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Causes of ww1 and ww2 essay - visiduino io | Forum
bsa scouting resume RESUME OF SCOUTING EXPERIENCE OF KIRK H. Causes Essay! DOAN. Kirk H. Doan , born January, 1953, Independence, Iowa. Wind Turbine Research Paper! Present address: Lee's Summit, Missouri. Practicing attorney specializing in healthcare and business law since 1978 with Stinson Leonard Street LLP, 1201 Walnut Street, Suite 2800, Kansas City, Missouri 64106. Married to causes of ww2 essay, Laura B. Doan, M.D., OB/GYN physician with Associated Women's Care Physicians, P.C.; Two sons; Kent Carson Doan (Eagle Scout) and way to Quint Clark Doan. Of Ww2! I. Program Experience as Youth. Cub Scouts 1961-1963; Webelos 1964; Boy Scouts 1964-present. Senior Patrol Leader 1967; Junior Assistant Scoutmaster 1970-1974. Explorer Scouts 1968. Arrow of holocaust essay competition, Light Award 1964.
Eagle Scout Award October 17, 1967; additionally earned three Eagle Palms. Member, Knights of Dunamis. Member, National Eagle Scout Association. Member, Alpha Phi Omega, Iowa State University Chapter. Attended Philmont Scout Ranch, Wapsipinicon Area Council Contingent, 12 day trek, 1970. Causes Of Ww2! Summer Camp Staff: Camp Ingawanis, Waverly, Iowa, Assistant Commissioner 1969, 1970, Trading Post Director 1971, Commissioner 1972; Camp OA Geagor, Grand Junction, Colorado, Commissioner 1972. National Jamboree Trading Post Staff 1973 (Idaho). Essay! National Camping School: Commissioner Training 1970, Camp Ransburg, Indianapolis, Indiana; Business Manager/Trading Post Training, S-F Scout Ranch St. Louis, Missouri 1971. II.
Program Experience as Adult Scouter (Age 21+) . Assistant Scoutmaster, Troop 47, Independence, Iowa 1974-1982; OA Lodge Adviser, Tamegonit Lodge 147, Kansas City, Missouri 1983-1992; Explorer Post Adviser and causes Committeeman, Post 126, Lee's Summit, Missouri (Aviation Specialty) 1989-1996. Chartered Organization Representative, Pack Committee Chairman, Cubmaster and art and essay Troop Committeeman, Pack and causes of ww2 essay Troop 255, Woods Chapel United Methodist Church, Lee's Summit, MO 1996-Present. Tamegonit Lodge 147 Chapter 5 Advisor 2003 - 2007. Member, International Scouting Committee, Heart of America Council, BSA 2007-present. Member, National Eagle Scout Association.
Heart of America Council, Kansas City, Missouri, Camping Committee 1983-1992. Awarded 50 Year Veteran Pin in 2011. Life Member, National Association of United Methodist Scouters (NAUMS). Summer Camp Staff: Camp Waubeek, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Commissioner 1974; Program Director 1975; Program Director and for writing your Pool Director 1976. Brownsea Staff, Camp Wakonda, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 1976. Causes! National Camping School: Program Director Training, S-F Scout Ranch, St. Louis, Missouri 1975.
Philmont Training Center: United Methodist Conference on Scouting 1997. Awards and competition Honors: Arrow of Light 1964; Eagle Scout 1967, Earned Bronze, Silver Gold Palms; Vigil Honor of the Order of the Arrow 1970; Tamegonit Lodge White Buffalo Society 1984; Cub Scouter Award 2000; James E. West Fellowship Award 2000; God and causes essay Service Adult Religious Award 2001; Tiger Cub Coach Award 2001; Cubmaster Award 2001; District Award of Merit 2002; 50-year Veteran Award 2011; 2015 Distinguished Service Award of the International Scouting Collectors Association; Centurion Award, Order of the wind research Arrow 2015. Essay! III. National and World Jamborees . National Jamboree Trading Post Staff 1973 (Idaho); Visitor to 1985 Fort AP Hill, Virginia; 1989 Fort AP Hill Virginia; 1993 Fort AP Hill, Virginia; 1997 Fort AP Hill Virginia. First Assistant Scoutmaster, Heart of America Council Contingent Troop 1213 to wind turbine research, 2005 National Scout Jamboree, Ft.
A.P. Hill, Virginia; Staff of causes of ww2 essay, 2010 National Scout Jamboree, Merit Badge Midway, Stamp Collecting Merit Badge Staff, Ft. A.P. Hill, Virginia; Staff of 2013 National Scout Jamboree, Stamp Collecting Merit Badge Staff, Bechtel Family Scout Reservation, Beckley, West Virginia. U.S. Member of art and essay, International Service Team, 21st World Scout Jamboree 2007 in of ww2 essay, Chelmsford, Essex, England; U.S. Member of holocaust essay, International Service Team, 22nd World Scout Jamboree in of ww2 essay, Rinkaby, Sweden 2011. IV.
Order of the Arrow . Ordeal Member 1967, Brotherhood 1968, Vigil Honor 1970. Essay! Lodge Chief of causes, Wakosha Lodge #108, Waterloo, Iowa 1969-1971. Holocaust! Lodge Committee Advisor 1979-1982 and causes of ww2 essay Lodge Lay Advisor of Tamegonit Lodge 147, Kansas City, Missouri 1983-1992; Chapter Advisor of Chapter 5, Tamegonit Lodge 147, Kansas City, Missouri 2003-2007. Attended the following National Order of the Arrow Conferences: 1969 (Indiana); 1971 (Illinois); 1973 (USC Santa Barbara); 1975 (Miami of Ohio); 1979 (Colorado State); 1981 (Texas, Training Staff); 1983 (Rutgers, Training Staff); 1986 (E. Michigan, Training Staff); 1988 (Colorado State); 1990 (Indiana); 1992 (Tennessee); 1994 (Purdue); 1996 (Indiana); 1998 (Iowa State); 2000 (Tennessee), 2004 (Iowa State), 2006 (Michigan State), 2009 (Indiana), 2012 (Michigan State) and 2015 (Michigan State).
Attended both 1985 and 1989 Order of the Arrow Philmont Treks (N.Mex.)(Contingent leader). National OA Leadership Seminars: 1981 Camp Beaumont, St. On Ipad! Louis, Missouri; 1985 Hamline University, St. Causes Of Ww2 Essay! Paul, Minnesota (Training Staff); 1988 Fitzsimmons Army Hospital, Denver, Colorado. Tester Essayeur! Attended 2004 Central Region National Lodge Advisor Training Seminar (NLATS) in essay, Parkville, Missouri. Attended the following OA Section Training Conferences: 1980 (Joplin), 1981 (Topeka), 1982 (Hutchinson), 1983 (Junction City), 1984 (Wichita), 1985 (Kansas City), 1986 (Hutchinson), 1988 (Topeka), 1989 (Junction City), 1990 (Wichita), 1991 (Kansas City).
Completed training in Youth Protection Guidelines and wind research paper CPR Training. V. Tribe of causes essay, Mic-O-Say . Holocaust Essay Competition! Honorary Warrior, August 1984, Camp Bartle, Osceola, Missouri, Heart of America Council, B.S.A. Of Ww2! Eagle Scout coup, Adult Religious Award Coup, Coup of the Long Trail and 75th Anniversary Coup. Tester Essayeur! A. Law School: University of Iowa Law School, Iowa City, Iowa, August 1975-May 1978, graduated Magna Cum Laude with J.D. Degree. B. Law School Honors: Order of the causes Coif (Limited to top 10% of the best way to Class and of ww2 essay faculty recommendation); Recipient of buy resume your, 1978 Hammond Award for Outstanding Academic Achievement; National Finalist - 1977 Rhodes Scholarship Selections - was included in final group of candidates from which one-third thereof became Rhodes Scholars at Oxford University, England. C. University: Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, August 1971-May 1975, Bachelor of Science Degree, graduated Magna Cum Laude. D. Of Ww2 Essay! Professional Honors. Martindale Hubbell rating AV® Preeminent™ (Highest ranking), Who's Who in American Law, Who's Who in America. Tester Essayeur! President, Lawyers Association of Kansas City 2008-09; Best Lawyers in Kansas City, Ingram's Magazine; Best of the Bar, Kansas City Business Journal; Best Lawyers in essay, Missouri/Kansas, K.C.
Magazine; Best Lawyers In America, 2010 to present. Camp Fire, Inc. Essay On Protecting! - General Counsel, Greater K.C. Chapter 1988-1998. Of Ww2! Civil Air Patrol - U.S. Tester Essayeur! Air Force Auxiliary, Rank - Captain, Instrument Rated Pilot. The Metropolitan Medical Society of Kansas City - General Counsel 2001-2006. Of Ww2 Essay! The Metropolitan Medical Foundation, Board of Directors 2009 to 2012. Greater Kansas City Society of Health Care Attorneys, President 2004-2005, Board of Directors 2006 - Present. American Mensa Member. Woods Chapel United Methodist, Chairman of Administrative Board 1997, Trustee 1998-2001, 2003 to 2005, Legal Counsel 1990 - Present. Bar Plan Title Insurance Company, Board of Directors 1992-2003.
Missouri Medicine Political Action Committee - Board Member 2003-2004. American Arbitration Association, Commercial Arbitration Advisory Board, 2004-Present. American Heart Association, Board of Directors of wind turbine paper, Kansas City Metropolitan Division, 2007 - 2011. Lawyers Association of Kansas City, President 2008-09. National Association of Past Bar Presidents, 2010 to causes of ww2 essay, Present. For Writing Objective! International Relations Council of Greater Kansas City, Board of causes essay, Directors, 2013 - Present.
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Essay: Causes of World War 2
Select Your Section Order on causes essay the New GMAT. Good news! Starting July 11, 2017 the GMAT will allow you to select the order in which you take the sections of the test (from a menu of three options). This new “Select Section Order” feature gives you more control over your your test-day experience and an opportunity to play to of ww2, your strengths. The bad news? Now in addition to wildlife, the 37 Quant questions, 41 Verbal questions, 12 Integrated Reasoning questions, and Essay, you have one more question you have to essay, answer.
But don’t stress – here’s an analysis of how to make this important decision: Most importantly: statistically, the order of the sections on the GMAT does not matter. GMAC ran a pilot program last year and concluded that reordering the sections of the exam had no impact on scores. So there is no way you can make this decision “wrong” – choosing Quant first vs. Verbal first (or vice versa) doesn’t put you at a disadvantage (or give you an advantage). The only impact that this option will have on your score is holocaust essay, a psychological one: which order makes you feel like you’re giving yourself the best shot. Also hugely important: make sure you have a plan well before test day. Select Section Order has great potential to give you confidence on test day, but you don’t want the added stress of one more “big” decision on causes test day or even the day before. Make your plan at least a week before test day, take your final practice test(s) in the exact order you’ll use on wildlife the real thing, and of ww2 essay save your decision-making capacity for test questions. Holocaust Competition. A great option for of ww2 essay, this is the for writing objective, Veritas Prep practice tests , which are currently the only GMAT practice tests in the industry that let you customize the order of your test like the real exam. And now for the ever-important question on causes of ww2 everyone’s mind: in what order should I take the sections?
Make sure that you recognize that you only essay on protecting wildlife, have three options: Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative, Verbal (original order) Verbal, Quantitative, Integrated Reasoning, Analytical Writing Assessment Quantitative, Verbal, Integrated Reasoning, Analytical Writing Assessment. Note that you don’t have the option to split up the AWA and IR sections, and that the AWA/IR block comes either first or last: Quant and Verbal will remain adjacent no matter what order you choose, so you can’t plan yourself a nice “break” in between the two. Also, recognize that all test-takers are different. As there is no inherent, universal advantage to one order versus the other, your decision isn’t so much “Quant vs. Verbal” but rather “stronger subject vs. not-as-strong subject.” You can fill in the names “Quant” and “Verbal” based on your own personal strengths. For this analysis, we’ll use “Stronger” and “Not as Strong” to refer to your choice between Quant/Verbal, and “AWA/IR” as the third category. Traditionally, one of the biggest challenges of the GMAT has been related to stamina and causes of ww2 fatigue: it’s a long test, and by the end people are worn out. And over the last 5 years, the fast-paced Integrated Reasoning section has also proven a challenge – very few people comfortably finish the IR section, so it’s quite common to be a combination of tired and demoralized heading into art and essay, the Quant section. Causes. Plus, let’s be honest: the IR and AWA scores just don’t matter as much as the Quant/Verbal scores, so if stamina and confidence are potentially limited quantities, you want to use as much of them as possible on the sections that b-schools care about essay most. Who should take AWA/IR first?
Non-native speakers for of ww2 essay, whom the best way to essays, essay will be important . The danger of waiting until all the way at the end of the test to essay, write the essay is tester essayeur, that doing so increases the difficulty of writing clearly and coherently: you’ll just be really tired. If you need your AWA to shine and you’re a bit concerned about it as it is, you may want to attack it first. Not-morning-people with first-thing-in-the-morning test appointments . If you got stuck with a test appointment that’s much earlier than the timeframe when you feel alert and capable, AWA/IR is a good opportunity to spend an causes essay hour of extended warmup getting into the day. Best Way To. If you have a later test appointment and still want a warmup, though, you’re better served doing a few practice problems before you head to the test center. REASONS TO DO YOUR STRONGER SECTION (Q vs. V) FIRST. 1) You like a good “warmup” to get started on a project . At work you typically start the day by responding to casual emails or reading industry news, because you know your most productive/creative/impactful work will come after you’ve taken a bit of time to get your head in the game. Playing to essay, your strength first will let you experience early success so that your mind is primed for the tougher section to come.
2) You want to start with a confidence booster . Buy Resume Your. Test-taking is very psychological – for example, studies show that test results are significantly impacted when examinees are prompted beforehand with reasons that they should perform well or poorly. Getting started with a section that reminds you that “you’re good at this!” is causes of ww2, a great way to prime your mind for success and confidence. 3) You need your stronger section to essay wildlife, carry your overall score . Those with specific score targets often find that the easiest way to hit them is to max out on their better score, gaining as many points as possible there and then hoping to scrounge up enough on the other section to hit that overall threshold. Doing your strength first may help you hit it while you’re fresh and gather up all those points before you get worn down by causes of ww2 other sections. Tester Essayeur. (Be careful, though: elite schools tend to prefer balanced scores to imbalanced scores, so make sure you consider that.) REASONS TO DO YOUR WEAKER SECTION (Q vs. V) FIRST.
1) You’re a fast starter . If like to hit the ground running on of ww2 essay projects or workdays, you may want to deal with your biggest challenge first while you’re freshest and before fatigue sets in. 2) You hate having stress looming on the horizon . Similarly, if you’re the type who always did your homework immediately after school and always pays your bills the day you get them, there mere presence of the challenge waiting you could add stress through the earlier sections. Why not confront it immediately and best essays on ipad get it over with? 3) Your test appointment is late in the day . If you’ve been waiting all day to get the test started, you’ve likely been anxious knowing that you have a major event in front of causes essay you. Wildlife. Warm up with some easier problems and review in the hour before the test and attack it quickly.
4) You’re retaking the test to causes of ww2, specifically improve that section . In some cases, students are told that they can get off the waitlist or will only be considered if they get a particular section score to a certain threshold. If that’s you, turn that isolated section into a 75-minute test followed by research paper a couple hours of formality, instead of forcing yourself to wait for the important part. 5) You crammed for of ww2, it . We’ve all been there: your biology midterm is at 11am but you have to go to holocaust competition, a history class from 9-10:30, and essay all the while you’re sitting there worried that you’re losing the essay competition, information you memorized last night. If you’re worried about remembering certain formulas, rules, or strategies, you might as well use them immediately before you get distracted. Of Ww2 Essay. Note: this does not mean you should cram for the GMAT! But if you did, you may want to apply that short-term memory as quickly as possible. CAN’T DECIDE? THE CASE FOR DOING VERBAL FIRST.
If the above reasons leave you conflicted, Veritas Prep recommends doing the Verbal section first. Tester Essayeur. The skills required on the Verbal section are largely about of ww2 focus – noting precision in wording, staying engaged in bland reading passages, switching between a variety of different topics – and focus is something that naturally fades over the course of the test. The ability to take the Verbal section when you’re most alert and able to concentrate is a terrific luxury. Ultimately it’s best that you choose the your, order that makes you personally feel most confident, but if you can’t decide, most experts report that they would personally choose Verbal first. Because, statistically, the order of the sections doesn’t really matter, the causes, only thing that matters with Select Section Order is doing what makes you feel most confident and comfortable. So recognize that you cannot make a bad decision! What’s important is art and essay, that you don’t let this decision add stress or fatigue to your test day.
Make your decision at least 2 practice tests before the causes of ww2, real thing, considering the advice above, and then don’t look back. The section selection option is a great way to ensure that your test experience feels as comfortable as possible, so, whatever you choose, believe in your decision and then go conquer the GMAT. Getting ready to take the tester essayeur, GMAT? Prepare for the exam with a computer-adaptive Veritas Prep practice test – the only test in the industry that allows you to practice section selection like the real exam! And as always, be sure to follow us on Facebook , YouTube , Google+ , and Twitter for causes of ww2, the latest in test prep and write essays on ipad MBA admissions news. GMAT Tip of the Week: Make J. Cole One of Your Critical Reasoning Role Modelz.
Today, we’re going to of ww2, discuss how a seemingly random hip-hop lyric relates to boosting your GMAT Score: “Don’t save her; she don’t want to be saved.” – J. Cole, “No Role Modelz” One of the wind turbine research, most common misconceptions that GMAT examinees have about the exam is that, while on quantitative questions, only one answer can be correct and everything else is wrong, on verbal questions “my wrong answer was good, but maybe not the best.” It is critical to realize that on causes essay GMAT verbal questions, exactly one answer is right and the other four are fatally flawed and 100% wrong! Visit a GMAT classroom or a GMAT Club forum thread discussing a Critical Reasoning problem, and tester essayeur you’re almost certain to see/hear students protesting for why their wrong answer could be right. “Well but what if the argument said X, would I be right?” “Well but what if instead of “some” it said “most” would it be right then?” But students love trying to save an causes of ww2 incorrect answer to verbal questions, and in particular Critical Reasoning questions. Best Way To Write On Ipad. And to an extent that’s understandable: in high school and college, math was always black and white but in “verbal” classes (literature and the arts, history, philosophy…) as long as you could defend your stance or opinion you could be considered “right” even if that opinion differed from causes of ww2, that of your professor.
You could “save” an incorrect or unpopular position on an issue by finding a way to justify your stance, and in some cases you were even rewarded for proposing and defending an holocaust unorthodox, contrarian viewpoint. But on Critical Reasoning problems, remember this important mantra about incorrect answers: Don’t save her; she don’t want to be saved. Your job is to attack answer choices, looking for the flaw instead of looking for ways to defend. Each incorrect answer choice is specifically written so that someone will see something redeeming about part of it – otherwise no one would ever pick it and it would be a waste of an answer – so looking for ways to save an causes essay answer choice is a fool’s errand. If you’re looking for art and essay, little things to like about answer choices you should find that in just about every answer choice you see. The operative word in causes essay, “Critical Reasoning” is critical – you want to be as critical as you can, much like J. Way To Write Essays On Ipad. Cole is of ww2 essay, when he discusses his relationships in No Role Modelz . According to a recent study, employees who bring their own lunches to work take fewer sick days and and are, on average, more productive per hour spent at work than those who eat at the workplace cafeteria. In order to minimize the best way to, number of sick days taken by its staff, Boltech Industries plans to eliminate its cafeteria.
Which of the following, if true, provides the most reason to believe that Boltech Industries’ strategy will not accomplish its objective? A) Boltech’s cafeteria is known for serving a diverse array of causes of ww2 healthy lunch options. B) Because of Boltech’s location, employees who choose to visit a nearby restaurant for research, lunch will seldom be able to essay, return within an hour. C) Employees have expressed concern about the cost of dining at nearby restaurants compared with the affordability of the essay competition, Boltech cafeteria. D) Employees who bring their lunch from home tend to causes, lead generally healthier lifestyles than those of employees who purchase lunch.
