorothea vehicle correctly and standards, safely.
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13.2 . Dorothea Orem. percent of people who drive drunk get into an accident. Growing up Kim’s mom was an alcoholic and she never thought that she would do what her mom did all the time, drive drunk . When she was mad, she made that fast choice and it changed her life forever. Statistics show that 25-50 percent of peoples whose parents were alcoholics end up just like them. Alcohol abuse , Alcoholic beverage , Alcoholism 631 Words | 2 Pages. 1000 Word Essay On The Importance Of Accountability In The Army. 1000 word essay on the importance of accountability in the army Free Essays on 5000 Word . Essay On Accountability Responsibility for students. Culture Essay. Accountability in orem the army is important because soldiers as well as equipment, ammunition, food, water and other various 1000 Words on Accountability.
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Teens everywhere think about drinking, but they usually don’t think about the consequences. In fact, one out of 10 children ages 12 and 13 uses alcohol at . least once a month. In a single year, 522 children under age 14 were arrested for driving while intoxicated, (113 of them were under 10 years old). Research. 70 percent of of writing, all teenagers drink alcohol. 60 percent of all teen deaths in car accidents are alcohol-related. Paper. To most people, these numbers are just statistics. And most teens never think of. Adolescence , Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage 752 Words | 2 Pages.
Theories help explain drunk driving. ? Theories Help Explain Drunk Driving Taylor Forte February 5, 2014 HDFS 2400 University of culture essay, Missouri Fall . 2013 ID: 333795 and Keycode: 2476 Theories Help Explain Drunk Driving Driving while intoxicated persists to orem research, be a major problem amongst teenage drivers. Although there are many precautions taken in underline book in essays order to prevent this type of activity, whether by the school, media or parents’, teens proceed to place themselves into these very high risk situations. Albert Bandura , Educational psychology , Operant conditioning 1194 Words | 5 Pages. so foreign, to paper, a quite country life that is a complete 180 degrees from a busy muggy city life of Los Angeles and Long Beach. Though after talking with my . dad he told me of one story of one night he was up late watching TV and he heard a crash; a drunk driver had swerved onto our lawn but went past and custom, drove into the side of our next door neighbor’s house. Also later that week my cousin, 18 at the time, had been jumped on his way home from school and research, my dad could only imagine if that happened to.
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Although using cell phones. Bluetooth , Cellular network , GSM 1015 Words | 4 Pages. Topic: Drunk Driving Specific Purpose: Inform the class about the an essay problem, the facts, and the solution to drunk . driving Introduction: Opening Comment: Imagine losing a loved one in an accident where everything was taken away from them by someone else who was at dorothea orem research full fault. Cloning Introduction Paper. Central Idea: Driving while intoxicated or drunk is dangerous and drivers with high blood alcohol content or concentration are greatly increased risks of car accidents and car related deaths. Preview of paper, main points. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Blood alcohol content 383 Words | 2 Pages. Drunk Driving Crackdown Saves 732 Lives Per Year. what laws they put into place. One of my best friends was killed by a drunk driver when I was a Sr. in high school so I thought it would be a . good idea to learn more about what laws have been passed to prevent as many people from custom business plans, possible from getting behind the wheel. Dorothea Orem Research. Interdisciplinary Evaluation This topic is definitely interdisciplinary because just one discipline such as law enforcement cannot prevent people from culture culture essay, driving drunk . It takes education, communication. I don’t think people will ever.
Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Drinking culture 1266 Words | 4 Pages. Mothers Against Drunk Driving and dorothea orem paper, Traffic Safety Administration. ?Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) is the nation’s largest nonprofit working to protect families from drunk . driving and underage drinking. MADD also supports drunk and drugged driving victims (Mothers Against Drunk Driving [MADD], 2000). The MADD organization is the result of the tragic death of Cari Lightner and was highly influenced by the suffering of young Laura Lamb which lead to her death as well. Throughout the years, Mothers Against Drunk Driving has expanded to every state in the United. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Driving under the influence 1631 Words | 5 Pages. driver, that should be the question Persuasive Essay ENG4U Due: March 9th 2010 For: . Ms. Leroux-Simurda From Michelle Skippen One glass, two glasses, three glasses, before you know it you are drunk and you need to do u underline titles, get home. You figure everything will be fine, considering you are a great driver, right? Wrong, drinking and orem research paper, driving is written a deadly combination.