E) Many Boltech employees chose to work for the company in large part because of the generous benefits, such as an on-site cafeteria and fitness center, that Boltech offers. Less than half of all test-takers get this problem right, in large part because they try to “save” wrong answer choices. Essay On Protecting Wildlife. The goal of this plan is very clearly stated as “to minimize the number of sick days” but students very frequently pick choices B and E. With B, they try to save it by thinking “but isn’t being away from causes of ww2, your desk a long time for a lunch really bad, too?” And the art and essay, answer may very well be “yes” but the question specifically asks for a reason to think that the strategy will not achieve its objective, and that objective is very clearly stated as pertaining only to sick days. “Well what if the plan was to minimize time away from essay, employees’s desks?” students love to ask, committed to saving the bad answer choice. Wind Research. While that answer might be “yes,” the even bigger answer is “train yourself to essay, stop trying to save wrong answers!” The study time you expend trying to wind research, create a situation in which your wrong answer would be right (“well with E, if the goal were employee retention then it would probably be right”) is causes of ww2 essay, time you spend reinforcing a habit that can get you in trouble on test day.
Trying to tester essayeur, save answers leads you both to wrong answers and to extra time spent on a hard decision, because, again, if your mindset is to look for the good in every answer choice those choices are written to give you something good to find! So as you study, and especially on test day, heed the wisdom of causes of ww2 J. Cole. If you fall into the trap of saving answers, tell the GMAT “fool me one time, shame on best way to write you; fool me twice can’t put the blame on you.” But most importantly, as you look at Critical Reasoning answer choices, don’t save her. She don’t want to be saved. GMAT Tip of the causes of ww2, Week: The Song Remains the Same.
Welcome back to hip hop month in the GMAT Tip of the Week space, where we’re constantly asking ourselves, “Wait, where have I heard that before?” If you listen to enough hip hop, you’ll recognize that just about every beat or lyric you hear either samples from or derives from another track that came before it (unless, of course, the artist is objective, Ol’ Dirty Bastard, for causes of ww2 essay, whom, as his nickname derives, there ain’t no father to his style). Biggie’s “Hypnotize” samples directly from “La Di Da Di” (originally by art and essay Doug E. Fresh – yep, he’s the causes of ww2, one who inspired “The Dougie” that Cali Swag District wants to teach you – and buy resume for writing your Slick Rick). Causes. “Biggie Biggie Biggie, can’t you see, sometimes your words just hypnotize me…” was originally “Ricky, Ricky, Ricky…” And right around the same time, Snoop Dogg and write essays on ipad 2Pac just redid the entire song just about causes verbatim, save for a few brand names. The “East Coast edit” of Chris Brown’s “Loyal” ? French Montana starts his verse straight quoting Jay-Z’s “I Just Wanna Love U” (“I’m a pimp by blood, not relation, I don’t chase ’em, I replace ’em…”), which (probably) borrowed the line “I don’t chase ’em I replace ’em” from a Biggie track , which probably got it from best way to on ipad, something else. And these are just songs we heard on essay the radio this morning driving to holocaust essay, work… The point? Hip hop is a constant variation on the same themes, one of the of ww2, greatest recycling centers the world has ever known. And so is the write, GMAT. Good test-takers – like veteran hip hop heads – train themselves to see the familiar within what looks (or sounds) unique. A hip hop fan often says, “Wait, where I have heard that before?” and similarly, a good test-taker sees a unique, challenging problem and of ww2 essay says, “Wait, where have I seen that before?” And just like you might recite a lyric back and forth in your mind trying to essay wildlife, determine where you’ve heard it before, on test day you should recite the operative parts of the problem or the rule to of ww2 essay, jog your memory and to remind yourself that you’ve seen this concept before.
Is it a remainder problem? Flip through the concepts that you’ve seen during your GMAT prep about working with remainders (“the remainder divided by the divisor gives you the decimals; when the numerator is buy resume for writing your objective, smaller then the denominator the causes, whole numerator is the remainder…”). Is it a geometry problem? Think of the rules and relationships that showed up on tricky geometry problems you have studied (“I can always draw a diagonal of a rectangle and create a right triangle; I can calculate arc length from an inscribed angle on a circle by essay competition doubling the measure of that angle and causes essay treating it like a central angle…”). Is it a problem that asks for a seemingly-incalculable number? Run through the wind research paper, strategies you’ve used to of ww2, perform estimates or determine strange number properties on similar practice problems in the past. The GMAT is a lot like hip hop – just when you think they’ve created something incredibly unique and innovative, you dig back into your memory bank (or click to a jazz or funk station) and realize that they’ve basically re-released the same thing a few times a decade, just under a slightly different name or with a slightly different rhythm. You won’t see anything truly unique on the GMAT. Wind Research. So when you find yourself stumped, act like the old guy at of ww2, work when you tell him to listen to a new hip hop song: “Oh I’ve heard this before…and actually when I heard it before in the ’90s, my neighbor told me that she had heard it before in the ’80s…” As you study, train yourself to see the similarities in seemingly-unique problems and see though the GMAT’s rampant plagiarism of itself. The repetitive nature of the GMAT and of hip hop will likely mean that you’re no longer so impressed by Tyga, but you can use that recognition to be much more impressive to Fuqua.
GMAT Tip of the Week: Big Sean Says Your GMAT Score Will Bounce Back. Welcome back to Hip Hop Month in the GMAT Tip of the Week space, where naturally, we woke up in beast mode (with your author legitimately wishing he was bouncing back to D-town from LAX this weekend, but blog duty calls!). If you have a car stereo or Pandora account, you’ve undoubtedly heard Big Sean talking about bouncing back this month. On Protecting. “Bounce Back” is causes of ww2 essay, a great anthem for anyone hitting a rough patch – at turbine research, work, in a relationship, after a rough day for your brackets during next week’s NCAA tournament – but this isn’t a self-help, “it’s always darkest before dawn,” feel-good article. Big Sean has some direct insight into the GMAT scoring algorithm with Bounce Back, and if you pay attention, you can leverage Bounce Back (off the causes essay, album “I Decided” – that’ll be important, too) to game-plan your test day strategy and art and essay increase your score. So, what’s Big Sean’s big insight?
The GMAT scoring (and question delivery) algorithm is designed specifically so that you can “take an L” and bounce back. And if you understand that, you can budget your time and focus appropriately. The test is designed so that just about everybody misses multiple questions – the of ww2, adaptive system serves you problems that should test your upper threshold of ability, and can also test your lower limit if you’re not careful. What does that mean? Say you, as Big Sean would say, “take an L” (or a loss) on essay competition a question. That’s perfectly fine…everyone does it.
The next question should be a bit easier, providing you with a chance to bounce back. Causes. The delivery system is essay, designed to use the test’s current estimate of your ability to deliver you questions that will help it refine that estimate, meaning that it’s serving you questions that lie in a difficulty range within a few percentile points of where it thinks you’re scoring. If you “take an L” on a problem that’s even a bit below your true ability, missing a question or two there is fine as long as it’s an outlier. No one question is causes, a perfect predictor of ability, so any single missed question isn’t that big of a deal…if you bounce back and tester essayeur get another few questions right in and around that range, the system will continue to of ww2 essay, test your upper threshold of ability and give you chances to prove that the outlier was a fluke. The problem comes when you don’t bounce back. For Writing Your. This doesn’t mean that you have to essay, get the next question right, but it does mean that you can’t afford big rough patches – a run of 3 out of 4 wrong or 4 out of 5 wrong, for example. At that point, the best way to, system’s estimate of you has to change (your occasional miss isn’t an outlier anymore) and while you can still bounce back, you now run the risk of running out of problems to prove yourself.
As the test serves you questions closer to its new estimate of you, you’re not using the problems to causes essay, “prove how good you are,” but instead having to essay wildlife, spend a few problems proving you’re “not that bad, I promise!” So, okay. Great advice – “don’t get a lot of causes essay problems wrong.” Where’s the real insight? It can be found in on protecting, the lyrics to “Bounce Back”: Everything I do is righteous. Betting on me is the right risk. During the test you have to manage your time and effort wisely, and that means looking at hard questions and determining whether betting on essay that question is the wind paper, right risk. Of Ww2 Essay. You will get questions wrong, but you also control how much you let any one question affect your ability to answer the others correctly. A single question can hurt your chances at the others if you: Spend too much time on a problem that you weren’t going to get right, anyway Let a problem get in best way to essays, your head and causes of ww2 distract you from giving the next one your full attention and confidence.
Most test-takers would be comfortable on section pacing if they had something like 3-5 fewer questions to turbine research, answer, but when they’re faced with the full 37 Quant and 41 Verbal problems they feel the causes, need to rush, and rushing leads to silly mistakes (or just blindly guessing on the last few problems). Tester Essayeur. And when those silly mistakes pile up and become closer to causes of ww2, the norm than to the outlier, that’s when your score is in trouble. You can avoid that spiral by determining when a question is not the right risk! If you recognize in 30-40 seconds (or less) that you’re probably going to take an L, then take that L quickly (put in art and essay, a guess and move on) and bank the time so that you can guarantee you’ll bounce back. You know you’re taking at essay, least 5 Ls on each section (for most test-takers, even in the 700s that number is probably closer to 10) so let yourself be comfortable with choosing to your, take 3-4 Ls consciously, and strategically bank the time to ensure that you can thoroughly get right the problems that you know you should get right. Guessing on the GMAT doesn’t have to be a panic move – when you know that the name of the game is giving yourself the time and patience to bounce back, a guess can summon Big Sean’s album title, “I Decided,” as opposed to “I screwed up.” (And if you need proof that even statistics PhDs who wrote the GMAT scoring algorithm need some coaching with regard to taking the L and bouncing back, watch the last. So, what action items can you take to maximize your opportunity to bounce back? Right now: pay attention to the concepts, question types, and common problem setups that you tend to waste time on of ww2 essay and get wrong. Have a plan in mind for tester essayeur, test day that “if it’s this type of problem and I don’t see a path to the finish line quickly, I’m better off taking the L and making sure I bounce back on the next one.” Also, as you review those types of problems in your homework and practice tests, look for techniques you can use to guess intelligently. For many, combinatorics with restrictions is one of those categories for which they often cannot see a path to a correct answer.
Those problems are easy to guess on, however! Often you can eliminate a choice or two by looking at the number of possibilities that would exist without the restriction (e.g. if Remy and Nicki would just patch up their beef and stand next to each other, there would be 120 ways to arrange the causes of ww2, photo, but since they won’t the essay on protecting wildlife, number has to be less than 120…). And you can also use that total to ask yourself, “Does the restriction take away a lot of causes essay possibilities or just a few?” and get a better estimate of the remaining choices. On test day: Give yourself 3-4 “I Decided” guesses and don’t feel bad about them. If your experience tells you that betting your time and energy on a question is tester essayeur, not the causes essay, right risk, take the L and art and essay use the essay, extra time to make sure you bounce back. The GMAT, like life, guarantees that you’ll get knocked down a few times, but what you can control is art and essay, how you respond. Causes Essay. Accept the fact that you’re going to take your fair share of Ls, but if you’re a real one you know how to buy resume for writing, bounce back.
GMAT Tip of the Week: Keep Your GMAT Score Safe from the Bowling Green Massacre. The hashtag of the causes of ww2 essay, day is #bowlinggreenmassacre, inspired by an event that never happened. Whether intentionally or accidentally (we’ll let you and your news agency of choice decide which), White House staffer Kellyanne Conway referenced the “event” in an interview, inspiring an array of memes and references along the way. Whatever Ms. Conway’s intentions (or lack thereof; again we’ll let you decide) with the quote, she is competition, certainly guilty of inadvertently doing one thing: she didn’t likely intend to help you avoid a disaster on the GMAT, but if you’re paying attention she did. Your GMAT test day does not have to be a Bowling Green Massacre! Here’s the of ww2, thing about the Bowling Green Massacre: it never happened. But by now, it’s lodged deeply enough in the psyche of millions of Americans that, to them, it did. And the wind turbine paper, same thing happens to GMAT test-takers all the causes of ww2 essay, time. They think they’ve seen something on the test that isn’t there, and then they act on something that never happened in the first place. Wind Research Paper. And then, sadly, their GMAT hopes and causes essay dreams suffer the same fate as those poor souls at Bowling Green (#thoughtsandprayers).
Here’s how it works: The Quant Section’s Bowling Green Massacre. On the Quant section, particularly with Data Sufficiency, your mind will quickly leap to conclusions or jump to use a rule that seems relevant. Consider the example: What is the write, perimeter of isosceles triangle LMN? A. Causes. Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is insufficient. B. Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is insufficient.
C. BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient. D. EACH statement ALONE is sufficient. E. Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient. When people see that square root of 2, their minds quickly drift back to all those flash cards they studied – flash cards that include the side ratio for an isosceles right triangle: x, x, xv2. And so they then leap to use that rule, inferring that if one side is essay competition, 4 and the other is 4v2, the causes, other side must also be 4 to fit the ratio and they can then calculate the perimeter. Tester Essayeur. With both statements together, they figure, they can derive that perimeter and select choice C. But think about essay where that side ratio comes from: an isosceles right triangle.
You’re told in on protecting, the given information that this triangle is, indeed, isosceles. Of Ww2 Essay. But you’re never told that it’s a right triangle. Much like the Bowling Green Massacre, “right” never happened. Essay Competition. But the mere suggestion of it – the appearance of the v2 term that is directly associated with an isosceles, right triangle – baits approximately half of causes of ww2 essay all test-takers to choose C here instead of the correct E (explanation: “isosceles” means only that two sides match, so the third side could be either 4, matching side LM, or 4v2, matching side LN). Your mind does this to you often on Data Sufficiency problems: you’ll limit the art and essay, realm of possible numbers to integers, when that wasn’t defined, or to positive numbers, when that wasn’t defined either. You’ll see symptoms of a rule or concept (like v2 leads to the isosceles right triangle side ratio) and assume that the entire rule is in play.
The GMAT preys on your mind’s propensity for creating its own story when in reality, only essay, part of that story really exists. The Verbal Section’s Bowling Green Massacre. This same phenomenon appears on the Verbal section, too – most notably in Critical Reasoning. Much like what many allege that Kellyanne Conway did, your mind wants to ascribe particular significance to events or declarations, and it will often exaggerate on you. Consider the example: About two million years ago, lava dammed up a river in western Asia and caused a small lake to form. Paper. The lake existed for about half a million years. Bones of an early human ancestor were recently found in the ancient lake-bottom sediments that lie on top of the layer of lava.
Therefore, ancestors of of ww2 modern humans lived in Western Asia between two million and art and essay one-and-a-half million years ago. Which one of the following is an assumption required by the argument? A. There were not other lakes in the immediate area before the causes essay, lava dammed up the river. B. The lake contained fish that the human ancestors could have used for food. C. The lava that lay under the lake-bottom sediments did not contain any human fossil remains. D. The lake was deep enough that a person could drown in it. E. Wind Turbine Research Paper. The bones were already in the sediments by the time the lake disappeared. The key to most Critical Reasoning problems is finding the conclusion and knowing EXACTLY what the conclusion says – nothing more and causes of ww2 essay nothing less. Here the paper, conclusion is the last sentence, that “ancestors of modern humans lived” in causes, this region at this time.
When people answer this problem incorrectly, however, it’s almost always for the same reason. They read the wind turbine paper, conclusion as “the FIRST/EARLIEST ancestors of modern humans lived…” And in doing so, they choose choice C, which protects against humans having come before the ones related to the bones we have. “First/earliest” is a classic Bowling Green Massacre – it’s a much more noteworthy event (“scientists have discovered human ancestors” is pretty tame, but “scientists have discovered the of ww2, FIRST human ancestors” is a big deal) that your brain wants to see. But it’s not actually there! It’s just that, in day to day life, you’d rarely ever read about tester essayeur a run-of-the-mill archaeological discovery; it would only of ww2 essay, pop up in competition, your social media stream if it were particularly noteworthy, so your mind may very well assume that that notoriety is present even when it’s not. In order to succeed on the GMAT, you need to become aware of those leaps that your mind likes to take. We’re all susceptible to: Assuming that variables represent integers, and that they represent positive numbers Seeing the symptoms of a rule and then jumping to apply it Applying our own extra superlatives or limits to conclusions. So when you make these mistakes, commit them to memory – they’re not one-off, silly mistakes. Our minds are vulnerable to Bowling Green Massacres, so on test day #staywoke so that your score isn’t among those that are, sadly, massacred.
Quarter Wit, Quarter Wisdom: Solving the causes of ww2, Hourglass Puzzle. Let’s continue our puzzles discussion today with another puzzle type – time measurement using an hourglass. (Before you continue reading this article, check out art and essay our posts on how to solve pouring water puzzles and causes of ww2 weighing and balancing puzzles ) First, understand what an hourglass is – it is a mechanical device used to measure the holocaust competition, passage of causes of ww2 time. It is comprised of two glass bulbs connected vertically by a narrow neck that allows a regulated trickle of sand from the upper bulb to tester essayeur, fall into the lower one. The sand also takes a fixed amount of time to fall from the upper bulb to the lower bulb. Causes. Hourglasses may be reused indefinitely by inverting the bulbs once the upper bulb is empty. This is what they look like: Say a 10-minute hourglass will let us measure time in write essays on ipad, intervals of 10 minutes. This means all of the sand will flow from the essay, upper bulb to the lower bulb in for writing your, exactly 10 minutes.
We can then flip the hourglass over – now sand will start flowing again for the next 10 minutes, and so on. We cannot measure, say, 12 minutes using just a 10-minute hourglass, but we can measure more time intervals when we have two hourglasses of different times. Let’s look at this practice problem to see how this can be done: A teacher of mathematics used an essay unconventional method to measure a 15-minute time limit for a test. He used a 7-minute and an 11-minute hourglass. During the whole time, he turned the hourglasses only 3 times (turning both hourglasses at once counts as one flip). Way To Essays. Explain how the teacher measured out 15 minutes.
Here, we have a 7-minute hourglass and an 11-minute hourglass. This means we can measure time in causes of ww2 essay, intervals of 7 minutes as well as in intervals of 11 minutes. But consider this: if both hourglasses start together, at way to write essays on ipad, the end of 7 minutes, we will have 4 minutes of sand leftover in the top bulb of the 11-minute hourglass. So we can also measure out 4 minutes of time. Furthermore, if we flip the 7-minute hourglass over at of ww2, this time and tester essayeur let it flow for that 4 minutes (until the sand runs out of the causes of ww2, top bulb of the 11-minute hourglass), we will have 3 minutes’ worth of sand leftover in your, the 7-minute hourglass. Hence, we can measure a 3 minute time interval, too, and so on… Now, let’s see how we can measure out 15 minutes of of ww2 time using our 7-minute and 11-minute hourglasses. First, start both hourglasses at essay on protecting, the same time. After the top bulb of the 7-minute hourglass is empty, flip it over again.
At this time, we have 4 minutes’ worth of causes of ww2 sand still in tester essayeur, the top bulb of the 11-minute hourglass. When the top bulb of the 11-minute hourglass is empty, the bottom bulb of 7-minute hourglass will have 4 minutes’ worth of sand in it. At this point, 11 minutes have passed. Now simply flip the 7-minute hourglass over again and causes wait until the sand runs to the bottom bulb, which will be in 4 minutes. This is how we measure out 11 + 4 = 15 minutes of tester essayeur time using a 7-minute hourglass and an 11-minute hourglass.
Let’s look at of ww2, another problem: Having two hourglasses, a 7-minute one and a 4-minute one, how can you correctly time out 9 minutes? Now we need to tester essayeur, measure out 9 minutes using a 7-minute hourglass and a 4-minute hourglass. Like we did for the last problem, begin by starting both hourglasses at the same time. After 4 minutes pass, all of the causes of ww2 essay, sand in the 4-minute hourglass will be in the lower bulb. Now flip this 4-minute hourglass back over again. In the art and essay, 7-minute hourglass, there will be 3 minutes’ worth of of ww2 essay sand still in the upper bulb. After 3 minutes, all of the sand from the 7-minute hourglass will be in the lower bulb and research 1 minute’s worth of sand will be in the upper bulb of the causes, 4-minute hourglass. This is when we will start our 9-minute interval. The 1 minute’s worth of sand will flow to the bottom bulb of the wind turbine research paper, 4-minute hourglass. Then we just need to of ww2 essay, flip the 4-minute hourglass over and let all of the sand flow out (which will take 4 minutes), and then flip the tester essayeur, hourglass over to let all of the sand flow out again (which will take another 4 minutes).
In all, we have measured out causes of ww2 a 1 + 4 + 4 = 9-minute interval, which is what the problem has asked us to find. Karishma , a Computer Engineer with a keen interest in alternative Mathematical approaches, has mentored students in the continents of wind turbine research Asia, Europe and North America. She teaches the GMAT for causes essay, Veritas Prep and regularly participates in content development projects such as this blog ! Quarter Wit, Quarter Wisdom: Solving the Pouring Water Puzzle. Some time back, we came across a GMAT Data Sufficiency word problem question based on holocaust competition the “pouring water puzzle”. That made us think that it is essay, probably a good idea to tester essayeur, be comfortable with the various standard puzzle types. From this week on, we will look at some fundamental puzzles to acquaint ourselves with these mind benders in case we encounter them on test day. Today, we will look at the popular “pouring water puzzle”. You may remember a similar puzzle from the movie Die Hard with a Vengeance , where Bruce Willis and Samuel L. Jackson had to diffuse a bomb by placing a 4 gallon jug of water on of ww2 a set of scales. Here is the puzzle: You have a 3- and a 5-liter water container – each container has no markings except for that which gives us its total volume. We also have a running tap.
We must use the containers and the tap in such a way that we measure out exactly 4 liters of water. How can this be done? Don’t worry that this question is not written in a traditional GMAT format! We need to worry only art and essay, about the logic behind the puzzle – we can then answer any question about it that is given in any GMAT format. Let’s break down what we are given. We have only two containers – one of 3-liter and causes essay the other of 5-liter capacity. Tester Essayeur. The containers have absolutely no markings on them other than those which give us the total volumes, i.e. the causes, markings for essays, 3 liters and 5 liters respectively. There is no other container.
We also have a tap/faucet of causes running water, so basically, we have an unlimited supply of water. Environmentalists may not like my saying this, but this fact means we can throw out water when we need to essay, and just refill again. Now think about it: STEP 1: Let’s fill up the 5-liter container with water from the tap. Now we are at causes of ww2, (5, 0), with 5 being the wind, liters of water in the 5-liter container, and 0 being the liters of water in essay, the 3-liter container.
STEP 2: Now, there is nothing we can do with this water except transfer it to the 3-liter container (there is no other container and throwing out the water will bring us back to art and essay, where we started). After we fill up the 3-liter container, we are left with 2 liters of water in causes, the 5-liter container. This brings us to holocaust, (2, 3). STEP 3: We gain nothing from transferring the 3 liters of water back to 5-liter container, so let’s throw out the 3 liters that are in the 3-liter container. Because we just threw out the of ww2 essay, water from the 3-liter container, we will gain nothing by simply refilling it with 3 liters of water again. So now we are at (2, 0). STEP 4: The next logical step is to transfer the 2 liters of water we have from the 5-liter container to the 3-liter container.
This means the 3-liter container has space for 1 liter more until it reaches its maximum volume mark. This brings us to (0, 2). STEP 5: Now fill up the 5-liter container with water from the tap and transfer 1 liter to the 3-liter container (which previously had 2 liters of water in it). This means we are left with 4 liters of water in the 5-liter container. Now we are at best way to essays on ipad, (4, 3). This is how we are able to separate out exactly 4 liters of causes essay water without having any markings on the two containers. For Writing Your Objective. We hope you understand the logic behind solving this puzzle. Of Ww2. Let’s take a look at another question to help us practice: We are given three bowls of holocaust 7-, 4- and 3-liter capacity. Only the 7-liter bowl is full of of ww2 water.
Pouring the water the fewest number of times, separate out the 7 liters into 2, 2, and 3 liters (in the three bowls). This question is a little different in that we are not given an unlimited supply of water. We have only 7 liters of water and art and essay we need to split it into 2, 2 and 3 liters. Causes Of Ww2. This means we can neither throw away any water, nor can we add any water. We just need to work with what we have. We start off with (7, 0, 0) – with 7 being the liters of water in the 7-liter bowl, the first 0 being the liters of water in the 4-liter bowl, and the second 0 being the for writing, liters of water in of ww2 essay, the 3-liter bowl – and we need to go to (2, 2, 3). Let’s break this down: STEP 1: The first step would obviously be to pour water from the write essays on ipad, 7-liter bowl into of ww2, the 4-liter bowl.
Now you will have 3 liters of water left in the 7-liter bowl. We are now at (3, 4, 0). STEP 2: From the 4-liter bowl, we can now pour water into the 3-liter bowl. Now we have 1 liter in the 4-liter bowl, bringing us to (3, 1, 3). STEP 3: Empty out the 3-liter bowl, which is full, into art and essay, the 7-liter bowl for a total of 6 liters – no other transfer makes sense [if we transfer 1 liter of water to the 7-liter bowl, we will be back at the (4, 0, 3) split, which gives us nothing new]. This brings us to (6, 1, 0). STEP 4: Shift the causes of ww2 essay, 1 liter of water from the 4-liter bowl to the 3-liter bowl. We are now at essay, (6, 0, 1). STEP 5: From the 7-liter bowl, we can now shift 4 liters of water into causes of ww2 essay, the 4-liter bowl. This leaves us with with 2 liters of water in the 7-liter bowl. Again, no other transfer makes sense – pouring 1 liter of water into some other bowl takes us back to a previous step.
This gives us (2, 4, 1). STEP 6: Finally, pour water from the 4-liter bowl into buy resume objective, the 3-liter bowl to fill it up. Of Ww2. 2 liters will be shifted, bringing us to (2, 2, 3). Holocaust Essay Competition. This is what we wanted. We took a total of of ww2 essay 6 steps to solve this problem. At each step, the point is to look for what helps us advance forward. Art And Essay. If our next step takes us back to a place at causes of ww2 essay, which we have already been, then we shouldn’t take it. Keeping these tips in wind turbine research paper, mind, we should be able to solve most of these pouring water puzzles in the future! Karishma , a Computer Engineer with a keen interest in alternative Mathematical approaches, has mentored students in of ww2, the continents of Asia, Europe and North America. She teaches the GMAT for Veritas Prep and buy resume your regularly participates in causes essay, content development projects such as this blog ! GMAT Tip of the Week: Taking the tester essayeur, Least Amount of causes of ww2 Time to Solve “At Least” Probability Problems. In its efforts to essay, keep everyone from getting perfect 800s, the GMAT has two powerful tools to stop you from of ww2 essay, perfection.
For one, it can bait you into wrong answers (with challenging content, tempting trap answers, or a combination thereof). Competition. And secondly, it can waste your time, making it look like you need to do a lot of causes of ww2 essay work when there’s a much simpler way. Fortunately, and contrary to popular belief, the GMAT isn’t “pure evil.” Wherever it provides opportunities for less-savvy examinees to waste their time, it also provides a shortcut for those who have put in the study time to tester essayeur, learn it or who have the patience to of ww2 essay, look for essay, the elevator, so to speak, before slogging up the stairs. And one classic example of that comes with the causes of ww2 essay, “at least one” type of probability question. To illustrate, let’s consider an example: In a bowl of marbles, 8 are yellow, 6 are blue, and 4 are black.
If Michelle picks 2 marbles out of the tester essayeur, bowl at causes of ww2 essay, random and at the same time, what is the probability that at best write essays on ipad, least one of the marbles will be yellow? Here, you can first streamline the process along the causes, lines of art and essay one of those “There are two types of people in the world: those who _______ and causes essay those who don’t _______” memes. Your goal is to determine whether you get a yellow marble, so you don’t care as much about “blue” and “black”…those can be grouped into “not yellow,” thereby giving you only two groups: 8 yellow marbles and 10 not-yellow marbles. Fewer groups means less ugly math! But even so, trying to calculate the art and essay, probability of every sequence that gives you one or two yellow marbles is labor intensive. You could accomplish that “not yellow” goal several ways: First marble: Yellow; Second: Not Yellow. First: Not Yellow; Second: Yellow. First: Yellow; Second: Yellow. That’s three different math problems each involving fractions and requiring attention to detail. There ought to causes essay, be an easier way…and there is.
When a probability problem asks you for the probability of “at least one,” consider the only situation in which you WOULDN’T get at least one: if you got none. That’s a single calculation, and helpful because if the probability of drawing two marbles is 100% (that’s what the buy resume for writing objective, problem says you’re doing), then 100% minus the probability of the unfavorable outcome (no yellow) has to causes of ww2, equal the probability of the favorable outcome. So if you determine “the probability of no yellow” and buy resume your subtract from 1, you’re finished. That means that your problem should actually look like: PROBABILITY OF NO YELLOW, FIRST DRAW: 10 non-yellow / 18 total. PROBABILITY OF NO YELLOW, SECOND DRAW: 9 remaining non-yellow / 17 remaining total.
10/18 * 9/17 reduces to causes, 10/2 * 1/17 = 5/17. Now here’s the only tricky part of using this technique: 5/17 is the probability of essay wildlife what you DON’T want, so you need to subtract that from 1 to get the probability you do want. So the answer then is 12/17, or B. More important than this problem is the lesson: when you see an “at least one” probability problem, recognize that the probability of “at least one” equals 100% minus the probability of “none.” Since “none” is always a single calculation, you’ll always be able to save time with this technique. Had the question asked about three marbles, the number of favorable sequences for “at least one yellow” would be: Yellow Yellow Yellow.
Yellow Not-Yellow Not-Yellow. Yellow Not-Yellow Yellow. Yellow Yellow Not-Yellow. Not-Yellow Yellow Yellow. (And note here – this list is not yet exhaustive, so under time pressure you may very well forget one sequence entirely and then still get the essay, problem wrong even if you’ve done the math right.) Whereas the probability of No Yellow is much more straightforward: Not-Yellow, Not-Yellow, Not-Yellow would be 10/18 * 9/17 * 8/16 (and look how nicely that last fraction slots in, reducing quickly to 1/2). What would otherwise be a terrifying slog, the “long way” becomes quite quick the tester essayeur, shorter way. So, remember, when you see “at least one” probability on the GMAT, employ the causes of ww2 essay, “100% minus probability of essay none” strategy and you’ll save valuable time on causes of ww2 at least one Quant problem on test day. Investing in Success: The Best In-Person or Online GMAT Tutors Can Make a Difference. Making sure that you’re ready to take the GMAT requires study, time, and effort. Earning a high score on the GMAT can help to impress admissions officials at preferred business schools.
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GMAT Writing Tips: Analytical Writing for the GMAT. You probably know that the GMAT gauges your skills in reading and math. But did you know that there is also a section called the Analytical Writing Assessment? GMAT creators want to see how well you can analyze an wind research paper argument, so in this section, you are given an causes argument and expected to critique it. Is it a valid argument, or is it full of holocaust essay competition flaws? Discover a few GMAT writing tips that can help you to create a critique that earns you a high score on causes this portion of the test. Take a Few Minutes to Plan Your Essay. When it comes to the GMAT writing section, you may think this first tip is a no-brainer. Unfortunately, some students become nervous or anxious about essay wildlife this part of the exam and forget to causes of ww2, plan out their essay before diving into the task. This can result in a poorly organized essay or one that is missing important points. Take the time to carefully read the directions and write essays on ipad the argument.
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Well, the average test-taker also scores in the mid-500’s, so that’s not how we want to think. First, let’s concede that Statement 1 is a challenging one to evaluate and look at Statement 2 first. Notice that Statement 2 tells us something we already know – as we saw above, anytime you have two two-digit numbers whose tens and units digits are reversed, the difference will be a multiple of 9. If Statement 2 is useless, we can immediately prune our decision tree of possible correct answers. Either Statement 1 alone is sufficient, or the statements together are not sufficient, as Statement 2 will contribute nothing. Art And Essay. So right off the bat, the only possible correct answers are A and E. If we had to guess, and we recognize that the average test-taker would likely conclude that Statement 1 couldn’t be sufficient, we’d want to causes of ww2 essay, go in art and essay, the opposite causes of ww2 direction – this question is significantly more difficult (and interesting) if it turns out that Statement 1 gives us considerably more information than it initially seems. In order to tester essayeur, evaluate Statement 1, it’s helpful to understand the following shortcut for of ww2 essay, how to best way to essays on ipad, determine the total number of factors for a given number. Causes. Say, for example, that we wished to determine how many factors 1000 has. Competition. We could, if we were sufficiently masochistic, simply list them out (1 and 1000, 2 and 500, etc.).
But you can see that this process would be very difficult and causes of ww2 time-consuming. Alternatively, we could do the following. First, take the prime factorization of 1000. Art And Essay. 1000 = 10^3, so the prime factorization is causes of ww2 essay, 2^3 * 5^3. Tester Essayeur. Next, we take the exponent of each prime base and add one to it. Last, we multiply the causes, results. (3+1)*(3+1) = 16, so 1000 has 16 total factors. More abstractly, if your number is x^a * y^b, where x and y are prime numbers, you can find the total number of factors by multiplying (a+1)(b+1). Now let’s apply this process to Statement 1. Imagine that the turbine research paper, difference of of ww2 essay M and buy resume for writing your objective N comes out to causes essay, some two-digit number that can be expressed as x^a * y^b. If we have a total of tester essayeur 12 factors, then we know that (a+1)(b+1) = 12.
So, for example, it would work if a = 3 and b = 2, as a + 1 = 4 and b + 1 = 3, and 4*3 =12. But it would also work if, say, a = 5 and b = 1, as a + 1 = 6 and b + 1 = 2, and 6*2 = 12. So, let’s list out causes some numbers that have 12 factors: Now remember that M – N, by definition, is a multiple of 9, which will have at least 3^2 in its prime factorization. So the wind turbine research, second option is no longer a candidate, as its prime factorization contains only of ww2, one 3. Also recall that we’re talking about the difference of write on ipad two two-digit numbers. 2^2 * 3^3 is 4*27 or 108. But the difference between two positive two-digit numbers can’t possibly be a three-digit number!
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For the number x^a * y^b, where x and causes essay y are prime numbers, you can find the total number of best way to write essays factors by multiplying (a+1)(b+1). By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . You can find more articles written by him here . GMAT Hacks, Tricks, and Tips to Make Studying and causes of ww2 essay Preparing for the GMAT Simpler. The GMAT measures four general types of knowledge: Verbal, Quantitative, Integrated Reasoning, and Analytical Writing. The entire test takes about art and essay three hours and 30 minutes to causes, complete. Preparing for for writing, this important exam may seem like a daunting task, but you can simplify the process with the help of causes of ww2 essay some GMAT tips and tricks.
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Now we can find the turbine paper, least common multiple of of ww2 essay 12 and 14 to ensure that we don’t miss any possibilities. The prime factorization of 12: 2^2 * 3. The prime factorization of tester essayeur 14: 2 * 7. The least common multiple of 12 and 14: 2^2 * 3 * 7 = 84. We now know that, after 60 boxes were added, the total number of boxes was a multiple of 84. There could have been 84 boxes or 168 boxes, etc.
And before the 60 boxes were added, there could have been 84-60 = 24 boxes or 168-60 = 108 boxes, etc. A brief summary: After 60 boxes were added: 84, 168, 252…. Before 60 boxes were added: 24, 108, 192…. That feels like a lot of work to do before even glancing at of ww2 essay, the statements, but now look at wind research, how much easier they are to causes, evaluate! Statement 1 tells us that there were fewer than 110 boxes before the 60 boxes were added, meaning there could have been 24 boxes to start (and 84 once 60 were added), or there could have been 108 boxes to start (and 168 once 60 were added). Because there are multiple potential solutions here, Statement 1 alone is not sufficient to answer the question. Statement 2 tells us that there were fewer than 120 boxes after 60 boxes were added. Way To Essays. This means there could have been 84 boxes – that’s the essay, only possibility, as the next number, 168, already exceeds 120. Way To On Ipad. So we know for a fact that there are 84 boxes after 60 were added, and 24 boxes before they were added.
Statement 2 alone is sufficient, and the answer is of ww2, B. Takeaway: questions that look strange or funky are always testing concepts that have been tested in the past – otherwise, the exam wouldn’t be standardized. By making these connections, and best way to essays recognizing that a verbal clue such as “none left over” really means that we’re talking about of ww2 essay multiples and factors, we can recognize even the most abstract patterns on the toughest of on protecting wildlife GMAT questions. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . You can find more articles written by him here . GMAT Probability Practice: Questions and Answers. The Quantitative portion of the GMAT contains questions on a variety of math topics. One of those topics is essay, probability. GMAT questions of this sort ask you to look for the likelihood that something will occur. Probability is not as familiar to many as Algebra, Geometry, and other topics on the test.
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Is it Enough to Know the Basic Formulas for Probability? Some test-takers believe that once you know the formulas related to probability for GMAT questions, then you have the keys to success on this portion of the test. Unfortunately, that is buy resume for writing objective, not always the case. The creators of the GMAT are not just looking at your ability to plug numbers into formulas – you must understand what each question is asking and causes of ww2 essay why you arrived at a particular answer. Successful business executives use reason and logic to wind paper, arrive at the decisions they make. The creators of the GMAT want to see how good you are at using these same tools to solve problems.
The Value of Practice Exams. Taking a practice GMAT can help you determine your skill level when it comes to probability questions and problems on every other section of the test. Also, a practice exam gives you the chance to become accustomed to the amount of time you’ll have to finish the causes, various sections of the test. At Veritas Prep, we have one free GMAT practice test available to anyone who wants to get an idea of art and essay how prepared they are for of ww2 essay, the test. After you take the art and essay, practice test, you will receive a score report and thorough performance analysis that lets you know how you fared on each section. Your performance analysis can prove to be one of the causes of ww2, most valuable resources you have when starting to prepare for holocaust, the GMAT. Follow-up practice tests can be just as valuable as the first one you take.
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A total of 30 percent of the geese included in a certain migration study were male. Holocaust. If some of the geese migrated during the study and 20 percent of the migrating geese were male, what was the ratio of the migration rate for the male geese to the migration rate for the female geese? [Migration rate for causes of ww2 essay, geese of buy resume a certain sex = (number of geese of that sex migrating) / (total number of geese of that sex)] This is a perfect opportunity to break out causes of ww2 essay two of my favorite GMAT tools: picking numbers and making charts. So, let’s say there are 100 geese in our population.
That means that if 30% are male, we’ll have 30 male geese and 70 females geese, giving us the following chart: Now, let’s say 10 geese were migrating. Your Objective. That means that 90 were not migrating. Moreover, if 20 percent of the migrating geese were male, we know that we’ll have 2 migrating males and 8 migrating females, giving us the following: (Note that if we wanted to, we could fill out the of ww2, rest of the chart, but there’s no reason to, especially when we’re trying to save as much time as possible.) Our migration rate for the male geese is 2/30 or 1/15. Our migration rate for turbine research, the female geese is causes essay, 8/70 or 4/35.
Ultimately, we want the art and essay, ratio of the male migration rate (1/15) to the female migration rate (4/35), so we need to simplify (1/15)/(4/35), or (1*35)/(15*4) = 35/60 = 7/12. And we’re done – B is our answer. My student was skeptical. How did we know that 10 geese were migrating? What if 20 geese were migrating? Or 50? Shouldn’t that change the result? This is the beauty of picking numbers – it doesn’t matter what number we pick (so long as we don’t end up with an illogical scenario in which, say, the number of causes essay migrating male geese is greater than the number of total male geese). To see why, watch what happens when we do this algebraically:
Say that we have a total of “t” geese. If 30% are male, we’ll have 0.30t male geese and 0.70t females geese. Now, let’s call the migrating geese “m.” If 20% are male, we’ll have 0.20m migrating males and 0.80m migrating females. Essays. Now our chart will look like this: The migration rate for the male geese is 0.20m/0.30t or 2m/3t. The migration rate for of ww2 essay, the female geese is 0.80m/0.70t or 8m/7t. We want the ratio of the male migration rate (2m/3t) to the female migration rate (8m/7t), so we need to simplify (2m/3t)/(8m/7t) = (2m*7t)/(3t * 8m) = 14mt/24mt = 7mt/12mt = 7/12. It’s clear now why the numbers we picked for m and t don’t matter – they cancel out in the end. Takeaway: We cannot say this enough: the GMAT is not testing your ability to do formal algebra.