One drink and you can reduce you. Alcohol law , Alcoholic beverage , Driving under the influence 863 Words | 3 Pages. ? Driving under the influence may not seem like a big ordeal to teens but in reality it should be taken more cautiously. When being in dorothea research paper . control of a running vehicle, driving drunk can have an eastern, effect on your mental and physical ability. This is where the problem goes unnoticed because many teens now a days think that they have the capability to hold their liquor and proceed on driving . What teens need to realize is that receiving a driver’s license is a privilege that should not be taken advantage. Adolescence , Alcohol intoxication , Alcoholic beverage 674 Words | 2 Pages.
traffic accidents is people using alcohol while driving . So, drunk driving should be banned for 3 problems. Dorothea Research Paper. First, . the effects of alcohol while driving . Second, the facts about mla format an essay drunk driving in Vietnam. Dorothea Orem Paper. Third , the ways to overcome traffic accidents. Now let me explain the first problem. The driver used alcohol was divided into two groups: The first is the cloning introduction research group of people addicted to drinking.
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To help structure my essay , I will be using the Gibb’s (2008. Blood , Drugs , Error 489 Words | 2 Pages. Talking on the Cell Phone While Driving Is Not Like Drunk Driving. use of vs western essay, phones while driving . Dorothea Orem. These days cell phone use while driving is being compared to vs western culture, driving while being . drunk . There are good reasons why people have made it a big issue today, but cell phone use while driving is dorothea orem not like drunk driving . There are big differences between the two, and this belief should not be used as a basis for prohibiting cell phone use while driving . It is obvious by common sense and by actual studies, that talking on the cell phone while driving is essay a distraction to. Cellular network , GSM , Mobile phone 1031 Words | 3 Pages.
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Ear Infections: Causes, Symptoms and dorothea orem Treatments. Around three-quarters of culture essay children will have at least one ear infection by their third birthday. In fact, ear infections are the most common reason parents take their child to see a doctor. 1. Ear infections, also known as glue ear, secretory otitis media, otitis media with effusion, middle ear infection or serous otitis media, are a common problem, particularly in children. Because of their widespread occurrence, ear infections are well understood and still widely researched. You will also see introductions at the end of some sections to any recent developments that have been covered by dorothea orem paper MNT 's news stories. Also look out for links to essay information about paper, related conditions. Here are some key points about do u titles, ear infections. More detail and supporting information is in the main article. Ear infections are more common in young boys than young girls.
Most ear infections improve without intervention. Dorothea Orem Research! Vaccinating your child against the flu can help prevent ear infections. Biofilms of antibiotic-resistant bacteria may be to blame for culture essay prolonged and repeated cases of ear infection. Dorothea Paper! Recent studies have shown that ear infections may have a genetic component. Secondhand smoke increases the risk of ear infections. Different racial groups have different levels of susceptibility to custom business plans ear infections. Ear infections are very common and affect 5 out of 6 children in their first 3 years. As the name suggests, an ear infection is dorothea paper a bacterial or viral infection of the ear - specifically the middle ear.
This infection causes inflammation and the build-up of fluid within the ear's internal cavities. The middle ear is a fluid-filled space situated behind the eardrum that contains the vibrating bones necessary to convert external sound into of writing meaningful signals for the brain. Ear infections are painful because the paper inflammation and build-up of excess fluids cause pressure on the ear drum. Often, ear infections will clear up by themselves, and the only medication necessary is font standards pain management. In more severe or prolonged cases, particularly where young infants are concerned, antibiotics may be used.
Babies under 6 months require antibiotic treatment to help prevent the spread of dorothea orem research paper infection. For children aged 6 months to 2 years, physicians typically recommend a watch-and-wait strategy without antibiotics, unless it is clear that the cause of alternative symptoms is an ear infection. For children older than 2, antibiotics are not normally prescribed. Overuse of antibiotics leads to antibiotic resistance, meaning that more serious infections become more difficult to dorothea research treat. In adults, the symptoms are simple: ear pain, fluid from the ear and diminished hearing. In children, there is a longer list of essay intro signs to look out for which include:
Tugging or pulling at the ear Ear pain, especially when lying down Difficulty sleeping Crying more than normal Loss of balance Difficulty hearing Fever Lack of dorothea orem appetite Headache. Ear infections are generally subdivided into three categories, as follows: AOM is the most common and written business plans least serious form of ear infection. The middle ear is infected and swollen, and fluid is trapped behind the eardrum. Fever can also be present. After an ear infection has run its course, there may be some fluid left behind the drum which remains in dorothea orem place. Font Standards! Someone with OME may not display any outward symptoms, but a doctor will be able to spot the residual fluid. Chronic otitis media with effusion (COME)
COME refers to a recurrent state where fluid repeatedly returns to research paper the middle ear, with or without an infection present. The main issues with COME are a decrease in ability to fight other infections and a negative impact on hearing ability. An ear infection often begins with a cold, flu or allergic reaction that increases mucus in the sinuses and eustachian tubes. Essay Intro! 2 This initial illness will also cause inflammation of the nasal passages, throat and eustachian tubes. The eustachian tubes connect the middle ear to the back of the throat. The ends of these tubes open and close to regulate air pressure in orem the middle ear, refresh the air in mla format of writing an essay the middle ear and drain away normal secretions.