It’s testing your ability to make good decisions in wind turbine paper, a stressful environment. So your goal, when preparing for this test, isn’t to causes essay, become a virtuoso mathematician, even for art and essay, the toughest questions. It’s to practice the kind of simple creative thinking that will get you to your answer with the smallest investment of your time. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . You can find more articles written by him here . How to Use Units Digits to causes of ww2 essay, Avoid Doing Painful Calculations on the GMAT. During the first session of tester essayeur each new class I teach, we do a quick primer on the utility of units digits. Imagine I want to of ww2 essay, solve 130,467 * 367,569. Without a calculator, we are surely entering a world of hurt. Best Essays On Ipad. But we can see almost instantaneously what the units digit of this product would be. The units digit of essay 130,467 * 367,569 would be the same as the units digit of research paper 7*9, as only the units digits of the larger numbers are relevant in such a calculation.
7*9 = 63, so the units digit of 130,467 * 367,569 is of ww2, 3. This is one of art and essay those concepts that is so simple and essay elegant that it seems too good to be true. And yet, this simple, elegant rule comes into play on the GMAT with surprising frequency. Take this question for example: If n is wind, a positive integer, how many of the ten digits from 0 through 9 could be the units digit of causes of ww2 n^3? Surely, you think, the essay wildlife, solution to of ww2 essay, this question can’t be as simple as cubing the best way to essays, easiest possible numbers to see how many different units digits result. And yet that’s exactly what we’d do here. 3^3 = 27 a units 7. 4^3 = 64 a units 4. 5^3 = ends in causes essay, 5 (Fun fact: 5 raised to way to essays, any positive integer will end in 5.) 6^3 = ends in 6 (Fun fact: 6 raised to any positive integer will end in 6.)
7^3 = ends in 3 (Well 7*7 = 49. Of Ww2. 49*7 isn’t that hard to calculate, but only the units digit matters, and 9*7 is 63, so 7^3 will end in art and essay, 3.) 8^3 = ends in causes, 2 (Well, 8*8 = 64, and 4*8 = 32, so 8^3 will end in 2.) 9^3 = ends in 9 (9*9 = 81 and 1 * 9 = 9, so 9^3 will end in 9.) Amazingly, when I cube all the integers from 1 to essay competition, 10 inclusive, I get 10 different units digits.
Pretty neat. The answer is causes of ww2 essay, E. Of course, this question specifically invoked the term “units digit.” What are the odds of that happening? Maybe not terribly high, but any time there’s a painful calculation, you’d want to buy resume for writing objective, consider thinking about the units digits. Take this question, for example: A certain stock exchange designates each stock with a one, two or three letter code, where each letter is selected from the 26 letters of the alphabet. If the letters may be replaced and if the same letters used in a different order constitute a different code, how many different stocks is it possible to uniquely designate with these codes? Conceptually, this one doesn’t seem that bad. If I wanted to make a one-letter code, there’d be 26 ways I could do so. If I wanted to make a two-letter code, there’d be 26*26 or 26^2 ways I could do so.
If I wanted to of ww2 essay, make a three-letter code, there’d be 26*26*26, or 26^3 ways I could so. So the total number of codes I could make, given the conditions of the problem, would be 26 + 26^2 + 26^3. Hopefully, at best way to write, this point, you notice two things. First, this arithmetic will be deeply unpleasant to do. Second, all of the answer choices have different units digits! Now remember that 6 raised to any positive integer will always end in causes essay, 6. So the units digit of 26 is 6, and art and essay the units digit of 26^2 is 6 and causes the units digit of tester essayeur 26^3 is also 6. Causes Of Ww2. Therefore, the units digit of 26 + 26^2 + 26^3 will be the same as the units digit of 6 + 6 + 6. Essay. Because 6 + 6 + 6 = 18, our answer will end in an 8. The only possibility here is E. Pretty nifty. Takeaway: Painful arithmetic can always be avoided on causes of ww2 the GMAT. When calculating large numbers, note that we can quickly find the best way to, units digit with minimal effort. If all the causes essay, answer choices have different units digits, the question writer is blatantly telegraphing how to approach this problem. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . You can find more articles written by competition him here . How to essay, Approach Difficult GMAT Problems.
My students have a hard time understanding what makes a difficult GMAT question difficult. Tester Essayeur. They assume that the of ww2, tougher questions are either testing something they don’t know, or that these problems involve a dizzying level of complexity that requires an art and essay algebraic proficiency that’s simply beyond them. One of my main goals in teaching a class is to of ww2, persuade everyone that this is essay on protecting, not, in fact, how hard questions work on this test. Hard questions don’t ask you do to something you don’t know how to do. Rather, they’re cleverly designed to provoke an anxiety response that makes it difficult to realize that you do know exactly how to solve the problem. Take this official question, for of ww2 essay, example:
Let a, b, c and d be nonzero real numbers. If the quadratic equation ax(cx + d) = -b(cx +d) is solved for x, which of the holocaust competition, following is of ww2, a possible ratio of the 2 solutions? Most students see this and panic. Often, they’ll start by multiplying out the left side of the equation, see that the expression is horrible (acx^2 + adx), and take this as evidence that this question is beyond their skill level. Essay. And, of of ww2 essay course, the question was designed to elicit precisely this response. So when I do this problem in class, I always start by telling my students, much to their surprise, that every one of them already knows how to essay, do this. They’ve just succumbed to the question writer’s attempt to convince them otherwise. So let’s start simple.
I’ll write the causes essay, following on way to write essays the board: xy = 0. Then I’ll ask what we know about x or y. Causes Of Ww2 Essay. And my students shrug and wind say x or y (or both) is equal to 0. They’ll also wonder what on earth such a simple identity has to do with the algebraic mess of the question they’d been struggling with. I’ll then write this: zx + zy = 0. Again, I’ll ask what we know about the variables. Most will quickly see that we can factor out of ww2 essay a “z” and get z(x+y) = 0. And again, applying the same logic, we see that one of the two components of the product must equal zero – either z = 0 or x + y = 0. Next, I’ll ask if they would approach the problem any differently if I’d given them zx = -zy – they wouldn’t. Now it clicks.
We can take our initial equation in the aforementioned problem: ax(cx +d) = -b(cx+d), and see that we have a ‘cx + d’ on both sides of the equation, just as we’d had a “z” on both sides of the previous example. If I’m able to get everything on one side of the equation, I can factor out the common term. Now ax(cx +d) = -b(cx+d) becomes ax(cx +d) + b(cx+d) = 0. Just as we factored out a “z” in the previous example, we can factor out tester essayeur “cx + d” in this one. Now we have (cx + d)(ax + b) = 0. Again, if we multiply two expressions to of ww2, get a product of zero, we know that at least one of those expressions must equal 0. Either cx + d = 0 or ax + b = 0.
If cx + d = 0, then x = -d/c. If ax + b = 0, then x = -b/a. Therefore, our two possible solutions for x are –d/c and –b/a. So, the ratio of the two would simply be (-d/c)/(-b/a). Recall that dividing by a fraction is the equivalent of wind turbine research paper multiplying by the reciprocal, so we’re ultimately solving for (-d/c)(-a/b). Multiplying two negatives gives us a positive, and we end up with da/cb, which is equivalent to causes, answer choice E. Takeaway: Anytime you see something on the GMAT that you think you don’t know how to do, remind yourself that the question was designed to create this false impression. You know how to do it – don’t hesitate to dive in and search for how to apply this knowledge. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . You can find more articles written by him here . How to Reach a 99th Percentile GMAT Score Using No New Academic Strategies. Last week I received an email from an old student who’d just retaken the on protecting, GMAT. He was writing to let me know that he’d just received a 770.
Of course, I was ecstatic for him, but I was even more excited once I considered what his journey could mean for other students. His story is a fairly typical one: like the vast majority of GMAT test-takers, he enrolled in the class looking to hit a 700. Causes Of Ww2. His scores improved steadily throughout the course, and art and essay when he took the test the first time, he’d received a 720, which was in line with his last two practice exams. After he finished the causes essay, official test, he called me – both because he was feeling pretty good about his score but also because a part of him was sure he could do better. My feeling at the time was that there really wasn’t any pressing need for a retake: a 720 is a fantastic score, and once you hit that level of success, the incremental gains of an improvement begin to suffer from the essay on protecting, law of diminishing returns. Still, when you’re talking about the most competitive MBA programs, you want any edge you can get. Moreover, he’d already made up his mind. He wanted to retake. Part of his decision was rooted in of ww2, principle. He was sure he could hit the 99 th percentile, and he wanted to on protecting, prove it to himself. The problem, he noted, was that he’d already mastered the of ww2 essay, test’s content.
So if there was nothing left for him to learn, how did he jump to the 99 th percentile? The answer can be found in tester essayeur, the vast body of literature enumerating the psychological variables that influence test scores. Causes Of Ww2. We like to essay on protecting wildlife, think of tests as detached analytic tools that measure how well we’ve mastered a given topic. In reality, our mastery of the content is one small aspect of performance. Many of us know this from experience – we’ve all had the experience of studying hard for a test, feeling as though we know everything cold, and then ending up with a score that didn’t seem to reflect how well we’d learned the material. After I looked at the research, it was clear that the two most important psychological variables were 1) confidence and 2) how well test-takers managed test anxiety. (And there’s every reason to believe that those two variables are interconnected.)
I’ve written in the past about how a mindfulness meditation practice can boost test day performance . I’ve also written about how perceiving anxiety as excitement, rather than as a nefarious force that needs to be conquered, has a similarly salutary effect. Recently I came across a pair of newer studies. In one, researchers found that when students wrote in their journals for 10 minutes about their test-taking anxiety the morning of of ww2 essay their exams, their scores went up substantially. Turbine. In another, the of ww2, social psychologist Amy Cuddy found that body language had a profound impact on performance in all sorts of domains. For example, her research has revealed that subjects who assumed “power poses” for art and essay, two minutes before a job interview projected more confidence during the interview and were better able to solve problems than a control group that assumed more lethargic postures. (To see what these power poses look like, check out Cuddy’s fascinating Ted talk here .) Moreover, doing power poses actually created a physiological change, boosting testosterone and reducing the stress hormone Cortisol. Though her research wasn’t targeted specifically at test-takers, there’s every reason to believe that there would be a beneficial effect for students who practiced power poses before an exam. Many teachers acquainted with Cuddy’s research now recommend that their students do this before tests.
So the missing piece of the puzzle for my student was simply confidence. His strategies hadn’t changed. His knowledge of the causes essay, core concepts was the same. The only difference was his psychological approach. Essay On Protecting. So now I’m recommending that all of my students do the following to cultivate an ideal mindset for producing their best possible test scores: Perform mindfulness meditation for the two weeks leading up to the exam. Of Ww2 Essay. Reframe test-day anxiety as excitement. Spend 10 minutes the morning of the test writing in a journal. Practice two minutes of power poses in the waiting room before sitting for buy resume objective, the exam and between the causes of ww2 essay, Quant and Verbal section. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . You can find more articles written by him here . Don’t Swim Against the Arithmetic Currents on turbine research paper the GMAT Quant Section. When I was a child, I was terrified of riptides.
Partially, this was a function of having been raised by unusually neurotic parents who painstakingly instilled this fear in causes essay, me, and buy resume objective partially this was a function of having inherited a set of of ww2 genes that seems to have predisposed me towards neuroticism. (The point, of course, is that my parents are to blame for everything. Perhaps there is a better venue for wind turbine paper, discussing these issues.) If there’s a benefit to fears, it’s that they serve as potent motivators to find solutions to the troubling predicaments that prompt them. The solution to causes of ww2 essay, dealing with riptides is to avoid struggling against the current. The water is more powerful than you are, so a fight is for writing, a losing proposition – rather, you want to wait for an opportunity to swim with the current and allow the of ww2 essay, surf to bring you back to shore. There’s a profound wisdom here that translates to many domains, including the GMAT. In class, whenever we review a strategy, my students are usually comfortable applying it almost immediately. Their deeper concern is about when to apply the for writing objective, strategy, as they’ll invariably find that different approaches work with different levels of causes of ww2 essay efficacy on essay on protecting different problems. Moreover, even if one has a good strategy in causes of ww2, mind, the way the art and essay, strategy is best applied is often context-dependent. When we’re picking numbers, we can say that x = 2 or x = 100 or x = 10,000; the key is not to go in with a single approach in mind. Put another way, don’t swim against essay, the arithmetic currents.
Let’s look at some questions to see this approach in action: At a picnic there were 3 times as many adults as children and twice as many women as men. If there was a total of x men, women, and children at buy resume your, the picnic, how many men were there, in terms of x? The moment we see “x,” we can consider picking numbers. The key here is contemplating how complicated the number should be. Swim with the current – let the causes essay, question tell you. A quick look at the answer choices reveals that x could be something simple. Ultimately, we’re just dividing this value by 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6. Keeping this in mind, let’s think about the first line of the question. If there are 3 times as many adults as children, and we’re keeping things simple, we can say that there are 3 adults and 1 child, for a total of 4 people. Essay On Protecting Wildlife. So, x = 4.
Now, we know that among our 3 adults, there are twice as many women as men. So let’s say there are 2 women and essay 1 man. Easy enough. In sum, we have 2 women, 1 man, and 1 child at this picnic, and a total of 4 people. The question is how many men are there? There’s just 1! So now we plug x = 4 into the answers and keep going until we find x = 1. Clearly x/4 will work, so C is our answer. The key was to let the question dictate our approach rather than trying to impose an approach on the question. Let’s try another one:
Last year, sales at Company X were 10% greater in February than in January, 15% less in March than in February, 20% greater in April than in March, 10% less in May than in April, and 5% greater in June than in holocaust essay competition, May. On which month were sales closes to the sales in January? Great, you say. Causes. It’s a percent question. So you know that picking 100 is often a good idea. So, let’s say sales in January were 100.
If we want the month when sales were closest to January’s level, we want the way to write on ipad, month when sales were closest to causes, 100, Sales in art and essay, February were 10% greater, so February sales were 110. (Remember that if sales increase by 10%, we can multiply the of ww2, original number by 1.1. If they decrease by 10% we could multiply by holocaust competition 0.9, and so forth.) So far so good. Sales in causes of ww2, March were 15% less than in February. Well, if sales in tester essayeur, Feb were 110, then the sales in March must be 110*(0.85).
Hmm… A little tougher, but not insurmountable. Now, sales in causes of ww2, April were 20% greater than they were in March, meaning that April sales would be 110*(0.85)*1.2. Uh oh. Once you see that sales are 10% less in art and essay, May than they were in of ww2 essay, April, we know that sales will be 110*(0.85)*1.2*0.9. Now you need to stop. Don’t swim against the current. The arithmetic is getting hard and is going to become time-consuming. The question asks which month is on protecting, closest to 100, so we don’t have to calculate precise values.
We can estimate a bit. Causes Of Ww2. Let’s double back and try to simplify month by month, keeping things as simple as possible. Our February sales were simple: 110. March sales were 110*0.85 – an unpleasant number. Write. So, let’s try thinking about this a little differently. 100*0.85 = 85. 10*0.85 = 8.5. Add them together and we get 85 + 8.5 = 93.5.
Let’s make life easier on ourselves – we’ll round up, and call this number 94. April sales are 20% more than March sales. Well, 20% of 100 is clearly 20, so 20% of 94 will be a little less than that. Say it’s 18. Causes. Now sales are up to 94 + 18 = 112. Still not close to 100, so we’ll keep going. May sales are 10% less than April sales. 10% of for writing objective 112 is causes essay, about 11. Subtract 11 from turbine research paper, 112, and you get 101. We’re looking for the number closest to 100, so we’ve got our answer – it’s D, May.
Takeaway: Don’t try to impose your will on GMAT questions. Use the structural clues of the problems to dictate how you implement your strategy, and be prepared to adjust midstream. The goal is never to of ww2 essay, conquer the ocean, but rather, to ride the turbine, waves to calmer waters. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in of ww2, Boston . Art And Essay. You can find more articles written by him here . GMAT Tip of the causes, Week: Exit the tester essayeur, GMAT Test Center…Don’t Brexit It. Across much of the United Kingdom today, referendum voters are asking themselves “ wait, did I think that through thoroughly? ” in essay, the aftermath of essay competition yesterday’s Brexit vote. Some voters have already admitted that they’d like a do-over , while evidence from of ww2 essay, Google searches in tester essayeur, the hours immediately following the poll closures show that many Brits did a good deal of research after the fact. And regardless of whether you side with Leave or Stay as it corresponds to the EU, if your goal is to Leave your job to Stay at a top MBA program in the near future, you’d be well-served to of ww2 essay, learn a lesson from those experiencing Brexit Remorse today.
How can the Brexit aftermath improve you GMAT score? Pregrets, Not Regrets (Yes, Brexiters…we can combine words too.) The first lesson is quite simple. Unlike those who returned home from the paper, polls to immediately research “What should I have read up on beforehand?” you should make sure that you do your GMAT study before you get to the test center, not after you’ve (br)exited it with a score as disappointing as this morning’s Dow Jones. But that doesn’t just mean, “Study before the test!” – an causes obvious tip.
It also means, “ Anticipate the on protecting wildlife, things you’ll wish you had thought about .” Which means that you should go into essay, the test center with list of best “pregrets” and not leave the test center with a list of causes of ww2 essay regrets. Having “pregrets” means that you already know before you get to the test center what your likely regrets will be, so that you can fix them in the moment and not lament them after you’ve seen your score. Your list of pregrets should be a summary of the essays on ipad, most common mistakes you’ve made on your practice tests, things like: On Data Sufficiency, I’d better not forget to essay, consider negative numbers and nonintegers. Best Way To. Before I start doing algebra, I should check the answer choices to see if I can stop with an estimate. I always blank on the 30-60-90 divisibility rule, so I should memorize it one more time in the parking lot and of ww2 essay write it down as soon as I get my noteboard. Reading Comprehension inferences must be true, so always look for proof. Slow down when writing 4’s and 7’s on turbine paper scratchwork, since when I rush they tend to look too much alike. Check after every 10 questions to causes, make sure I’m on a good pace.
Any mistakes you’ve made more than once on practice tests, any formulas that you know you’re apt to blank on, any reminders to essays, yourself that “when X happens, that’s when the test starts to essay, go downhill” – these are all items that you can plan for in advance. Your debriefs of your practice tests are previews of the real thing, so you should arrive at your, the test center with your pregrets in mind so that you can avoid having them become regrets. Much like select English voters, many GMAT examinees can readily articulate, “I should have read/studied/prepare for essay, _____” within minutes of completing their exam, and very frequently, those elements are not a surprise. So anticipate in the hour/day before the test what your regrets might be in the hours/days immediately following the test, and you can avoid that immediate remorse. Much like a Brexit vote, you only get one shot at your, each GMAT problem, and of ww2 then the results lead to consequences. But the GMAT gives you a chance to save yourself from tester essayeur, yourself – you have to both select your answer and of ww2 essay confirm it. So, unlike those who voted and then came home to Google asking, “Did I do the essay, right thing?” you should ask yourself that question before you confirm your answer. Again, your pregrets are helpful. Before you submit your answer, ask yourself: Did I solve for the proper variable? Does this number make logical sense?
Does this answer choice create a logical sentence when I read it back to myself? Does this Inference answer have to be true, or is causes, there a chance it’s not? Am I really allowed to perform that algebraic operation? Let me try it with small numbers to holocaust, make sure… There will, of course, be some problems on the GMAT that you simply don’t know how to do, and you’ll undoubtedly get some problems wrong. Causes Essay. But for those problems that you really should have gotten right, the tester essayeur, worst thing that can happen is realizing a question or two later that you blew it. Almost every GMAT examinee can immediately add 30 points to his score by simply taking back those points he would have given away by rushing through a problem and making a mistake he’d be humiliated to know he made. So, take that extra 5-10 seconds on each question to double check for causes of ww2 essay, common mistakes, even if that means you have to burn a guess later in the section. If you minimize those mistakes on questions within your ability level, that guess will come on a problem you should get wrong, anyway.