A respiratory infection or allergy can block the eustachian tubes, causing an accumulation of fluids in the middle ear. If this fluid becomes infected bacterially or virally, this causes an ear infection. The eustachian tubes of young children are smaller and more horizontal than in older children and adults. Dorothea Paper! This means that fluid is more likely to collect in the tubes rather than to drain, which increases the risk of an ear infection. The adenoids are pads of tissue which sit high in the back of the nasal cavity.
They react to passing bacteria and viruses and play a part in of writing immune system activity. Bacteria can sometimes get trapped in the adenoids, however, which can lead to infection and inflammation of the eustachian tubes and the middle ear. The adenoids are close to dorothea research the openings of the eustachian tubes, and if they swell up, they can cause the tubes to close. Children have relatively large adenoids that are more active than those of adults, which is standards another reason why they are more likely to contract ear infections. Tests and diagnosis of ear infection. There are a number of ways to paper diagnose ear infections. Doctors will typically use a device called an essay standards otoscope.
Testing for ear infection is a relatively simple procedure and a diagnosis can often be made on the basis of symptoms alone. The doctor will generally use an otoscope (an instrument with an dorothea orem research attached light) to check for fluid behind the ear drum. A physician will sometimes use a pneumatic otoscope to test for infection. Essay! This device releases a puff of air into the ear to check for fluid. In normal conditions, the eardrum will move more than if there is fluid behind the eardrum. If in research paper doubt, the doctor may use other methods to research paper discern whether the middle ear is infected: A device that seals off the ear canal and adjusts the dorothea orem research paper pressure within. Book! The device measures the dorothea orem paper movement of the eardrum membrane, allowing the physician to determine the amount of pressure in the middle ear.
This method works by bouncing sound against the eardrum. Custom Written Business Plans! The amount of sound that is bounced back is an indication of fluid build-up. A healthy ear will absorb the majority of the sound whereas an infected one will reflect a proportion of the sound waves. If an ear infection has not responded well to treatment, a doctor may use tympanocentesis. This procedure involves creating a small hole in the eardrum and draining a small amount of fluid from the inner ear. Dorothea Orem Research! This fluid can then be tested to determine the infectious agent. The majority of ear infections will subside of mla format of writing their own accord. Dorothea! The wait-and-see approach is recommended as an option by the American Academy of Family Physicians for: 3.
Children aged 6-23 months with mild inner ear pain in one ear for less than 48 hours and a temperature of less than 102.2 degrees Fahrenheit. Children aged 24 months and over with mild inner ear pain in custom written business one or both ears for less than 48 hours and dorothea orem research a temperature of less than 102.2 degrees Fahrenheit. If the condition persists, the American Academy of Family Physicians recommend pain management - acetaminophen, ibuprofen or ear drops, to custom business help with fever and discomfort. A warm compress over the affected ear may also be soothing. Antibiotics (often amoxicillin) are another possible treatment option.
If ear infections continue with recurring episodes over several months or a year, your doctor may suggest a myringotomy. In this procedure, a surgeon makes a small cut in the eardrum, enabling them to release the fluid build-up. A tiny myringotomy tube is then inserted to dorothea research help ventilate the middle ear and prevent further fluid build-up. These tubes are left in situ for 6 months to a year and generally fall out of their own accord. As mentioned in titles the introduction, ear infections are incredibly common, especially amongst children due to an immature immune system and differences in the anatomy of the ear. Because of the prevalence of ear infections, there is dorothea orem research no guaranteed way to do u in essays prevent them, but there are a number of recommendations that will lessen the risk of infection: Vaccinated children are less likely to get ear infections - ask your physician about research paper, meningitis, pneumococcal and flu vaccinations Wash your hands and your child's hands often - this prevents the potential spread of alternative essay intro bacteria to your child and can help prevent them catching colds and flu Quit smoking and avoid secondhand smoke exposure - babies who spend time around people who are smoking are two to three times more likely to get ear infections 4 Breastfeed infants where possible as this helps enhance immunity If bottle-feeding an infant, feed them sitting up so as to reduce the risk of dorothea research paper milk flowing into their middle ear - do not let a baby suck on a bottle while lying down Avoid letting your child play with sick children and try to alternative minimize their exposure to dorothea orem group care or large groups of children Do not use antibiotics unless necessary.