Like a Brexit voter, the best you can do the day before and day of your important decision-making day is to prepare to make the best decisions you can make. If you’re right, you’re right, and if you’re wrong, you’re wrong, and you may never know which is which (the GMAT won’t release your questions/answers and the Brexit decision will take time to play out). The key is making sure that you don’t leave with immediate regrets that you made bad decisions or didn’t take the short amount of time to art and essay, prepare yourself for better ones. Enter the test center with pregrets; don’t Brexit it with regrets. How to of ww2, Simplify Percent Questions on the GMAT. One of the most confounding aspects of the buy resume for writing your, GMAT is its tendency to make simple concepts seem far more complex than they are in reality. Percent questions are an excellent example of causes essay this.
When I introduce this topic, I’ll typically start by asking my class the following question: If you’ve completed 10% of a project how much is art and essay, left to do? I have never, in of ww2, all my years of teaching, had a class that was unable to tell me that 90% of the project remains. It’s more likely that they’ll react as though I’m insulting their collective intelligence. And yet, when test-takers see this concept under pressure, they’ll often fail to recognize it. Take the following question, for example: Dara ran on a treadmill that had a readout indicating the time remaining in her exercise session. When the best on ipad, readout indicated 24 min 18 sec, she had completed 10% of causes her exercise session. The readout indicated which of the holocaust essay, following when she had completed 40% of of ww2 essay her exercise session. Hopefully, you’ve noticed that this question is wind turbine research paper, testing the same simple concept that I use when introducing percent problems to my class. And yet, in my experience, a solid majority of students are stumped by this problem.
The reason, I suspect, is causes, twofold. First, that figure – 24 min. 18 sec. – is for writing objective, decidedly unfriendly. Causes Essay. Painful math often lends itself to careless mistakes and can easily trigger a panic response. Second, anxiety causes us to buy resume for writing objective, work faster, and of ww2 when we work faster, we’re often unable to recognize patterns that would be clearer to us if we were calm. There’s interesting research on best way to write on ipad this. Psychologists, knowing that the color red prompts an anxiety response and causes of ww2 essay that the color blue has a calming effect, conducted a study in which test-takers had to tester essayeur, answer math questions – the questions were given to some subjects on essay paper with a red background and to other subjects on paper with a blue background. (The control group had questions on standard white paper.) The red anxiety-producing background noticeably lowered scores and the calming blue background boosted scores. Now, the essay on protecting, GMAT doesn’t give you a red background, but it does give you unfriendly-seeming numbers that likely have the same effect.
So, this question is of ww2, as much about psychology as it is about mathematical proficiency. Our job is to take a deep breath or two and rein in our anxiety before we proceed. If Dara has completed 10% of her workout, we know she has 90% of holocaust her workout remaining. Essay. So, that 24 min. 18 sec. Tester Essayeur. presents 90% of of ww2 essay her total workout. If we designate her total workout time as “t,” we end up with the following equation: 24 min. 18 sec. = 0.90t. Let’s work with fractions to solve. 18 seconds is 18/60 minutes, which simplifies to 3/10 minutes.
0.9 is turbine research paper, 9/10, so we can rewrite our equation as: Not so bad. Dara’s full workout is 27 minutes long. We want to know how much time is remaining when Dara has completed 40% of her workout. Well, if she’s completed 40% of her workout, we know she has 60% of her workout remaining.
If her full workout is causes of ww2 essay, 27 minutes, then 60% of this value is 0.60*27 = (3/5)*27 = 81/5 = 16 + 1/5, or 16 minutes 12 seconds. And we’ve got our answer: E. Now, let’s say you get this problem with 20 seconds remaining on the clock and you simply don’t have time to turbine, solve it properly. Let’s estimate. Say, instead of 24 min 18 seconds remaining, Dara had 24 minutes remaining (so we know we’re going to underestimate the causes of ww2 essay, answer). If that’s 90% of her workout time, 24 = (9/10)t, or 240/9 = t. We want 60% of this, so we want (240/9)*(3/5). Because 240/5 = 48 and buy resume for writing 9/3 = 3, (240/9)*(3/5) = 48/3 = 16.
We know that the correct answer is over 16 minutes and that we’ve significantly underestimated – makes sense to causes essay, go with E. Takeaway: Don’t let the art and essay, question-writer trip you up with figures concocted to make you nervous. Take a breath, and remember that the concepts being tested are the same ones that, when boiled down to their essence, are a breeze when we’re calm. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in causes, Boston . You can find more articles written by him here . GMAT Tip of the Week: The Least Helpful Waze To Study. If you drive in a large city, chances are you’re at wind research paper, least familiar with Waze , a navigation app that leverages user data to suggest time-saving routes that avoid traffic and construction and that shave off seconds and causes of ww2 minutes with shortcuts on lesser-used streets. And chances are that you’ve also, at buy resume for writing your, some point or another, been inconvenienced by Waze, whether by a devout user cutting blindly across several lanes to causes of ww2 essay, make a suggested turn, by the app requiring you to cut through smaller streets and alleys to your, save a minute, or by Waze users turning your once-quiet side street into of ww2 essay, the Talladega Superspeedway. To its credit, Waze is way to write essays on ipad, correcting one of causes of ww2 essay its most common user complaints – that it often leads users into harrowing and time-consuming left turns. But another major concern still looms, and it’s one that could damage both your fender and art and essay your chances on the GMAT: Beware the shortcuts and “crutches” that save you a few seconds, but in doing so completely remove all reasoning and awareness.
With Waze, we’ve all seen it happen: someone so beholden to, “I must turn left on causes 9th Street because the app told me to!” will often barrel through two lanes of art and essay traffic – with no turn signal – to make that turn…not realizing that the trip would have taken the exact same amount of time, with much less risk to of ww2, the driver and everyone else on the road, had he waited a block or two to safely merge left and turn on 10th or 11th. By focusing so intently on the app’s “don’t worry about paying attention…we’ll tell you when to way to write, turn” features, the driver was unaware of other cars and of earlier opportunities to safely make the merge in causes, the desired direction. The GMAT offers similar pitfalls when examinees rely too heavily on “turn your brain off” tricks and buy resume your objective techniques. As you learn and practice them, strategies like the “plumber butt” for rates and averages may seem quick, easy, and “turn your brain off” painless. Causes. But the wind turbine research paper, last thing you want to do on a higher-order thinking test like the GMAT is completely turn your brain off. For example, a “turn your brain off” rate problem might say: John drives at an average rate of 45 miles per causes, hour. Holocaust. How many miles will he drive in 2.5 hours? And using a Waze-style crutch, you could remember that to get distance you multiply time by rate so you’d get 112.5 miles.
That may be a few seconds faster than performing the algebra by causes of ww2 thinking “Rate = Distance over Time”; 45 = D/2.5; 45(2.5) = D; D = 112.5. But where a shortcut crutch saves you time on easier problems, it can leave you helpless on longer problems that are designed to buy resume your objective, make you think. Consider this Data Sufficiency example: A factory has three types of machines – A, B, and C – each of which works at its own constant rate. How many widgets could one machine A, one Machine B, and causes of ww2 essay one Machine C produce in one 8-hour day? (1) 7 Machine As and 11 Machine Bs can produce 250 widgets per hour. (2) 8 Machine As and 22 Machine Cs can produce 600 widgets per hour. Here, simply trying to plug the information into a simple diagram will lead you directly to choice E. Holocaust Competition. You simply cannot separate the rate of A from the rate of B, or the rate of B from the rate of essay C. It will not fit into the classic “rate pie / plumber’s butt” diagram that many test-takers use as their “I hate rates so I’ll just do this trick instead” crutch.
However, those who have their critical thinking mind turned on will notice two things: that choice E is kind of obvious (the algebra doesn’t get you very close to solving for any one machine’s rate) so it’s worth pressing the issue for holocaust essay competition, the “reward” answer of C, and that if you simply arrange the algebra there are similarities between the number of causes of ww2 essay B and of C: 7(Rate A) + 11(Rate B) = 250. 8(Rate A) + 22(Rate C) = 600. Since 11 is half of 22, one way to play with this is to double the first equation so that you at holocaust competition, least have the same number of Bs as Cs (and remember…those are the only two machines that you don’t have “together” in either statement, so relating one to essay, the other may help). Tester Essayeur. If you do, then you have:
Then if you sum the questions (Where does the third 22 come from? Oh, 14 + 8, the coefficients for A.), you have: 22A + 22B + 22C = 1100. So, A + B + C = 50, and now you know the causes of ww2, rate for one of best essays each machine. The two statements together are sufficient, but the essay, road to get there comes from on protecting wildlife, awareness and essay algebra, not from reliance on art and essay a trick designed to essay, make easy problems even easier. The lesson? Much like Waze, which can lead to lack-of-awareness accidents and to shortcuts that dramatically up the degree of difficulty for a minimal time savings, you should take caution when deciding to memorize and rely upon art and essay a knee-jerk trick in your GMAT preparation.
Many are willing (or just unaware that this is the decision) to sacrifice mindfulness and awareness to save 10 seconds here or there, but then fall for trap answers because they weren’t paying attention or become lost when problems are more involved because they weren’t prepared. So, be choosy in the tricks and shortcuts you decide to adopt! If a shortcut saves you a minute or two of calculations, it’s worth the time it takes to causes essay, learn and master it (but probably never worth completely avoiding the “long way” or knowing the tester essayeur, general concept). But if its time savings are minimal and its grand reward is that, “Hey, you don’t have to understand math to causes of ww2 essay, do this!” you should be wary of essay competition how well it will serve your aspirations of scores above around 600. Don’t let these slick shortcut waze of avoiding math drive you straight into an accident . Unless the time savings are game-changing, you shouldn’t make a trade that gains you a few seconds of efficiency on select, easier problems in causes, exchange for your awareness and understanding. How to Simplify Sequences on the GMAT. The GMAT loves sequence questions. Test-takers, not surprisingly, do not feel the same level of affection for this topic. Art And Essay. In some ways, it’s a peculiar reaction. Causes Essay. A sequence is really just a set of numbers. It may be infinite, it may be finite, but it’s this very open-endedness, this dizzying level of holocaust essay fuzzy abstraction, that can make sequences so difficult to mentally corral.
If you are one of the many people who fear and of ww2 essay dislike sequences, your main consolation should come from the fact that the main weapon in the question writer’s arsenal is the very fear these questions might elicit. And if you have been a reader of this blog for any length of time, you know that the best way to combat this anxiety is to wind research, dive in and convert abstractions into causes essay, something concrete, either by listing out some portion of the sequence, or by turbine research paper using the answer choices and working backwards. Take this question for example: For a certain set of numbers, if x is in the set, then x – 3 is also in the set. If the number 1 is in causes essay, the set, which of the following must also be in the set? Okay, so let’s list out the elements in holocaust essay, this set. We know that 1 is in of ww2 essay, the set. Tester Essayeur. If x= 1, then x – 3 = -2.
So -2 is in the set. Essay. If x = -2 is in the set, then x – 3 = -5. For Writing Objective. So -5 is in the set. By this point, the pattern should be clear: each term is three less than the previous term, giving us a sequence that looks like this: 1, -2, -5, -8, -11…. So we look at causes, our options, and see we that only III is true. And we’re done. That’s it.
The answer is art and essay, C. Sure, Dave , you may say. That is much easier than any question I’m going to see on causes essay the GMAT. Art And Essay. First, this is an official question, so I’m not sure where you’re getting the causes, idea that you’d never see a question like this. Second, you’d be surprised by how many test-takers get this wrong. There is the temptation to assume that if 1 is in tester essayeur, the set, then 4 must also be in the set. And note that this is, in fact, a possibility. Of Ww2. If x = 4, then x – 3 = 1. But the objective, question asks us what “must be” in the set. So it’s possible that 4 is in of ww2, our set.
But it’s also possible our set begins with 1, in which case 4 would not be included. This little wrinkle is enough to generate a substantial number of incorrect responses. Still, surely the buy resume objective, questions get harder than this. Well, yes. They do.
So what are you waiting for? I’m not sure where this testy impatience is coming from, but if you insist: The sequence a 1 , a 2 , a 3 , . . , a n of n integers is such that a k = k if k is odd and causes of ww2 essay a k = -a k-1 if k is even. Is the sum of the terms in the sequence positive? Yikes! Hey, you asked for a harder one. This question looks far more complicated than the previous one, but we can attack it the same way.
Let’s establish our sequence: a 1 is the art and essay, first term in the sequence. We’re told that a k = k if k is odd . Well, 1 is odd, so now we know that a 1 = 1. So far so good. So, here’s our sequence so far: 1, -1… Let’s keep going. a 3 is the third term in the sequence. Remember that a k = k if k is odd . 3 is of ww2 essay, odd, so now we know that a 3 = 3. Now our sequence looks like this: 1, -1, 3, -3…
By this point we should see the pattern. Every odd term is a positive number that is dictated by its place in best way to essays on ipad, the sequence (the first term = 1, the third term = 3, etc.) and every even term is of ww2, simply the previous term multiplied by -1. We’re asked about the sum: After one term, we have 1. After two terms, we have 1 + (-1) = 0. After three terms, we have 1 + (-1) + 3 = 3. After four terms, we have 1 + (-1) + 3 + (-3) = 0. Notice the trend: after every odd term, the sum is positive. Holocaust Competition. After every even term, the sum is 0. So the initial question, “ Is the of ww2 essay, sum of the terms in the sequence positive?” c an be rephrased as, “Are there an ODD number of terms in the sequence?” Now to the statements.
Statement 1 tells us that there are an odd number of terms in your objective, the sequence. That clearly answers our rephrased question, because if there are an of ww2 essay odd number of terms, the on ipad, sum will be positive. This is of ww2, sufficient. Statement 2 tells us that a n is positive. Wildlife. a n is the causes, last term in the sequence. If that term is competition, positive, then, according to the pattern we’ve established, that term must be odd, meaning that the sum of the sequence is positive. This is also sufficient. And the answer is D, either statement alone is causes of ww2, sufficient to wind turbine paper, answer the question. Takeaway: sequence questions are nothing to causes essay, fear. Like everything else on the GMAT, the main obstacle we need to overcome is the tester essayeur, self-fulfilling prophesy that we don’t know how to proceed, when, in fact, all we need to do is simplify things a bit. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . Causes. You can find more articles written by him here . You’re Fooling Yourself: The GMAT is NOT the SAT! While a fair number of GMAT test takers study for and complete the exam a number of essay years into their professional career (the average age of a B-school applicant is 28, a good 6-7 years removed from their undergraduate graduation), you may be one of the ambitious few who is studying for of ww2, the GMAT during, or immediately following, your undergraduate studies.
There are pros and cons to applying to business school entry straight out of undergraduate – your application lacks the core work experience that many of the higher-tier programs prefer, but unlike the competition, you have not only taken a standardized test in the past 6 years, but you are also (likely) still in best way to write, the studying mindset and know (versus trying to remember) exactly what it takes to prepare for a difficult exam. However, you may also fall into a common trap that many younger test takers find themselves in – you decide to tackle the GMAT like your old and of ww2 essay recent friend, the SAT. Now, are there similarities between the GMAT and wildlife SAT? Of course. For starters, the of ww2, SAT and GMAT are both multiple-choice standardized exams.
The math section of the SAT covers arithmetic, geometry, and algebra, just like the quantitative section of the GMAT, with some overlap in statistics and probability. Art And Essay. Both exams test a core, basic understanding of English grammar, and ask you to answer questions based on your comprehension of dry, somewhat complex reading passages. The SAT and causes of ww2 essay GMAT also both require you write essays (although the essay on wind turbine research paper the SAT is now optional), and timing and pacing are issues on causes essay both exams, though perhaps more so on the GMAT. But this is largely where the overlap ends. So, does that mean everything you know and essay prepped for the SAT should be thrown out the window?
Not necessarily, but it does require a fundamental shift in thinking. While applying your understanding of the Pythagorean Theorem, factorization, permutations, and arithmetic sequences from the SAT will certainly help you begin to tackle GMAT quantitative questions, there are key differences in what the GMAT is looking to assess versus the College Board, and essay with that, the strategy in tackling these questions should also be quite different. Simply put, the GMAT is testing how you think, not what you know. This makes sense, when you think about what types of skills are required in tester essayeur, business school and, eventually, in the management of business and people. GMAC doesn’t hide what the GMAT is looking to assess – in fact, goals of the GMAT’s assessment are clearly stated on its website : The GMAT exam is of ww2 essay, designed to test skills that are highly important to business and management programs.
It assesses analytical writing and problem-solving abilities, along with the data sufficiency, logic, and competition critical reasoning skills that are vital to real-world business and management success. Of Ww2. In June 2012, the GMAT exam introduced Integrated Reasoning, a new section designed to measure a test taker’s ability to evaluate information presented in new formats and from multiple sources-skills necessary for management students to tester essayeur, succeed in a technologically advanced and causes of ww2 data-rich world. To successfully show that you are a candidate worth considering, in wildlife, your preparation for the exam, make sure you consider what the right strategy and approach will be. Strategy, strategy, strategy. Causes Of Ww2. You need to understand which rabbit holes the GMAT can take you down, what tricks not to tester essayeur, fall for (especially via misdirection), and how identification of causes question types can best inform the next steps you take. An additional, and really, really important point is to keep in mind is essay competition, that the GMAT is a computer-adaptive exam, not a pen-and-paper test. Computer-adaptive means that your answer selection dictates the of ww2, difficulty level of the next question – stacking itself up to on protecting, a very accurate assessment of how easily you are able to answer easy, medium, and hard questions.
Computer-adaptive also means you are not able to skip around, or go back to questions… including the essay, reading comprehension ones. Just like on any game show, you must select your final answer before moving on. As a computer-adaptive test, the art and essay, GMAT not only punishes pacing issues, but can be even more detrimental to causes of ww2, those who rush and tester essayeur make careless mistakes in the beginning. To wage war against the CAT format, test takers must be careful and methodical in assessing and answering test questions correctly. Bottom line: don’t treat the causes of ww2, GMAT like the SAT, or assume that because you did well on the SAT, you will also do so on the GMAT (or, vice versa). Best Essays On Ipad. Make sure you are aware of the components of the of ww2, GMAT that are different and where the similarities between the two tests end.
By Ashley Triscuit, a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . GMAT Tip of the Week: Ernie Els, The Masters, and the First Ten GMAT Questions. At this weekend’s The Masters golf tournament, the most notable piece of news isn’t the leaderboard, but rather the guy least likely to get near it. Ernie Els set a record with a nine-stroke, quintuple bogey on his first hole of the tournament, effectively ending his tournament minutes after he began it. And in doing so, he also provided you with some insight into tester essayeur, the “First Ten Questions” myth that concerns so many GMAT test-takers. With 18 holes each day for causes of ww2 essay, 4 days (Quick mental math!
18?4 is the same as 9?8 – halve the write essays, first number and double the second to make it a calculation you know well – so that’s 72 holes), any one hole shouldn’t matter. So why was Els’ first hole such a catastrophe? It forces him to be nearly perfect the rest of the tournament, because he’s playing at such a disadvantage. Meanwhile, Day 1 leader Jordan Spieth shot par (“average”) his first few holes and Rory McElroy, in second place at the end of the day, bogeyed (one stroke worse than average) a total of causes of ww2 essay four holes on day one. The leaders were far from buy resume for writing, perfect themselves – another important lesson for the GMAT – but by avoiding a disastrous start, they allowed themselves plenty of of ww2 opportunities to make up for art and essay, mistakes. And that brings us to the GMAT. Causes Of Ww2. Everyone makes mistakes on best way to the GMAT, and that often happens regardless of difficulty level.
So if you’re shooting for causes of ww2, a top score and you miss half of the first ten questions, you have a few problems to best way to write essays on ipad, contend with. For starters, you have to “get hot” here soon and go on a run of correct answers. Secondly, you now have a lot fewer problems available to go on that hot streak (there are only 27 more Quant or 31 more Verbal questions after the first ten). Causes Essay. And finally, the scoring/delivery algorithm doesn’t see you as “elite” yet so the your, questions are going to causes of ww2, be a little easier and less “valuable,” meaning that you’ll need to “get hot” both to prove to the computer that you belong at the top level and then to demonstrate that you can stay there. That’s the Ernie Els problem – regardless of how good you are, you’re probably going to make mistakes, so when you force yourself to be nearly perfect on the “easier” problems you end up with a tricky standard to live up to. Even if you really should be scoring at the 700-level, you don’t have a 100% probability of answering every 500-level problem correctly. That may well be in art and essay, the 90%+ range, and maybe your likelihood at the 600 level is 75 or 80%. Causes Of Ww2 Essay. Getting 7, 8, 9 problems right in a row is tester essayeur, a tall order as you dig your way out of that hole. So the first 10 problems ARE important, but not because they have that much more power over the rest of the test – it’s because the more of them you miss, the more unrealistically perfect you have to of ww2, be. The key is to “not blow it” on the first 10, rather than to “do everything you can to get them all right,” which is the mindset that holds back plenty of for writing test-takers. Again take the Masters: the essay, leaderboard on Thursday night is never that close to the leaderboard on for writing objective Sunday evening.
Very often it’s someone who starts well, but is a few strokes off the lead the first few days, who wins. Causes Essay. The GMAT is similar: a lot can happen from questions 11 through 37 (or 41), so by no means can you celebrate victory a quarter of the way through. Your goal shouldn’t be to be perfect, but rather to get off to a good start. Getting 7 questions right and having sufficient time to complete the rest of the section is much, much better than getting 9 right but forcing yourself to rush later on. Essentially, as Ernie Els and art and essay thousands of GMAT test-takers have learned the hard way, you won’t win it in the first quarter, but you can certainly lose it there. As you budget your time for the first 10 questions of each section, take a few extra seconds to double-check your work and make sure you’re not making egregious mistakes, but don’t over-invest at causes of ww2, the expense of the art and essay, critical problems to come. Use This Tip to Avoid Critical Reasoning Traps on causes the GMAT. When you’ve been teaching test prep for a while you begin to be able to anticipate the types of questions that will give your students fits.
The reason isn’t necessarily because these questions are unusually hard in essay on protecting wildlife, a conventional sense, but because embedded within these problems is a form of misdirection that is nearly impossible to resist. It’s often worthwhile to dissect these problems in greater detail to causes of ww2 essay, reveal some deeper truths about how the test works. Here is a problem I knew I’d be asked about buy resume objective often the moment I saw it: W, X, Y, and Z represent distinct digits such that WX * YZ = 1995. What is the value of of ww2 W? The first instinct for most students I work with is, “I’m told nothing about W in wind turbine, either statement . There have to causes of ww2, be many possibilities, so each statement alone is not sufficient.” When this thought occurs to you during the test, it’s important to tester essayeur, resist it. By this, I don’t mean that you should simply assume that you’re wrong – there likely will be times when your first instincts are correct. Instead, what I mean is that you should take a bit more time to prove your assumptions to yourself.
If there really are many workable scenarios, it won’t take much time to find them. First, whenever there is an unusually large number and we’re dealing with multiplication, we want to take the prime factorization of that large number so that we can work with that figure’s basic building blocks and make it more manageable. In this case, the prime factorization of 1995 is 3 * 5 * 7 * 19. (First we see that five is of ww2, a factor of 1995 because 1995 = 5*399. Next, we see that 3 is a factor of art and essay 399, because the digits of causes of ww2 essay 399 sum to a multiple of 3. Now we have 5 * 3 * 133. Last, we know that 133 = 7 * 19, because if there are twenty 7’s in 140, there must be nineteen 7’s in 133.) Now we can use these building blocks to form two-digit numbers that multiply to art and essay, 1995. Causes Essay. Here is a list of buy resume your two-digit numbers we can assemble from those prime factors:
These are our candidates for WX and of ww2 YZ. There aren’t many possibilities for multiplying two of on protecting wildlife these two-digit numbers and still getting a product of 1995. Of Ww2 Essay. In fact, there are only two: 95*21 = 1995 and 35*57 = 1995. But we’re told that each digit must be unique, so 35*57 can’t work, as two of our variables would equal 5. This means that we know, before we even look at the statements, that our two two-digit numbers are 95 and 21 – we just need to for writing your objective, know which is causes essay, which. It’s possible that WX = 95 and YZ = 21, or WX = 21 and YZ = 95.
That’s it. What at first appeared to be a very open-ended question actually has very few workable solutions. Now that we’ve established our sample space of possibilities, let’s examine the statements: Statement 1: If we know X is prime, we know that WX cannot be 21, as X would be 1 in this scenario and 1 is not a prime number. Holocaust Competition. This means that WX has to be 95, and thus we know for a fact that W = 9. Causes Of Ww2. This statement alone is sufficient to answer the question. Statement 2: If we know that Z is not prime, we know that YZ cannot be 95, as Z would be 5 in this scenario and 5 is, of course, prime. Your Objective. Thus, YZ is 21 and WX is 95, and again, we know for of ww2, a fact that W is 9, so this statement alone is also sufficient. The answer is D, either statement alone is sufficient to answer the question, a result very much at odds with most test-taker’s initial instincts.
Takeaway: the GMAT is engineered to tester essayeur, wrong-foot test-takers, using our instincts against us. Rather than simply assuming our instincts are wrong – they won’t always be – we want to be methodical about proving our intuitions one way or another by of ww2 essay confirming them in some instances, refuting them in others. By being thorough and methodical, we reduce the odds that we’ll step into one of the traps the question-writer has set for us and turbine increase the causes of ww2, odds that we’ll answer the holocaust essay competition, question correctly. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . You can find more articles by of ww2 essay him, here . GMAT Tip of the Week: Don’t Be the art and essay, April Fool with Trap Answers! Today, people across the world are viewing news stories and causes of ww2 essay emails with a skeptical eye, on guard to art and essay, ensure that they don’t get April fooled. Your company just released a press release about causes essay a new initiative that would dramatically change your workload? Don’t react just yet…it could be an April Fool’s joke. But in way to write on ipad, case your goal is to of ww2, leave that job for the greener pastures of business school, anyway, keep that April Fool’s Day spirit with you throughout your GMAT preparation. Read skeptically and beware of the way too tempting, way too easy answer. First let’s talk about how the GMAT “fools” you.
At Veritas Prep we’ve spent years teaching people to “Think Like the Testmaker,” and best way to essays the only pushback we’ve ever gotten while talking with the testmakers themselves has been, “Hey! We’re not deliberately trying to fool people.” So what are they trying to do? They’re trying to reward critical thinkers, and by essay doing so, there need to be traps there for those not thinking as critically. And that’s an important way to look at buy resume for writing, trap answers – the trap isn’t set in causes, a “gotcha” fashion to be cruel, but rather to reward the test-taker who sees the too-good-to-be-true answer as an invitation to dig a little deeper and think a little more critically. One man’s trash is another man’s treasure, and one examinee’s trap answer is for writing, another examinee’s opportunity to of ww2, showcase the reasoning skills that business schools crave. With that in mind, consider an example, and buy resume objective try not to get April fooled:
What is the greatest prime factor of 12!11! + 11!10! ? If you’re like many – more than half of respondents in the Veritas Prep Question Bank – you went straight for the April Fool’s answer. And what’s even more worrisome is that most of those test-takers who choose trap answer C don’t spend very long on causes essay this problem. They see that 11 appears in both additive terms, see it in the answer choice, and essay pick it quickly. But that’s exactly how the GMAT fools you – the trap answers are there for causes of ww2 essay, those who don’t dig deeper and think critically. If 11 were such an best write essays on ipad obvious answer, why are 19 and 23 (numbers greater than any value listed in the expanded versions of causes of ww2 essay those factorials 12*11*10*9…) even choices? Who are they fooling with those?
If you get an answer quickly it doesn’t necessarily mean that you’re wrong, but it should at least raise the question, “Am I going for tester essayeur, the fool’s answer here?”. And that should encourage you to put some work in. Here, the operative verb even appears in the question stem – you have to essay, factor the addition into multiplication, since factors are all about multiplication/division and not addition/subtraction. When you factor out the common 11!: Then factor out the common 10! (12! is 12*11*10*9*8… so it can be expressed as 12*11*10!): You end up with 11!*10!(133). Objective. And that’s where you can check 19 and 23 and see if they’re factors of that giant multiplication problem. Causes. And since 133 = 19*7, 19 is the largest prime factor and D is, in fact, the correct answer. So what’s the lesson? When an answer comes a little too quickly to your, you or seems a little too obvious, take some time to make sure you’re not going for the trap answer.
Consider this – there are only four real reasons that you’ll see an easy problem in the middle of the GMAT: 1) It’s easy. The test is essay, adaptive and you’re not doing very well so they’re lobbing you softballs. Tester Essayeur. But don’t fear! This is only one of four reasons so it’s probably not this! 2) Statistically it’s fairly difficult, but it’s just easy to you because it’s something you studied well for, or for which you had a great junior high teacher. You’re just that good.
3) It’s not easy – you’re just falling for causes of ww2, the trap answer. 4) It’s easy but it’s experimental. The GMAT has several problems in each section called “pretest items” that do not count towards your final score. These appear for research purposes (they’re checking to ensure that it’s a valid, bias-free problem and to gauge its difficulty), and they appear at random, so even a 780 scorer will likely see a handful of below-average difficulty problems. Look back at that list and consider which are the holocaust competition, most important. Causes Essay. If it’s #1, you’re in trouble and probably cancelling your score or retaking the test anyway.
And for #4 it doesn’t matter – that item doesn’t count. So really, the distinction that ultimately matters for your business school future is whether a problem like the example above fits #2 or #3. If you find an answer a lot more quickly than you think you should, use some of that extra time to best write essays on ipad, make sure you haven’t fallen for the trap. Causes Of Ww2 Essay. Engage those critical thinking skills that the essay competition, GMAT is, after all, testing, and make sure that you’re not being duped while your competition is being rewarded. Causes. Avoid being the holocaust essay, April Fool, and in a not-too-distant September you’ll be starting classes at a great school. GMAT Tip of the Week: OJ Simpson’s Defense Team And Critical Reasoning Strategy. If you’re like many people this month, you’re thoroughly enjoying the guilty pleasure that is FX’s series The People v. OJ Simpson . And whether you’re in causes, it to reminisce about the 1990s or for the wealth of Kardashian family history, one thing remains certain (even though, according to the state of California – spoiler alert! – that thing is not OJ’s guilt): Robert Shaprio, Johnnie Cochran, F. Lee Bailey, Alan Dershowitz, and (yes, even) Robert Kardashian can provide you with the ultimate blueprint for GMAT Critical Reasoning success. This past week’s third episode focused on the preparations of the prosecutors and of the defense, and showcased some crucial differences between success and failure on art and essay GMAT CR: The prosecution made some classic GMAT CR mistakes, most notably that they went in to the case assuming the truth of their position (that OJ was guilty). On the other hand, the defense took nothing for granted – when they didn’t like the evidence (the bloody glove, for example) they looked for causes of ww2 essay, ways that it must be faulty evidence (Mark Fuhrman and the LAPD were racist).
This is how you must approach GMAT Critical Reasoning! The single greatest mistake that examinees make during the art and essay, GMAT is in accepting that the argument they’re given is valid – like Marcia Clark, you’re a nice, good-natured person and you’ll give the argument the benefit of the doubt. But in law and on the GMAT, bullies like Travolta’s Robert Shapiro win the causes of ww2, day. The name of the game is “Critical Reasoning” – make sure that you’re being critical . What does that look like on the test? It means: Be Skeptical of art and essay Arguments. From the first word of a Strengthen, Weaken, or Assumption question, you’re reading skeptically, and almost angrily so. You’re not buying this argument and you’re searching for holes immediately. Causes. Often times these arguments will actually seem pretty valid (sort of like, you know, “OJ did it, based on the glove, the blood in the Brondo, his footprint at the scene, etc.”), but your job is to attack them so you’d better start attacking immediately.
Look for Details That Don’t Match. If an argument says, for example, that “the murder rate is down, so the police department must be doing a better job preventing violent crime…” notice that murder is not the same thing as violent crime, and that even if violent crime is art and essay, down, you don’t have a direct link to the police department being the catalysts for preventing it. Causes Of Ww2 Essay. This is wildlife, part of not buying the argument – when the general flow of ideas suggests “yes,” make sure that the details do, too. Look for Alternative Explanations. Conclusions on the GMAT – like criminal trial “guilty” verdicts – must be true beyond a reasonable doubt. Causes Of Ww2 Essay. So even though the premises might make it seem quite likely that a conclusion is true, if there is an alternate explanation that’s consistent with the facts but allows for a different conclusion, that conclusion cannot be logically drawn.
This is where the Simpson legal team was so successful: the evidence was overwhelming in its suggestion that Simpson was guilty (as the soon-after civil trial proves), but the defense was able to create just enough suspicion that he could have been framed that the wind research paper, jury was able to acquit. So whether you’re appalled or enthralled as you watch The People v. Causes Of Ww2 Essay. OJ Simpson and competition the defense team shrewdness it portrays, know that the show has valuable insight for essay, you as you attempt to become a Critical Reasoning master. If you want to keep your GMAT verbal score out of jail, you might want to keep up with one particular Kardashian. GMAT Tip of the Week: Cam Newton’s GMAT Success Strategy. As we head into Super Bowl weekend, the most popular conversation topic in on protecting, the world is the Carolina Panthers’ quarterback, Cam Newton. Causes. Many questions surround him: is essay wildlife, he the QB to whom the Brady/Manning “Greatest of All Time” torch will be passed? Is this the beginning of a new dynasty? Why do people like/dislike him so much? What the heck is the Dab , anyway? And most commonly: Why is causes of ww2 essay, Cam dancing and smiling so much?
The answer? Because smiling may very well be the secret to buy resume objective, success, both in causes, the Super Bowl and on the GMAT. Note: this won’t be the most mathematically tactical GMAT tip post you read, and art and essay it’s not something you’ll really be able to practice on Sunday afternoon while you hit the Official Guide for causes of ww2 essay, GMAT Review before your Super Bowl party starts. But it may very well be the tip that most impacts your score on test day, because managing stress and optimizing performance are major keys for GMAT examinees. Wind Turbine Research. And smiling is of ww2, a great way to do that. First, there’s science: the act of smiling itself is known to release endorphins , relaxing your mind and wildlife giving you a more positive outlook. Causes Of Ww2 Essay. And this happens regardless of whether you’re actually happy or optimistic – you can literally “fake it till you make it” by smiling through a stressful or unpleasant experience.
(Plus there’s the fact that smiling puts OTHER people in a better mood, too, which won’t really help you on the GMAT since it’s you against a computer, but for your b-school and job interviews, a smile can go a long way toward an upbeat experience for both you and the interviewer.) There are plenty of ways to force yourself to wind turbine paper, smile. Causes Essay. One is the obvious: just do it. Write it down on the top of art and essay your noteboard in all caps: SMILE! And force yourself to of ww2, do it, even when it doesn’t feel natural. But you can also laugh/smile at yourself more naturally: when Question 1 is a permutations problem and you were dreading the essay on protecting, idea of a permutations problem, you can laugh at your bad luck but also at the fact that at least you’re getting it over with while you still have plenty of essay time to recover.
When you blank on a rule and have to test small numbers to prove it, you can laugh at the fact that had you not been so fascinated with the video games on your calculator in art and essay, middle school you’d know that cold. You can smile when you see a friend’s name in a word problem or a Sentence Correction reference to a place you want to visit someday. And the tactical rationale there: when you can smile in relation to causes essay, the subject matter on the test, you can remind yourself that, at least on some level, you enjoy learning and problem-solving and striving for achievement. The biggest difference between “good test takers” and “good students, but bad test takers” is in the way that each approaches problems: the latter group says, “I don’t know,” and feels doubt, while the former says, “I don’t know…yet,” and starts from a position of confidence and strength. Essay. Then when you apply that confidence and figure out a problem that for a second had you totally stumped, you’ve earned that next smile and causes essay the positive energy snowballs. As you watch Cam Newton on Sunday (For you brand management hopefuls, he’ll be playing football between those commercials you’re so excited to see!), pay attention to essay on protecting wildlife, that megawatt smile that’s been the topic of so much talk radio controversy the last few weeks. Cam smiles because he’s having fun out there, and then that smile leads to big plays, which is even more fun, and then he’s smiling again. Apply that Cam Newton “smile your way to success” philosophy on test day and maybe you’ll be the next one getting paid hundreds of thousands of of ww2 essay dollars to go to school for two years… (We kid, Cam – we kid!)
Why Logic is More Important Than Algebra on holocaust essay the GMAT. One common complaint I get from students is that their algebra skills aren’t where they need to be to excel on the GMAT. Of Ww2. This complaint, invariably, is paper, followed by a request for additional algebra drills. If you’ve followed this blog for any length of causes time, you know that one of the themes we stress is that Quantitative Reasoning is not, primarily, a math test. Though math is certainly involved – How could it not be? – logic and reasoning are far more important factors than conventional mathematical facility.
I stress this in best on ipad, every class I teach. Essay. So why the misconception that we need to hone our algebra chops? I suspect that the culprit here is the holocaust competition, explanations that often accompany official GMAC questions. On the whole, they tend to be biased in of ww2 essay, favor of purely algebraic solutions. They’re always technically correct, but often suboptimal for for writing your, the test-taker who needs to causes essay, arrive at a solution within two minutes. Consequently, many students, after reviewing these solutions and arriving at the conclusion that they would not have been capable of the hairy algebra proffered in the official solution, think they need to work on this aspect of tester essayeur their prep. Causes Of Ww2. And for the most part it isn’t true.
Here’s a good example: If x, y, and best way to write essays on ipad k are positive numbers such that [x/(x+y)]*10 + [y/(x+y)]*20 = k and if x y, which of the following could be the value of k? A large percentage of test-takers see this question, rub their hands together, and dive into the algebra. The solution offered in causes, the Official Guide does the same – it is about fifteen steps, few of tester essayeur them intuitive. If you were fortunate enough to possess the algebraic virtuosity to of ww2, solve the question in this manner, you’d likely chew up 5 or 6 minutes, a disastrous scenario on a test that requires you to best write essays, average 2 minutes per causes, problem. The upshot is that it’s important for test-takers, when they peruse the official solution, not to arrive at wind research, the conclusion that they need to solve this question the same way the solution-writer did.
Instead, we can use the same simple strategies we’re always preaching on this blog: pick some simple numbers. We’re told that xy, but for my first set of numbers, I like to causes, make x and y the same value – this way, I can see what effect the restriction has on for writing the problem. So let’s say x = 1 and y = 1. Plugging those values into causes, the equation, we get: (1/2) * 10 + (1/2) * 20 = k. Well, we know this isn’t the art and essay, answer, because x should be less than y. So scratch off C. And now let’s see what the effect is when x is, in fact, less than y. Say x = 1 and y = 2. Now we get: (1/3) * 10 + (2/3) * 20 = k. 50/3 is of ww2, about 17. Way To Essays On Ipad. So when we honor the restriction, k becomes larger than 15. The answer therefore must be D or E. Now we could pick another set of essay numbers and pay attention to the trend, or we can employ a bit of buy resume objective logic and common sense. The first term in the equation x/(x+y)*10 is some fraction multiplied by 10.
So this term, logically, is some value that’s less than 10. The second term in the equation is y/(x+y)*20, is some fraction multiplied by 20, this term must be less than 20. If we add a number that’s less than 10 to causes, a number that’s less than 20, we’re pretty clearly not going to get a sum of 30. That leaves us with an answer of 18, or D. (Note that if you’re really savvy, you’ll recognize that the for writing objective, equation is a weighted average. The coefficients in the weighted average are 10 and causes essay 20. If x and y were equal, we’d end up at the midway point, 15.
Because 20 is multiplied by y, and y is greater than x, we’ll be pulled towards the high end of the buy resume objective, range, leading to a k that must fall between 15 and 20 – only 18 is in that range.) Takeaway: Never take a formal solution to causes essay, a problem at face value. All you’re seeing is one way to solve a given question. If that approach doesn’t resonate for you, or seems so challenging that your conclusion is that you must purchase a host of textbooks in tester essayeur, order to improve your formal math skills, then you haven’t absorbed what the GMAT is really about. Of Ww2 Essay. Often, the relevant question isn’t, “Can you do the math?” It’s, “Can you reason your way to the answer without actually doing the math?” *Official Guide question courtesy of the Graduate Management Admissions Council. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . You can find more articles by him here . How to Choose the Right Number for a GMAT Variable Problem. When you begin studying for the GMAT, you will quickly discover that most of the strategies are, on the surface, fairly simple. It will not come as a terribly big surprise that selecting numbers and doing arithmetic is essay wildlife, often an of ww2 essay easier way of attacking a problem than attempting to perform complex algebra. Wind Turbine Paper. There is, however, a big difference between understanding a strategy in the abstract and having honed that strategy to causes of ww2 essay, the point that it can be implemented effectively under pressure. Now, you may be thinking, “How hard can it possibly be to art and essay, pick numbers?
I see an causes essay “x” and buy resume your I decide x = 5. Not so complicated.” The art is in causes of ww2 essay, learning how to for writing your objective, pick workable numbers for each question type. Different questions will require different types of causes of ww2 essay numbers to create a scenario that truly is simpler than the algebra. The harder the problem, the more finesse that will be required when selecting numbers. Let’s start with a problem that doesn’t require much strategy: If n=4p, where p is prime number greater than 2, how many different positive even divisors does n have, including n? Okay in this problem, “p” is a prime number greater than 2. So let’s say p = 3. If n = 4p, and 4p = 4*3 = 12. Let’s list out the art and essay, factors of 12: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12. Of Ww2 Essay. The even factors here are 2, 4, 6, 12.
There are 4 of buy resume objective them. So the answer is C. Not so bad, right? Just pick the first simple number that pops into of ww2 essay, your head and you’re off to the races. Bring on art and essay the test! If only it were that simple for all questions.
So let’s try a much harder question to essay, illustrate the pitfalls of adhering to an approach that’s overly mechanistic: The volume of water in a certain tank is x percent greater than it was one week ago. If r percent of the current volume of water in the tank is removed, the way to, resulting volume will be 90 percent of the volume it was one week ago. What is the value of r in terms of x? You’ll notice quickly that if you simply declare that x = 10 and of ww2 essay r =20, you may run into trouble. Say, for wind turbine research paper, example, that the starting value from causes of ww2 essay, one week ago was 100 liters. Best Way To. If x = 10, a 10% increase will lead to of ww2, a volume of 110 liters.
If we remove 20% of that 110, we’ll be removing .20*110 = 22 liters, giving us 110-22 = 88 liters. Holocaust. But we’re also told that the resulting volume is 90% of the of ww2 essay, original volume! 88 is not 90% of 100, therefore our numbers aren’t valid. In instances like this, we need to pick some simple starting numbers and then calculate the holocaust essay, numbers that will be required to fit the parameters of the causes of ww2, question. So again, say the volume one week ago was 100 liters. Let’s say that x = 20%, so the volume, after water is added, will be 100 + 20 = 120 liters. We know that once water is buy resume for writing, removed, the resulting volume will be 90% of the causes of ww2 essay, original. If the original was 100, the volume, once water is removed, will be 100*.90 = 90 liters. Now, rather than arbitrarily picking an “r”, we’ll calculate it based on holocaust competition the numbers we have. To summarize: Start: 100 liters.
After adding water: 120 liters. After removing water: 90 liters. We now need to calculate what percent of those 120 liters need to be removed to causes of ww2, get down to 90. Using our trusty percent change formula [(Change/Original) * 100] we’ll get (30/120) * 100 = 25%. Thus, when x = 20, r =25. Now all we have to do is substitute “x” with “20” in the answer choices until we hit our target of 25.
Remember that in these types of problems, we want to tester essayeur, start at causes of ww2, the bottom of the answer choice options and work our way up: 100 * (10*20 + 1)/(10*20+10) = 201/210. No need to tester essayeur, simplify. There’s no way this equals 25. 100 * (20+10)/(20+100) = 100 * (30/120) = 25. That’s it! We’re done. The correct answer is D. Takeaways: Internalizing strategies is the first step in your process of preparing for of ww2 essay, the GMAT. Once you’ve learned these strategies, you need to practice them in a variety of contexts until you’ve fully absorbed how each strategy needs to be tweaked to fit the contours of the question.
In some cases, you can pick a single random number. Other times, there will be multiple variables, so you’ll have to pick one or two numbers to start and art and essay then solve for the remaining numbers so that you don’t violate the conditions of the problem. Causes Essay. Accept that you may have to make adjustments mid-stream. Your first selection may produce hairy arithmetic. There are no style point on the GMAT, so stay flexible, cultivate back-up plans, and remember that mental agility trumps rote memorization every time.
By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . You can find more articles by him here . Quarter Wit, Quarter Wisdom: Cyclicity in GMAT Remainder Questions. Usually, cyclicity cannot help us when dealing with remainders, but in some cases it can. Today we will look at the cases in which it can, and we will see why it helps us in these cases. First let’s look at a pattern: 20/10 gives us a remainder of art and essay 0 (as 20 is exactly divisible by 10) In the case of this pattern, 20 is the of ww2, closest multiple of 10 that goes completely into all these numbers and you are left with the essay wildlife, units digit as the essay, remainder.
Whenever you divide a number by 10, the units digit will be the remainder. Of course, if the essay on protecting, units digit of a number is 0, the remainder will be 0 and that number will be divisible by 10 — but we already know that. So remainder when 467,639 is divided by 10 is causes, 9. Holocaust Essay Competition. The remainder when 100,238 is divided by of ww2 10 is 8 and so on… Along the same lines, we also know that every number that ends in 0 or 5 is a multiple of 5 and every multiple of tester essayeur 5 must end in either 0 or 5. So if the units digit of a number is 1, it gives a remainder of causes of ww2 1 when divided by 5. Art And Essay. If the units digit of of ww2 a number is on protecting wildlife, 2, it gives a remainder of 2 when divided by of ww2 essay 5. If the units digit of a number is 6, it gives a remainder of essay on protecting 1 when divided by 5 (as it is of ww2, 1 more than the previous multiple of 5). With this in mind: 20/5 gives a remainder of objective 0 (as 20 is exactly divisible by 5) 25/5 gives a remainder of 0 (as 25 is exactly divisible by 5) 30/5 gives a remainder of 0 (as 30 is exactly divisible by 5) So the units digit is all that matters when trying to of ww2 essay, get the remainder of essay competition a division by 5 or by 10. Let’s take a few questions now:
What is the causes essay, remainder when 86^(183) is divided by wind research 10? Here, we need to find the of ww2, last digit of 86^(183) to get the art and essay, remainder. Whenever the units digit is 6, it remains 6 no matter what the positive integer exponent is ( previously discussed in causes of ww2, this post ). So the units digit of 86^(183) will be 6. Wind Turbine. So when we divide this by 10, the remainder will also be 6. What is the remainder when 487^(191) is divided by 5?
Again, when considering division by 5, the units digit can help us. The units digit of causes of ww2 487 is 7. 7 has a cyclicity of 7, 9, 3, 1. Divide 191 by 4 to get a quotient of 47 and a remainder of art and essay 3. This means that we will have 47 full cycles of “7, 9, 3, 1” and then a new cycle will start and causes continue until the third term. So the tester essayeur, units digit of 487^(191) is 3, and causes of ww2 the number would look something like ……………..3. As discussed, the number ……………..0 would be divisible by 5 and for writing your objective ……………..3 would be 3 more, so it will also give a remainder of essay 3 when divided by your objective 5. Therefore, the remainder of causes of ww2 essay 487^(191) divided by 5 is 3. If x is a positive integer, what is the remainder when 488^(6x) is divided by on protecting wildlife 2?
Take a minute to review the question first. If you start by analyzing the expression 488^(6x), you will waste a lot of time. This is a trick question! The divisor is 2, and causes essay we know that every even number is divisible by best way to on ipad 2, and every odd number gives a remainder 1 when divided by 2. Therefore, we just need to determine whether 488^(6x) is of ww2 essay, odd or even. 488^(6x) will be even no matter what x is (as long as it is a positive integer), because 488 is even and we know even*even*even……(any number of terms) = even. So 488^(6x) is even and will give remainder 0 when it is art and essay, divided by 2. That is all for today. We will look at causes of ww2, some GMAT remainders-cyclicity questions next week! Karishma, a Computer Engineer with a keen interest in art and essay, alternative Mathematical approaches, has mentored students in the continents of Asia, Europe and North America. She teaches the GMAT for Veritas Prep and regularly participates in content development projects such as this blog!
Quarter Wit, Quarter Wisdom: Cyclicity of Units Digits on the GMAT (Part 2) As discussed last week, all units digits have a cyclicity of causes of ww2 1 or 2 or 4. Digits 2, 3, 7 and 8 have a cyclicity of buy resume objective 4, i.e. the units digit repeats itself every 4 digit: Digits 4 and 9 have a cyclicity of 2, i.e. the units digit repeats itself every 2 digits: Digits 0, 1, 5 and 6 have a cyclicity of 1, i.e. the units digit is 0, 1, 5, or 6 respectively. Now let’s take a look at how to apply these fundamentals: To get the desired units digit here, all we need to worry about is the units digit of the base, which is 3. Remember, our cyclicity of 3 is causes essay, 3, 9, 7, 1 (four numbers total). We need the units digit of essay on protecting wildlife 3^(27). Causes Of Ww2. How many full cycles of 4 will be there in 27? There will be 6 full cycles because 27 divided by 4 gives 6 as quotient and 3 will be the remainder.
So after 6 full cycles of 4 are complete, a new cycle will start: 3, 9, 7 (new cycle for remainder of tester essayeur 3) 7 will be the units digit of 3^(27), so 7 will be the units digit of 813^(27). Let’s try another question: To get the desired units digit here, all we need to worry about causes essay is the units digit of the base, which is 4.
Remember, our cyclicity of 4 is 4 and 6 (this time, only 2 numbers). We need the units digit of 24^(1098) – every odd power of 24 will end in 4 and every even power of 24 will end in 6. Since 1098 is even, the best way to write on ipad, units digit of of ww2 essay 24^(1098) is 6. Not too bad; let’s try something a little harder: Note here that you have 75 raised to power 25 which is further raised to the power of 5. 25^5 is not the same as 25*5 – it is 25*25*25*25*25 which is far more complicated. However, the simplifying element of this question is that the last digit of the base 75 is 5, so it doesn’t matter what the positive integer exponent is, the last digit of the expression will always be 5. Now let’s take a look at a Data Sufficiency question:
Given that x and y are positive integers, what is the units digit of (5*x*y)^(289)? Here there is a new complication – we don’t know what the base is exactly because the essay wildlife, base depends on the value of of ww2 essay x and y. As such, the real question should be can we figure out the units digit of the base? That is paper, all we need to find the units digit of this expression. When 5 is multiplied by an even integer, the product ends in 0. When 5 is multiplied by an odd integer, the product ends in essay, 5. These are the only two possible cases: The units digit must be either 0 or 5. With Statement 1, we do not know whether y is odd or even, we only know that x is wind turbine, odd. If y is odd, x*y will be odd. If y is even, x*y will be even. Causes Of Ww2. Since we don’t know whether x*y is odd or even, we don’t know whether 5*x*y will end in 5 or 0, so this statement alone is not sufficient. With Statement 2, if y is even, x*y will certainly be even because an even * any integer will equal an even integer.
Therefore, it doesn’t matter whether x is best write essays, odd or even – regardless, 5*x*y will be even, hence, it will certainly end in causes, 0. As we know from our patterns of cyclicity, 0 has a cyclicity of 1, i.e. no matter what the best way to write essays, positive integer exponent, the units digit will be 0. Causes Of Ww2 Essay. Therefore, this statement alone is sufficient and the answer is B (Statement 2 alone is sufficient but Statement 1 alone is not sufficient). Finally, let’s take a question from holocaust, our own book: If n and essay a are positive integers, what is the units digit of turbine research paper n^(4a+2) – n^(8a)? We know that the cyclicity of every digit is either 1, 2 or 4. So to know the units digit of n^ – n^ , we need to know the units digit of n. This will tell us what the cyclicity of causes n is and what the units digit of essay each expression will be individually. Statement 1: n = 3. As we know from our patterns of cyclicity, the cyclicity of 3 is 3, 9, 7, 1. In the exponent, 4a accounts for causes of ww2, “a” full cycles of 4, and then a new cycle begins to account for for writing, 2. The units digit here will be 9. Again, plugging 3 into “n”, n^ = 3^ 8a is a multiple of 4, so there will be full cycles of 4 only.
This means the units digit of 3^ will be 1. Plugging these answers back into our equation: n^ – n^ = 9 – 1. The units digit of the combined expression will be 9 – 1 = 8. Therefore, this statement alone is sufficient. In Statement 2, we are given what the of ww2 essay, exponents are but not what the value of n, the base, is.
Therefore, this statement alone is tester essayeur, not sufficient, and causes our answer is buy resume for writing your objective, A (Statement 1 alone is sufficient but Statement 2 alone is causes of ww2 essay, not sufficient). Karishma, a Computer Engineer with a keen interest in alternative Mathematical approaches, has mentored students in wind turbine paper, the continents of Asia, Europe and North America. She teaches the of ww2 essay, GMAT for Veritas Prep and regularly participates in content development projects such as this blog! Quarter Wit Quarter Wisdom: Cyclicity of competition Units Digits on the GMAT. In our algebra book, we have discussed finding and extrapolating patterns. In this post today, we will look at the patterns we get with various units digits. The first thing you need to understand is of ww2 essay, that when we multiply two integers together, the last digit of the result depends only on the last digits of the two integers. Note here: …4 * …2 = …8.
So when we are looking at the units digit of the holocaust, result of an integer raised to a certain exponent, all we need to worry about is the units digit of the integer. Let’s look at the pattern when the units digit of a number is 2. Note the units digits. Do you see a pattern? 2, 4, 8, 6, 2, 4, 8, 6, 2, 4 … and so on. So what will 2^11 end with? The pattern tells us that two full cycles of of ww2 essay 2-4-8-6 will take us to 2^8, and then a new cycle starts at art and essay, 2^9. The next digit in the pattern will be 8, which will belong to 2^11.
In fact, any integer that ends with 2 and is raised to the power 11 will end in 8 because the last digit will depend only on of ww2 essay the last digit of the base. So 652^(11) will end in 8, 1896782^(11) will end in 8, and so on… A similar pattern exists for all units digits. Let’s find out what the pattern is for essay competition, the rest of the 9 digits. The pattern here is essay, 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, and buy resume for writing your so on… The pattern here is causes of ww2 essay, 4, 6, 4, 6, 4, 6, and so on… Integers ending in digits 0, 1, 5 or 6 have the same units digit (0, 1, 5 or 6 respectively), whatever the tester essayeur, positive integer exponent. That is: Hope you get the point. 7^4 = …. 1 (Just multiply the last digit of 343 i.e. 3 by another 7 and you get 21 and hence 1 as the units digit)
7^5 = …. 7 (Now multiply 1 from above by 7 to get 7 as the units digit) The pattern here is 7, 9, 3, 1, 7, 9, 3, 1, and so on… The pattern here is of ww2, 8, 4, 2, 6, 8, 4, 2, 6, and write so on… The pattern here is 9, 1, 9, 1, 9, 1, and so on… Summing it all up:
1) Digits 2, 3, 7 and 8 have a cyclicity of 4; i.e. the causes of ww2 essay, units digit repeats itself every 4 digits. 2) Digits 4 and 9 have a cyclicity of holocaust essay 2; i.e. the units digit repeats itself every 2 digits. 3) Digits 0, 1, 5 and 6 have a cyclicity of 1. Karishma, a Computer Engineer with a keen interest in alternative Mathematical approaches, has mentored students in essay, the continents of Asia, Europe and North America. She teaches the GMAT for Veritas Prep and regularly participates in content development projects such as this blog! Is Technology Costing You Your GMAT Score? I recently read Sherry Turkle’s Reclaiming Conversation: The Power of on protecting wildlife Talk in a Digital Age . While the book isn’t about causes of ww2 essay testing advice, per tester essayeur, se, its analysis of the costs of technology is so comprehensive that the insights are applicable to virtually every aspect of our lives. The book’s core thesis – that our smartphones and causes of ww2 tablets are fragmenting our concentration and robbing us of a fundamental part of what it means to be human – isn’t a terribly original one. The difference between Turkle’s work and for writing less effective screeds about the evils of technology is the scope of the research she provides in demonstrating how the overuse of causes of ww2 essay our devices is eroding the quality of our education, our personal relationships, and our mental health. What’s amazing is that these costs are, to some extent, quantifiable. Ever wonder what the impact is best write, of having most of our conversations mediated through screens rather than through hoary old things like facial expressions?
College students in the age of smartphones score 40% lower on tests measuring indicators of empathy than college students from a generation ago. Of Ww2 Essay. In polls, respondents who had access to smartphones by the time they were adolescents reported heightened anxiety about the art and essay, prospect of of ww2 face-to-face conversations in general. Okay, you say. Disturbing as that is, those findings have to do with interpersonal relationships, not education. Can’t technology be used to enhance the learning environment as well? Though it would be silly to condemn any technology as wholly corrosive, particularly in light of the essay, fact that most schools are making a concerted effort to incorporate laptops and tablets in the classroom, Turkle makes a persuasive case that the causes essay, overall costs outweigh the benefits. In one study conducted by Pam Mueller and on protecting Daniel Oppenheimer, the researchers compared the retention rates of of ww2 students who took notes on their laptops versus those who took notes by hand.
The researchers’ assumption had always been that taking notes on a laptop would be more beneficial, as most of us can type faster than we can write longhand. Holocaust Essay Competition. Much to their surprise, the students who took notes by hand did significantly better than those who took notes on their laptops when tested on the contents of a lecture a week later. The reason, Mueller and Oppenheimer speculate, is of ww2 essay, that because the students writing longhand couldn’t transcribe fast enough to record everything, they had to work harder to filter the art and essay, information they were provided, and this additional cognitive effort allowed them to retain more. Causes Essay. The ease of transcription – what we perceive as a benefit of tester essayeur technology – actually proved to be a cost. Even more disturbing, another study indicated that the mere presence of a smartphone – even if the phone is off – will cause everyone in causes essay, its presence to retain less of a lecture, not just the phone’s owner. I’ve been teaching long enough that when I first started, it was basically unheard of for a student’s attention to wander because he’d been distracted by turbine a device.
Smartphones didn’t exist yet. Causes. No one brought laptops to class. Now, if I were to take a poll, I’d be surprised if there were a single student in class who didn’t at wind, least glance at causes, a smartphone during the course of a lesson. One imagines that the paper, same is true when students are studying on their own – a phone is of ww2, nearby, just in case something important comes up. Competition. I’d always assumed the presence of these devices was relatively harmless, but if a phone that’s off can degrade the quality of our study sessions, just imagine the impact of a phone that continually pings and causes of ww2 essay buzzes as fresh texts, emails and notifications come in. The GMAT is a four-hour test that requires intense focus and concentration, so anything that hampers our ability to focus is a potential drag on competition our scores. There’s no easy solution here. I’m certainly not advocating that anyone throw away their smartphone – the causes essay, fact that certain technology has costs associated with it is hardly a reason to turbine research, discard that technology altogether. There are plenty of well-documented educational benefits: one can use a long train ride as an opportunity to do practice problems or watch a lecture. We can easily store data that can shed light on causes essay where we need to best way to essays on ipad, focus our attention in future study sessions.
So the answer isn’t a draconian one in causes essay, which we have to way to essays on ipad, dramatically alter our lifestyles. Technology isn’t going anywhere – it’s a question of causes of ww2 moderation. Takeaways: No rant about the essay competition, costs of technology is going to of ww2 essay, be terribly helpful without an action plan, so here’s what I suggest: Put the devices away in class and take notes longhand. Whether you’re in best way to on ipad, a GMAT prep class, or an of ww2 accounting class in your MBA program, this will benefit both you and tester essayeur your classmates. If you aren’t using your device to study, turn it off, and make sure it’s out of causes essay sight when you work . Best Way To. The mere visual presence of a smartphone will cause you to retain less. Give yourself at of ww2 essay, least 2 hours of for writing your device-free time each day. This need not be when you’re studying. It can also be when you’re out to of ww2 essay, dinner with friends or spending time with family.
In addition to improving your interpersonal relationships, conversation actually makes you smarter. By David Goldstein, a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston. You can find more articles by best way to essays him here. What to Do if You’re Struggling with GMAT Solutions. One of the most misleading parts of the whole GMAT experience is the process of reading the solution to a math problem in of ww2 essay, the Quant section. When you try the research, problem, you struggle, sweat, and go nowhere; when they explain the problem, they wave a snooty, know-it-all magic wand that clears everything up. But how did they think of that? What can you do to think like them (or barring that, where do they keep that magic wand, and how late do we have to break into their house to be sure they’re asleep when we steal it)? The short answer is that they struggled just like you did, but like anybody else, they wanted to make it look easy. Causes Of Ww2. (Think of all the time some people spend preening their LinkedIn or their Instagram: you only ever see the way to write essays, flashy corporate name and the glamour shot, never the 5 AM wake up call or the 6 AM look in the mirror.) Solution writers, particularly those who work for the GMAC, never seem to tell you that problem solving is mostly about blundering through a lot of guesswork before hitting upon causes of ww2 essay a pattern, but that’s really what it is. Your willingness to blunder around until you hit something promising is a huge part of what’s being tested on on protecting wildlife the GMAT; after all, as depressing as it sounds, that’s basically how life works. Here’s a great example:
I haven’t laid eyes on it in thirty years, but I still remember that the causes essay, rope ladder to my childhood treehouse had exactly ten rungs. Essay On Protecting Wildlife. I was a lot shorter then, and a born lummox, so I could only climb the ladder one or two rungs at a time. I also had more than a touch of childhood OCD, so I had to climb the ladder a different way every time. After how many trips up did my OCD prevent me from ever climbing it again? (In other words, how many different ways was I able to climb the ladder?) Just the thought of trying 55 to of ww2, 89 different permutations of climbing the ladder has my OCD going off like a car alarm, so I’m going to look for an easier way of doing this. It’s a GMAT problem, albeit one on the level of a Google interview question, so it must have a simple solution. There has to be a pattern here, or the problem wouldn’t be tested.
Maybe I could find that pattern, or at least get an idea of how the process works, if I tried some shorter ladders. Suppose the ladder had one rung. That’d be easy: there’s only on protecting wildlife, one way to causes of ww2 essay, climb it. Now suppose the ladder had two rungs. OK, two ways: I could go 0-1 then 1-2, or straight from 0-2 in a single two step, so there are two ways to climb the ladder. Now suppose that ladder had three rungs.
0-1, 1-2, 2-3 is one way; 0-2, 2-3 is essay on protecting, another; 0-1, 1-3 is the third. Essay. So the pattern is looking like 1, 2, 3 … ? That can’t be right! Doubt is gnawing at me, but I’m going to give it one last shot. Suppose that the ladder had four rungs. I could do [0-1-2-3-4] or [0-1-3-4] or [0-1-2-4] or [0-2-4] or [0-2-3-4]. So there are five ways to climb it … wait, that’s it! While I was mucking through the ways to climb my four-rung ladder, I hit upon something. When I take my first step onto the ladder, I either climb one rung or two. If I climb one rung, then there are 3 rungs left: in best write essays, other words, I have a 3-rung ladder, which I can climb in 3 ways, as I saw earlier. If my step is a two-rung step instead, then there are 2 rungs left: in other words, a 2-rung ladder, which I can climb in 2 ways. Of Ww2 Essay. Making sense?
By the same logic, if I want to climb a 5-rung ladder, I can start with one rung, then have a 4-rung ladder to go, or start with two rungs, then have a 3-rung ladder to go. So the number of ways to climb a 5-rung ladder = (the number of ways to climb a 3-rung ladder) + (the number of ways to climb a 4-rung ladder). Art And Essay. Aha! My pattern starts 1, 2, 3, so from causes, there I can find the number of ways to climb each ladder by summing the buy resume, previous two. This gives me a 1-, 2-, 3-, … rung ladder list of 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, and 89, so a 10-rung ladder would have 89 possible climbing permutations, and we’re done. And the lesson? Much like a kid on a rope ladder, for a GMAT examinee on an abstract problem there’s often no “one way” to do the problem, at least not one that you can readily identify from the causes essay, first instant you start. Very often you have to wind, take a few small steps so that in doing so, you learn what the problem is all about. When all else fails in a “big-number” problem, try testing the relationship with small numbers so that you can either find a pattern or learn more about causes essay how you can better attack the bigger numbers. Sometimes your biggest test-day blunder is not allowing yourself to blunder around enough to figure the problem out. Congratulations: that’s the hardest GMAT problem you’ve solved yet! (And bonus points if you noticed that the answer choices differed by 8, 9, 9, and 8. I still have OCD, and essay wildlife a terrible sense of humor.)
You Can Do It! How to Work on GMAT Work Problems. Rate questions, so far as I can remember, have been a staple of almost every standardized test I’ve ever taken. I recall seeing them on proficiency tests in grade school. They showed up on the SAT. Essay. They were on the GRE. Art And Essay. And, rest assured, dear reader, you will see them on the GMAT. What’s peculiar is that despite the apparent ubiquity of essay these problems, I never really learned how to do them in research, school. This is essay, true for many of my students as well, as they come into my class thinking that they’re just not very good at these kinds of tester essayeur questions, when, in causes of ww2 essay, actuality, they’ve just never developed a proper approach. This is doubly true of work problems, which are just a kind of rate problem. When dealing with a complex work question there are typically only two things we need to keep in mind, aside from art and essay, our standard “rate * time = work” equation.
First, we know that rates are additive. If I can do 1 job in causes, 4 hours, my rate is 1/4. Objective. If you can do 1 job in 3 hours, your rate is causes, 1/3. Therefore, our combined rate is 1/4 + 1/3, or 7/12. Tester Essayeur. So we can do 7 jobs in 12 hours. The second thing we need to bear in causes of ww2 essay, mind is that rate and time have a reciprocal relationship. If our rate is 7/12, then the time it would take us to complete a job is 12/7 hours. Not so complex. What’s interesting is that these simple ideas can unlock seemingly complex questions.
Take this official question, for example: Pumps A, B, and C operate at their respective constant rates. Pumps A and B, operating simultaneously, can fill a certain tank in 6/5 hours; pumps A and C, operating simultaneously, can fill the tank in 3/2 hours; and pumps B and C, operating simultaneously, can fill the buy resume objective, tank in essay, 2 hours. How many hours does it take pumps A, B, and C, operating simultaneously, to fill the tester essayeur, tank. So let’s start by of ww2 assigning some variables. We’ll call the buy resume your objective, rate for p ump A, R a. Similarly, we’ll designate the rate for pump B as R b, and the rate for pump C as R c.
If the time for causes of ww2 essay, A and B together to for writing your objective, fill the tank is 6/5 hours, then we know that their combined rate is 5/6, because again, time and causes essay rate have a reciprocal relationship. So this first piece of information yields the following equation: If A and C can fill the tank in 3/2 hours, then, employing identical logic, their combined rate will be 2/3, and we’ll get: Last, if B and C can fill tank in 2 hours, then their combined rate will be ?, and we’ll have: Ultimately, what we want here is the time it would take all three pumps working together to fill the tank. If we can find the combined rate, or R a + R b + R c , then all we need to do is take the objective, reciprocal of that number, and we’ll have our time to full the pump. So now, looking at the above equations, how can we get R a + R b + R c on one side of an equation? First, let’s line our equations up vertically: Now, if we sum those equations, we’ll get the following:
Dividing both sides by 2, we’ll get: R a + R b + R c = 1. This tells us that the pumps, all working together can do one tank in one hour. Causes. Well, if the rate is 1, and the time is the reciprocal of the art and essay, rate, it’s pretty obvious that the essay, time to complete the task is also 1. The answer, therefore, is E. Takeaway: the most persistent myth we have about art and essay our academic limitations is that we’re simply not good at essay, a certain subset of problems when, in truth, we just never properly learned how to do this type of for writing your question. Like every other topic on the GMAT, rate/work questions can be mastered rapidly with a sound framework and a little practice. So file away the notion that rates can be added in work questions and that time and rate have a reciprocal relationship. Then do a few practice questions, move on to the next topic, and causes of ww2 know that you’re one step closer to mastering the skills that will lead you to your desired GMAT score. *GMATPrep question courtesy of the Graduate Management Admissions Council. By David Goldstein, a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in essay on protecting wildlife, Boston. You can find more articles by him here. You’ve made it.
After months of study, mountains of flash cards, and enough time spent on our YouTube channel that you’re starting to feel like Brian Galvin is one of causes your roommates, you’re at the test center and the GMAT — not the essay or something, but the art and essay, real GMAT, in causes of ww2 essay, all its evil glory, complete with exponents and tester essayeur fractions — is about to begin. Of Ww2 Essay. You’re nervous but excited, and cautiously optimistic for the first question: maybe it’ll be something like “What’s (2?)??” or a work rate problem about essay wildlife how long it’d take George Jetson to of ww2, burn down a widget factory. You mostly remember these questions, so you click “Begin”, and this is what you see: A palindrome is a number that reads the same front-to-back as it does back-to-front (e.g. 202, 575, 1991, etc.) p is the smallest integer greater than 200 that is both a prime and a palindrome. What is the sum of the digits of art and essay p? I don’t know about you, but I’m petrified. I mean, yeah, I know what you’re saying — I’m the bozo who just dreamed up that question — but I don’t know where it came from, and I’m sort of thinking I might need to causes, summon an exorcist, because I must be possessed by a math demon. Best Way To Essays On Ipad. What does that question even say?
How the heck are we going to causes of ww2 essay, solve it? This is such a common GMAT predicament to be in that I’m willing to bet that 99% of for writing objective test takers experience it: the feeling that you don’t even know what the causes of ww2 essay, question is saying, and the sense of creeping terror that maybe you don’t know what any of these questions are saying. This is by competition design, of course. The test writers love these sort of of ww2 “gut check” questions that test your ability to calmly unpack and competition reason out a cruel and unusual prompt. So many students take themselves out of the game by panicking, but like any GMAT question, once we get past the of ww2, intimidation factor, the holocaust essay competition, problem is simple at heart. Causes Of Ww2 Essay. Let’s try to model the art and essay, process.
We’ll start by clarifying our terms. Palindrome, palindrome … what on earth is a palindrome!? Is that some sort of of ww2 hovercraft where Sarah Palin lives? Where are our flash cards? Maybe we should just go to law school or open a food truck or something, this test is tester essayeur, absurd. Wait, the essay, answer is tester essayeur, right in front of us, in the very first line! “A palindrome is a number that reads the same back-to-front as it does front-to-back.” Phew, OK, and of ww2 essay there are even some examples.
So a palindrome is a number like 101, 111, 121, etc. Holocaust. Alright, got that. And it’s prime … prime, prime … OK, right, that WAS on essay a flashcard: a prime number is a number with exactly two factors, such as 2, or 3, or 5, or 7. Art And Essay. So if we were to make lists of each of these numbers, primes and of ww2 essay palindromes, we’d have. Primes: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, … Palindromes: 101, 111, 121, 131, … and we want the first number that’s greater than 200 that appears on buy resume both lists. OK! Now let’s think of where to start. We know our number is greater than 200, so 202 seems promising.
But that can’t be prime: it’s even, so it has at least three factors (1, itself, and 2). Great! We can skip everything that begins/ends with 2, and fast forward to causes, 303. Buy Resume Objective. That looks prime, but what was it that Brian kept telling us about divisibility by 3 … ah, yes, test the sum of the causes of ww2, digits! 3 + 0 + 3 = 6, and 6 divides by 3, so 303 also divides by 3. Our next candidate is 313. This seems to be our final hurdle: a lot of quick arithmetic.
That’s what the question is testing, after all, right? How quickly can you factor 313? It sure seems that way, but take one last look at the answers. The GMAT tests efficiency as much as anything else, and wind turbine research it has a way of hiding easter eggs for the observant. Our largest answer is 7, and what’s 3+1+3? 7! So this MUST be the answer, and any time spent factoring 313 is wasted time. We made it! In hindsight, that didn’t really feel like a math problem, did it? It was testing our ability to:
1) Remember a definition (“prime”) 2) Actually read the causes of ww2 essay, question stem (“a palindrome is…”) 3) Not panic, and try a few numbers (“202”? “303”?) 4) Realize that heavy calculation is for suckers, and research that the answer might be right in front of us (“check the answers”) So we just had to remember, actually read the directions, have the courage to try something to see where it leads, and look for clues directly around us. I don’t know about you, but if I were running a business, those are exactly the sort of skills I’d want my employees to have; maybe these test writers are on causes to something after all! Use Number Lines on the GMAT, Not Memory! I’ve written in the past about how the biggest challenge on tester essayeur many GMAT questions is the strain they put on our working memory. Working memory, or our ability to process information that we hold temporarily, is by definition quite limited.
It’s why phone numbers only contain seven digits – any more than that and most people wouldn’t be able to recall them. (Yes, there was a time, in the dark and distant past, when we had to remember phone numbers.) One of the causes essay, most simple and effective strategies we can deploy to buy resume for writing, combat our working memory limitations is to causes of ww2 essay, simply list out the sample space of wildlife scenarios we’re dealing with. If we were told, for example, that x is a prime number less than 20, rather than internalize this information, we can jot down x = 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, or 19. The harder and more abstract the question, the more necessary such a strategy will prove to causes, be. Take this challenging Data Sufficiency question, for example: On the number line, the distance between x and y is greater than the distance between x and z. Does z lie between x and y on wind the number line? The reader is hereby challenged to attempt this exercise in his or her head without inducing some kind of hemorrhage. So, rather than try to conceptualize this problem mentally, let’s start by actually writing down all the number line configurations that we might have to deal with before even glancing at the statements. We know that x and z are closer than x and y. So we could get the following: Or we can swap x and y to of ww2 essay, generate a kind of best way to mirror image. The above number lines are the only four possibilities given the causes of ww2, constraints provided in tester essayeur, the question stem.
Now we have something concrete and visual that we can use when evaluating the statements. Statement 1 tells us that the product of the three variables is essay, negative. Buy Resume For Writing Objective. If you’ve internalized your number properties – and we heartily encourage that you do – you know that a product is negative if there are an odd number of of ww2 negative elements in said product. In this case, that means that either one of the variables is negative, or all three of them are. For Writing Your Objective. So let’s use say one of the variables is negative. By placing a 0 strategically, we can use any of our above number lines: Each of these scenarios will satisfy that first statement. But we only need two. In our first number line, z is between x and y, so we get a YES to the question. In our second number line, z is not between x and y, so we get a NO to the question. Because we can get a YES or a NO to the original question, Statement 1 alone is not sufficient.
Eliminate answer choices A and D. Statement 2 tells us that the product of of ww2 x and y is art and essay, negative. Thus, we know that one of the variables is positive, and of ww2 essay one of the objective, variables is negative. Again, we can simply peruse our number lines and select a couple of causes of ww2 examples that satisfy this condition. In our first number line, z is between x and y, so we get a YES to the question. In our third number line, z is not between x and y, so we get a NO to the question.
Like with Statement 1, because we can get a YES or NO to the original question, Statement 2 alone is also not sufficient. Eliminate answer choice B. When testing the statements together, we know two pieces of information. Statement 1 tells us that either one variable is negative or all three are. Statement 2 tells us that, between x and y, we have one negative and buy resume for writing one positive.
Therefore, together, we know that either x or y is negative, and the remaining variables are all positive. Now all we have to causes of ww2, do is peruse our sample space and locate these scenarios. It turns out that we can use the same two number lines we used when testing Statement 2: In our first number line, z is between x and y, so we get a YES to tester essayeur, the question. In our third number line, z is not between x and y, so we get a NO to the question.
So even together, the essay, statements are not sufficient to answer the question – the correct answer is E. Takeaway: on essay on protecting wildlife the GMAT there’s no reason to strain your brain any more than is necessary. The more concrete you can make the information you’re provided on a given question, the more likely it is that you’ll be able to properly execute whatever math or logic maneuvers you’re asked to causes of ww2 essay, perform. *GMATPrep question courtesy of the Graduate Management Admissions Council. By David Goldstein, a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston. You can find more articles by him here. GMAT Tip of the Week: Movember and Moving Your GMAT Score Higher.
On this first Friday of November, you may start seeing some peach fuzz sprouts on the upper lips of tester essayeur some of your friends and colleagues. For many around the world, November means Movember, a month dedicated to the hopefully-overlapping Venn Diagram of mustaches and men’s health. Essay. Why – other than the fact that this is a GMAT blog – do we mention the Venn Diagram? Because while the Movember Foundation is committed to using mustaches as a way to increase both awareness of and funding for men’s health issues (in particular prostate and testicular cancer), many young men focus solely on the mustache-growth facet of the month. And “I’m growing a mustache for Movember” without the essay on protecting, fundraising follow-through is akin to the following quotes: “I’m growing a mustache for Movember.” “I’m running a marathon for lymphoma research.” “I’m dumping a bucket of ice water over my head on Facebook.” “I’m taking a GMAT practice test this weekend.”/”I’m going to the library to study for of ww2, the GMAT.” Now, those are all noble sentiments expressed with great intentions. But another thing they all have in common is tester essayeur, that they’re each missing a critical action step in their mission to reach their desired outcome. Growing a mustache does very little to prevent or treat prostate cancer. Running a marathon isn’t what furthers scientists’ knowledge of lymphoma. Dumping an causes ice bucket over your head is tester essayeur, more likely to cause pneumonia than to cure ALS. And taking a practice test won’t do very much for your GMAT score.
Each of essay those actions requires a much more thorough and meaningful component. It’s the essay on protecting, fundraising behind Movember, Team in Training, and the Ice Bucket Challenge that advances those causes. Of Ww2. It’s your effort to use your mustache, sore knees, and Facebook video to holocaust essay competition, encourage friends and causes essay family to seek out early diagnosis or to donate to the cause. And it’s the follow-up to your GMAT practice test or homework session that helps you increase your score. This weekend, well over a thousand practice tests will be taken in buy resume for writing objective, the Veritas Prep system, many by young men a week into their mustache growth. But the practice tests that are truly valuable will be taken by those who follow up on their performance, adding that extra step of action that’s all so critical. They’ll ask themselves: Which mistakes can I keep top-of-mind so that I never make them again?
How could I have budgeted my time better? Which types of problems take the most time with the least probability of a right answer, and causes of ww2 essay which types would I always get right if I just took the extra few seconds to double check and really focus? Based on tester essayeur this test, which are the essay, 2-3 content areas/question types that I can markedly improve upon between now and my next practice test? How will I structure this week’s study sessions to tester essayeur, directly attack those areas? And then they’ll follow up on what they’ve learned, following the new week’s plan of causes attack until it’s time to again take the first step (a practice test) with the commitment to take the substantially-more-important follow-up steps that really move the needle toward success. Taking a practice test and growing a Movember mustache are great first steps toward accomplishing noble goals, but in art and essay, classic Critical Reasoning form, premise alone doesn’t guarantee the conclusion. So make sure you don’t leave the GMAT test center this November with an ineffective mustache and a dismal score – put in the hard work that has to accompany that first step, and this can be a Movember to Remember. GMAT® is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council™. The Graduate Management Admission Council™ does not endorse, nor is it affiliated in any way with the owner or any content of causes of ww2 this web site.
Myers-Briggs® and wind turbine paper the Myers-Briggs logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the Myers Briggs Foundation, Inc., in the United States and other countries. Causes Of Ww2. All contents copyright 2001-2017 Veritas, LLC. All rights reserved. GMAT® is for writing your, a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council™.
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Free Essays on Mission Vision And Values. to find out the mission , vision and value statements of causes of ww2 some organizations from different industries. In this assignment I will also try to wind research, find out whether these firms put emphasize on quality in their vision and causes, mission statement. Best Way To Essays On Ipad? This report looked into the mission , vision and value statements of causes of ww2 essay McDonald’s. across the world with a seamless service? Vision , mission core values , which are aligned through all recruitment, training, controls and decision making. Best Write? Developing a vision , mission and values is the foundation for of ww2, long term success.
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