Ear infections are more likely in children who have had an paper ear infection within the previous 3 months, especially if they were treated with antibiotics. Current research into ear infections. Research is ongoing into methods of minimizing the number of children with ear infections is ongoing. There are a number of areas of interest to groups researching potential advancements into the treatment and prevention of ear infections, such as the orem research paper National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD). 1. Below is a selection of the areas currently being investigated: Researchers have observed differences in custom business rates of ear infection between different racial groups. One area of interest is the variation in susceptibility to ear infections among children of different races. For instance, Native American and Hispanic children are more likely to develop these types of infections compared with children of other races.
Recent Indian Health Service data suggested outpatient visits for otitis media for American Indian/Alaska Native infants were almost three times the paper national average. 5 Although it is not yet known why the book in essays risk of ear infections is higher in these populations, there is a suspicion that small variations in the anatomy of the ear could be a factor. In an orem paper attempt to discover what makes children who suffer from recurrent ear infections different, doctors have recently studied biofilms in the middle ears of of writing children. Biofilms are colonies of antibiotic-resistant bacteria that are found in the middle ears of most children with recurrent ear infections. It appears that co-infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus), a leading cause of otitis media, and dorothea orem paper influenza A virus could increase the growth of eastern vs western culture biofilms.
Antibiotics are not effective against dorothea paper viruses and plans improper use can increase bacterial resistance and dorothea research paper may increase the likelihood of biofilm development. 9. Learning how to deal with these biofilms - which have proved incredibly difficult to grow outside of the ear - could mark a great improvement in the general treatment of ear infections. 6. Another strand of research investigates ways in which a child's speech and language development might be impacted by ear infections.
Young children develop language understanding incredibly swiftly, so prolonged gaps in this learning could potentially be detrimental to their future verbal performance. A study published in Nature Genetics has produced evidence of a genetic component to ear infections. The research found a duplication variant within the middle ear-specific gene A2ML1. Paper! 7. The A2ML1 gene controls the dorothea orem paper function of a protein that binds to and blocks enzymes called proteases. Proteases kill infectious microbes but, if left unchecked, can also damage the middle ear and alternative possibly its defense mechanisms against infection. The exact role of orem research paper this gene is not known, and it is unlikely to be the do u underline whole story.
However, it is another avenue of research that could yield helpful information in the fight against ear infections. Research into the possibility of vaccinating children against pneumococcus has recently been investigated. Research Paper! To date, this method has had varied results. 8. Because of the prevalence of ear infections and the discomfort they cause, research will no doubt continue to unearth new and of writing an essay fascinating aspects of the orem condition. New research led by the University of Southampton in the UK offers a non-surgical, non-drug treatment for otitis media with effusion in the form of a simple procedure where the patient blows into a balloon through the nose. A new animal study suggests repurposing an existing drug - vinpocetine, that has long been used to alternative essay treat stroke and other neurological disorders - may provide a much needed nonantibiotic treatment for middle ear infection. Article last updated on Wed 9 December 2015. NIDCD, Ear infections in children, accessed 27 October 2015 Mayo Clinic, Ear infection (middle ear), accessed 27 October 2015 American Academy of Family Physicians, Clinical practice guidelines: otitis media, accessed 27 October 2015 Centers for Disease Control and paper Prevention (CDC), Smoking and youth, accessed 27 October 2015 Recurrent ear infections among American Indians and Alaska native children: evidence from a national sample, Ginger Gossman and W. Parker Frisbie PhD, presented at the Population Association of custom business America Annual Meeting, 17-19 April 2008. Nature , Bulky biofilms found in kids' ears, accessed 27 October 2015 Rare A2ML1 variants confer susceptibility to otitis media, Regie Lyn P Santos-Cortez et al., Nature Genetics , doi:10.1038/ng.3347, published online 29 June 2015, abstract. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines for preventing otitis media, Alexandre C Fortanier et al., Cochrane Library , doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001480.pub4, published online 2 April 2014.
Influenza A virus alters pneumococcal nasal colonization and middle ear infection independently of phase variation, JT Wren et al., Infect Immun , doi: 10.1128/IAI.01856-14, published online 25 August 2014, abstract. Please use one of the following formats to dorothea research cite this article in your essay, paper or report: Newman, Tim. Ear Infections: Causes, Symptoms and standards Treatments. Dorothea Orem Paper! Medical News Today . MediLexicon, Intl., 9 Dec. 2015. Web. 3 Oct. 2017. Paper! https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/167409.php Newman, T. (2015, December 9). Ear Infections: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments.
Medical News Today . Orem Research Paper! Retrieved from. Please note: If no author information is provided, the source is cited instead. Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK. 2004-2017 All rights reserved. Mla Format An Essay! MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media.
Any medical information published on orem, this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and culture essay you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional.